Cells make up life and are found in all living things. Every cell stores DNA, which stands for deoxyribonucleic acid. DNA is a molecule that holds genetic instructions which are used to influence each individual in growth, development, functioning and reproduction. Here I will take you on a journey that breaks down each organelle of the animal cell and their functions!
THE CYTOPLASM: The cytoplasm is located throughout the cell on the outside of the nucleus and the inside of the cell membrane. It is a liquid/ jelly type consistency that holds all of the organelles of the cells together.
THE CELL MEMBRANE: The cell membrane is the outer layer of the cell. It selects what comes in an out of the cell and it surrounds the cytoplasm. Most of the membrane structure is made out of proteins and phospholipids. The phospholipids are the outside of the membrane and the proteins help the molecules enter and exit the cell.
THE GOLGI APPARATUS: The golgi apparatus packages proteins before they are shipped. The golgi apparatus is found in many eukaryotic cells. It helps to sort and process proteins and are sent throughout the cell. The golgi apparatus also decides which proteins should be transferred outside of the cell. The golgi apparatus can also be called the golgi body, and the golgi complex.
THE VACUOLE: The vacuole is the storage space found inside both plant and animal cells. Vacuoles can also store the nutrients a cell needs to live, as well as waste products to keep the cell from getting infected. A vacuole is a mass of fluid with the nutrients or the waste products that is surrounded by a membrane.
THE SMOOTH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM: The smooth endoplasmic reticulum makes "cellular products" like lipids and hormones and transports them. It is in both animal and plant cells.
THE ROUGH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM: The rough endoplasmic reticulum is located through most of the cell. Ribosomes attach to the rough endoplasmic reticulum and they are called "membrane bound". They help make proteins.
THE CENTRIOLE: The centrioles are only present during mitosis. The primary purpose of the centriole is to help with the cell division inside animal cells. They are usually located near the nucleus but they are not visible when the cell is not dividing.
THE LYSOSOME: The lysosome is found in almost all animal cells. Lysosomes carry enzymes that the cell made. The lysosome helps to digest foods or even help break down the cell when it eventually dies. The lysosome organelle is a single membrane.
THE MITOCHONDRIA: The mitochondria is an energy source. It serves as a digestive system because it takes in nutrients for the cell and breaks it down. The mitochondria produces energy for the cell.
THE NUCLEUS: The nucleus is where DNA is stored. The nucleus also controls many other things that are happening throughout the cell. The nuclear membrane surrounds the nucleus.
THE NUCLEOLUS: The nucleolus is located inside of the nucleus. Inside of the nucleolus is where ribosomes are created.
THE RIBOSOME: Ribosomes are where proteins are assembled and ribosomes are located inside of the nucleolus.
I hope you enjoyed your journey through the animal cell and learned about how each organelle works together to create life!