South Africa Pages 377-396

Land-forms and bodies of water

Landforms

  1. The Atlas Mountains extend some 2,500km across northwestern Africa, spanning Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia, separating the Atlantic and Mediterranean coastline from the Sahara Desert.
  2. Actually a series of ranges with diverse terrain, climates and wildlife, the Atlas are dotted with Berber villages and riven with canyons and ravines.
  3. The highest peak is 4,167m Toubkal, which lies within Morocco's Toubkal National Park.
The atlas mountains
  1. Lake Chad is a historically large, shallow, endothermic lake in Africa, which has varied in size over the centuries. It's max depth is 4,921 ft deep
Lake Chad
  1. The Congo River is a river in Africa. It is the second largest river in the world by discharge, and the world's deepest river with measured depths in excess of 220 m.
Congo river
  1. The Niger River is the principal river of western Africa, extending about 4,180 km. Its drainage basin is 2,117,700 km² in area. Its source is in the Guinea Highlands in southeastern Guinea.
Niger river
  1. The Ethiopian Highlands is a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia, situated in the Horn region in Northeast Africa
  1. The Kaapvaal Craton, along with the Pilbara Craton of Western Australia, are the only remaining areas of pristine 3.6–2.5 Ga crust on Earth.

What type of land-form is most popular in south africa

  1. Plateau are the most common land-form in Southern Africa.

Rain forest

  1. The two rain forest are The Google Rain forest and Mount Mabu.
  2. The climate of the google rain forest is 80 degrees F.

Temperature zones

  1. It is usually 28 degrees S.
  2. It is also usually 34 degrees S.

Desert regions

  1. One of the deserts is Karoo Desert.
  2. Another desert is Kalahari Desert.

What natural resources are found in Southern Africa, and why are they important?

  1. Here are some natural resources found in south Africa diamonds, coal, copper, silver, and platinum and there are many more. The are important because they earn Africa money and the coal is or can be used for an energy resource.
  2. Some of Africas wildlife are elephant, lion, rhino, leopard and buffalo.

How does deforestation affect the energy supply in the region?

  1. It affects the energy because it produces a lot of it by getting wood for energy via burning it.

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History of Southern Africa

  1. Europeans took over most of southern Africa for trade and slaves.

Great Zimbabwe

  1. The first thing that makes Zimbabwe great is the geography, it has beautiful waterfalls rivers and plains.
  2. The second thing that makes Zimbabwe great is the wildlife the have there.
  3. The third thing that makes Zimbabwe great is its culture.

The Mutapa Empire

  1. The Kingdom of Mutapa - sometimes referred to as the Mutapa Empire, Mwenemutara.
  2. Was a Shona kingdom which stretched from the Zambezi through the Limpopo rivers to the Indian Ocean in southern Africa.

Other kingdomes

  1. Some of the others kingdoms are Sahelian kingdom and are the iron age empires.
  2. One other empire was the Ethiopian empire.

European Colonies

Many powerful countries a came down into to Africa and made some parts of it into colonies.

Clashes

  1. Europeans fought the Africans over slaves and land.

The union

  1. The Union of South Africa is the historic predecessor to the present-day Republic of South Africa. It came into being on 31 May 1910 with the unification of four previously separate British colonies

Colonization

  1. Most Europeans colonized most of Africa, but they left the middle untouched.

Which European country conquered the most land.

  1. The French conquered the most land.

Independance

  1. The Africans finally got freedom and where granted more rights.

The otto man empire

  1. The where defeated by the allies in the great war.

Zimbabwe

  1. Robert Mugabe founded Zimbabwe.

Rights

  1. Most people gained equal rights.

Life in South Africa

  1. As in other regions of Africa, life differs from city to countryside.
  2. Many rural people continue to follow traditional ways of life.

Population paterns

  1. Africa has a average population yet most people are dying due to AIDS.

Ethnic groups

  1. There are abundance of different religions and groups and Africa.
  2. Ethnic groups are known to fight each other.
  3. Religion is one of the causes of conflict.

Religion and Languages

  1. The most popular religion in southern Africa is Christianity.
  2. The most common language in Africa is Arabic.

What is the most practiced religion in Southern Africa

  1. The most common religion is Christianity.

Life in South Africa

  1. In Africa there is a lot of crime.

Urban life

  1. Two thirds of south Africa now live in a urban life style.

Urban Growth and Change

  1. More and more people are able to afford to live in cities instead of villages.

Family and traditional life

  1. Almost every single African has a religion whether it is Muslim or Christianity.

South Africa today

  1. Even though Africa is starting to get most people to not live in poverty they still need to solve the to biggest problems in it,health issues and crime.

Health issue

  1. Africa struggles with huge health issues like AIDS and HIV.

Disease

  1. Some diseases in Africa include AIDS and HIV.
  2. One way most people get this is by people getting some one else DNA in them.
  3. The most common way is that most diseases are airborne or are cared by animals or bugs.

Progress and growth

  1. The population in Africa grew about 30 million which is good considering that most people don't live very long there.

Help from other counrties

  1. Eitheopa and Kenya are huge helpers when it comes to helping Africa.
  2. A huge group or organization called the UN are the biggest helpers when it comes to Africa.

Why is the life expectancy so low

  1. Due to all the disease in Africa most people get sick and die from it.

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