4-Level Analysis of Population Growth from 2000-2010 Jack Konopka

Introduction:

Every 10 years the United States Census Bureau conducts a comprehensive survey that collects data ranging from ethnicities to the amount of people in the house. The purpose of the Census is to count the amount of people in each state, so that each state has the correct amount of representatives in Congress. The Census is also conducted to give the correct amount of federal funding for education. Some additional minor reasons for the administration of the census is to illustrate population growth, the ethnicities in America and their locations, and to the occupied and vacant housing in America.

The First American Census

Level 1: What? Where? When? Scale?

The population of the United States from 2000 to 2010 has grown 9.7% or around 37 million people according to the U.S. Census Bureau.

Level 2: What is the pattern?

In a state like Nevada, where the population has grown by 35.1%, most of the population growth has been centered around Clark County where Las Vegas is located. This pattern of population growth around cities has been true in many other states, like Arizona; in which most of the growth has been in the Maricopa and Pinal County areas which surround Phoenix. Although every state has gained in population, that statistic can be deceiving on the county level. In a state like Kansas there are numerous counties like Kiowa where population growth has actually shrunk by more than 20%. This sensation is not an isolated incident, it is happening all throughout Middle America, and the Western part of the South East.

Las Vegas Skyline

Level 3: Why there? How did it get there?

The reason for the population growth around cities is simply economical. People move to where there are jobs. In cities like Las Vegas and Phoenix, there are booming job markets. In Las Vegas from 2000- 2008 before the Great Recession the casino business had a surplus of jobs. At the Vegas's economic height there were more than 200,000 people employed by numerous casinos throughout the city. The reason for places like Kiowa, Kansas losing 20% of their population is because of a lack of jobs. Although most cities have great job markets, in Detroit during 2010 when the recession was at its worst and the data collected actually showed negative population growth from 2000. This is one of the few examples where a city did not grow in population. As I said earlier, this was due to the fact that people could not find jobs, so they moved to more prosperous areas of the country. The people got to those areas of the country through the usual means of transportation such as car, bus, train, and airplane.

This is a collage demonstrating the hardships of the Great Depression and Recession

Level 4: So what? What if? Implications? Impact?

There are numerous impacts and implications of people moving to the cities and away from the country side. First, we become a more urbanite society. This means that there is a scarcity of people in the rural parts of the country, while the rest of the population is concentrated in cities, and their suburbs. Urbanization also means that there are less farmers, and thus a lower agricultural density. This ratio refers to the amount of farmers to arable land. A lower agricultural density leads to the industrialization of farms. Meaning that, although more food is produced at a lower cost, it is of lower quality and not nearly as humane as regular non-industrialized farms. A secondary effect of the population clustering around urban areas, is that more people are mixed together, so the city as a whole becomes more diverse. With cities becoming more diverse there is a higher likelihood of local companies becoming more diverse. This is good because studies have shown that more diverse companies have higher profit margins due to having insight from people of different demographics. A tertiary effect, is that the environment is impacted negatively. This environmental strain happens because there are so many people in such a small area using so much. In an urban society people consume more energy, water, and food. This mass consumption leads to more production of pollutants, sewage, and trash.

A classic example of a factory farm where animals are treated unethically

ESPN + DC Factors:

There are numerous ESPN + DC factors that have yet to be mentioned. One economic factor that occurs as a result of people flocking to cities is that eventually, low paying jobs emerge. The social aspect of these jobs, is that people with these low paying jobs need affordable places to live. These more affordable neighborhoods are often overlooked by police and local government. The neighborhoods soon become crime ridden areas with poor education. Since the schools perform badly they don't get as much money as higher performing schools, so the cycle of the school performing badly, and thus not getting as much money continues. This cycle keeps the unlucky students in the neighborhood since they couldn't get a higher education due to their public school system being poor. A political impact of urbanization is that certain political districts hold more value to government representatives campaigning. That means politicians will spend more time in urban areas rather than rural areas. A cultural impact is that all the cultural groups will eventually all melt together creating a syncretic culture.

Conclusion:

In summation, population growth in the United States as a whole has been deceiving. This is proven by the fact that from 200-2010 urban centers have grown vastly, and less densely populated Middle American counties have in fact, shrunk in population. The urban growth has had numerous impacts including the United States shifting towards becoming a more urbanite society, and a lower agricultural density which has allowed for the rise in factory farms.

Citations:

Images:

Rankin, Sj. United States and Mexico. Digital image. Photos for Class. Photos for Class, n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2017. <http://www.photosforclass.com/search?text=map+of+the+united+states>.

Ballant38, A. 1861 Census. Digital image. Photos for Class. Photos for Class, n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2017. <http://www.photosforclass.com/search?text=census+>.

Phelps, James Marvin. Las Vegas Boulevard. Digital image. Photos for Class. Photos for Class, n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2017. <http://www.photosforclass.com/search?text=las+vegas>.

Kane, Andy. I Survived the Great Recession. Digital image. Photos for Class. Photos for Class, n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2017. <http://www.photosforclass.com/search?text=great+recession>.

Celesteh. Factory Farm. Digital image. Photos for Class. Photos for Class, n.d. Web. <http://www.photosforclass.com/search?text=factory+farm>.

Griff, Ross. Ghetto. Digital image. Photos for Class. Photos for Class, n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2017. <http://www.photosforclass.com/search?text=ghetto>.

Websites:

Center for New Media and Promotions(C2PO). "US Census Bureau 2010 Census." Center for New Media and Promotions. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2017. <https://www.census.gov/2010census/data/>.

"4480 Population Distribution [n]." Encyclopedic Dictionary of Landscape and Urban Planning (2010): 730. Census.gov. Web. 23 Jan. 2017. <https://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-01.pdf>.

* All Products Require an Annual Contract. Prices Do Not Include Sales Tax (New York Residents Only). "Casino: Employees Nevada 2015 | Statistic." Statista. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2017. <https://www.statista.com/statistics/221035/number-of-nevada-casino-employees/>.

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