Muhammad, in full Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāshim (born 570, Mecca, Arabia [now in Saudi Arabia]—died June 8, 632, Medina), founder of the religion of Islam, accepted by Muslims throughout the world as the last of the prophets of God. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Muhammad
Allah. Allah is the Arabic word referring to God in Abrahamic religions. It is distinguished from ilāh (Arabic: إله), the Arabic word meaning deity, which could refer to any of the gods worshipped in pre-Islamic Arabia. http://www.answering-islam.org/Nehls/tt1/tt5.html
Belief in the Books of God: Muslims believe that God revealed holy books or scriptures to a number of God's messengers. These include the Quran (given to Muhammad), the Torah (given to Moses), the Gospel (given to Jesus), the Psalms (given to David), and the Scrolls (given to Abraham). https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/teach/muslims/beliefs.html
Quran include narration of Islamic Prophet starting from Adam to last Muhammad, and given importance to events related with all and gradual transformation. The text of the Qur'an consists of 114 chapters of varying lengths, each known as a sura.
The word "Quran" means "recitation" in Arabic. This book is the sacred text of Islam and the highest authority in both religious and legal matters. Muslims believe the Quran to be a flawless record of the angel Gabriel's revelations to Muhammad from 610 until his death in 632 AD. It is also believed to be a perfect copy of a heavenly Qur'an that has existed eternally.
The word "Hadith" means "narrative" or "report" in Arabic. The book is a record of the words and deeds of the Muhammad, his family, and his companions. Although not regarded as the spoken Word of God like the Quran, Hadith is an important source of doctrine, law, and practice http://www.religionfacts.com/islam/texts
Islamic influences on Western art refers to the influence of Islamic art, the artistic production in the Islamic world from the 8th to the 19th century, on Christian art.. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_influences_on_Western_art
Muhammad and his followers spread the teachings of Islam throughout the Arabian peninsula. Soon after the death of the prophet Muhammad, there were military expeditions, called "futuhat," or literally "openings," into what is now Egypt and other parts of North Africa. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/teach/muslims/timeline.html
The Spread of Islam
The Impact of Islam. As Islam spread across the Arabian Peninsula and later across North Africa and the Middle East , it had an aggregating effect. The occupants of these areas had been nomadic tribes for a very long time. They were polytheistic and reaped all the political problems associated with polytheism. http://www.historyhaven.com/AP%20Prep%20WH/The%20Impact%20of%20Islam.htm