What was the second agricultural revolution?
- THe Industrial Revolution
- STARTED IN WESTERN EUROPE IN THE 1600's AND NORTH AMERICA IN THE 1800's
- IT CHANGED FARMING BY BRINGING NEW METHODS SUCH AS CROP ROTATION, BETTER HORSE COLLARS, NEW MACHINES, SUPPLEMENT NATURAL FERTILIZERS, AND PESTICIDES WITH CHEMICALS
WHat was the third agricultural revolution?
- THE Green revolution
- BEGAN IN THE EARLY 1940's-50's BUT REALLY STARTED UP IN THE 1970's-80's
- MORE HYBRID SEEDS, FERTILIZERS, AND PESTICIDES WERE INVENTED TO MAKE AGRICULTURE EASIER
- ALSO BETTER/NEW MACHINERY WAS CREATED ALONG WITH THE SEEDS/FERTILIZERS
NEWER MACHINES AND BETTER SEEDS/FERTILIZERS:
- GMO - Genetically modified orgANISM: an organism whose genome has been altered by the techniques of genetic engineering
GMO's Helped farmers because it brought new methods of protecting their crops against harmful conditions.
GOOD: - Herbicides help repel animals from crops. - Fertilizers help to increase your yield of crops.
BAD: - Poisoned the soil, not allowing some types of crops to grow. - If it gets into local waterways it can cause deformities in pond life.
difference between subsistence, sustainable, and commercial farming
- SUBSISTENCE FARMING: GROWING ENOUGH CROPS FOR YOU/YOUR FAMILY TO SURVIVE.
- SUSTAINABLE FARMING: ALSO KNOWN AS ORGANIC FARMING, SUSTAINABLE FARMING IS USING TECHNIQUES THAT PROTECT THE FARMING ENVIRONMENT.
- COMMERCIAL FARMING: TO GROW AND SELL CROPS FOR MONEY AND BUSINESS PURPOSES.
FUn facts about agriculture:
- Elevators in the Statue of Liberty use a soybean-based hydraulic fluid.
- Farming employs more than 24 million American workers (17% of the total workforce).
- Soybeans are an important ingredient for the production of crayons. One acre of soybeans can produce 82,368 crayons.
- The four major biotech crops in 2012 were soybean, cotton, maize, and canola.
- More than 100 agricultural crops in the U.S. are pollinated by bees. One out of three bites of food people eat is thanks to honeybees.