MONOLIGHTING :is a self-contained light source in witch the flash head contains lamp , modeling light , cooling fan , and power supply .
STANDS: A stand is used for either holding a camera , lighting , or green screen .
REFLECTORS :Reflectors are used to bounce , diffuse , or flag natural and artificial light .
POCKET WIZARDS : is a wireless radio triggering system for off camera lighting . It requires a transmitter electrically connected to the camera, usually mounted on the camera's hot shoe to trigger a remote receiver connected to a remote flash unit via a PC Cord.
HOT SHOE : A hot shoe is a mounting point on the top of a camera to attach a flash unit and other compatible accessories.
SYNC CORD : a sync cord connects a flash gun to a camera, so that when you press the shutter relese, the camera's shutter opens at the same time the flash fires.
DIFFUSER : A flash diffuser spreads the light from the flash of a camera. In effect, the light will not come from one concentrated source (like a spotlight), but rather will spread out, bounce from reflective ceilings and walls, thus getting rid of harsh light, and hard shadows.
BARN DOORS: barn doors are light modifiers that shape and direct light. They are flexible to use and can create focused light. ... Barn doors tend to be used to shape light.
GELS : also known as lighting gel or simply gel, is a transparent colored material that is used in theater, event production, photography, videography and cinematography to color light and for color correction
FLAGS : Flags block light from spilling onto things that you don't want lit. But since flags are only blocking part of a beam, there will be a shadow line to deal with. How sharp this shadow line will be depends on the size of the flag, the sharpness of the light (how hard or soft), and the distance from the flag to the shadow.
SAND BAGS : sandbag used to stabilize Truss Totems, bases, Tripod Stands and/or lighting equipment. Use for added support on lighting or speakers stands.
TRIPODS : In photography, a tripod is used to stabilize and elevate a camera, a flash unit, or other photographic equipment. All photographic tripods have three legs and a mounting head to couple with a camera.