Though many people think of the rainforests as a smelly, muddy place, the truth is that it can be very soothing. For instance, the weather is only about 80 degrees all year. It rarely gets over 93 degrees. This environment gets about 160- 400 inches of rain each year. Hence the name “rainforest”. 30 million species of plants live here. Not only that, but they all grow close together which
means if you were to walk through the rainforest, you would trip over lots of silly vines and weeds.
Abiotic and biotic factors:
Many people refer to the rainforest as the “jewels of earth.” This is because over 10 million species of animals live in the rainforest. In fact, over 50% of the plant and animal species live there. This limits it down to about 20-80 species per acre. Due to the many biotic creatures, there leaves less room for abiotic features. Soil is surprisingly needed less because flowers like orchids, do not need soil to grow. In fact, they only need air and water which the rain forest has plenty of.
Producers, consumers, and decomposers:
With so many animals in the rainforest, not every animal gets to stay alive. There has to be some predator and prey in this ecosystem. Predator is an animal that eats and hunts for other animals. Prey is an animal that gets eaten by other animals. Predator and prey play a big part in the food chain. A food chain is series of animals or plants that relate to each other through energy. For instance, a plant gets energy from the sun. If a bunny comes along and eats the plant, that energy goes to the bunny. As the same bunny goes to eat more plants, a snake strikes. That energy is now passed on to the snake. After the snake licks his lips, a Bengal tiger pounces. Now, the tiger has all the energy. After the tiger dies, the body does not stay. Worms, bugs, and scorpions, (also known as decomposers) breaks down the tiger’s body and gives the soil the nutrients it needs.
Animals reaction to the environment:
Many animals react differently than we do. A lot of animals in the rainforest help each other, but others don't. However, all animals react. Some organisms help the environment without even knowing it. For instance, if a jaguar eats a bunny, yes he killed it but that would decrease the population of bunnies. If there were over 25,00 bunnies in the rainforest, there wouldn't be enough plants for the bunnies to eat and over half of the would die out. In another scenario, if there were only a few bunnies left and a jaguar killed them all, the bunnies would die out. With no more food of their own, the jaguars would die out as well.
Though the rain forest is a strong place, there are some things it can not live without. These are called limiting factors. Some of these are water, sun, soil, and the food chain. Limiting factors are easier to understand with cause and effect. For instance, let's talk about the sun. if the rainforest did not have the sun, no plants would grow. If no plants grew, bunnies could not survive. If bunnies were never alive, jaguars could not live. If jaguars could not live, decomposers would be pointless. The same way with soil and water. If the rain forest did not have the food chain, no animals would die. If no animals died, the rainforest would eventually would become crowded. When the rainforest becomes crowded, most animals would have to die or move.
As humans grow, rainforests go. This means that if more and more humans come into the world, the more rainforests disappear. Why, you may ask? Wood. wood is one of the most important things in the human world. Almost everything on the planet is made out of wood. Pencils, doors, floors, etc. The rainforest is full of trees. Trees, mean wood. With no trees in the rainforests, animals like monkeys, birds, and tree frogs cannot live. Although they hurt the rainforests, humans also help the rainforest. Take into consideration, the Amazon watch and the rainforest alliance. These people help the environment by watching over it.
After the amazing trip through the rainforest, you have learned about the surprising facts, living creatures, and the wondrous history of the intriguing rain forest. With all of those facts, you could write an entire series on the rain forest! Do you have enough knowledge to save the rainforest?