Photogram: A Photogram requires a piece of photo paper, items of your choice, and an enlarger. To create a photogram you put objects go your choice on top of the photo paper. Then, you will project light onto the paper exposing everything around the objects leaving a clear outline of your objects.
Pinhole Camera: A pinhole camera is a homemade camera that takes photos using a shoe box, a piece of tin foil, a piece of photo paper, and a post it(to use as the shutter). A pinhole camera photo will not look like a regular photo, the colors will be negative and it is extremely hard for it not to be at least a little blurry.
Shutter Speed: The shutter speed controls how much light is allowed into the camera. The faster the shutter speed the less light allowed into the camera, which makes it better for when it is bright outside, also it freezes fast moving objects. When the shutter speed is lower, it allows more light into the camera making it better for darker situations and creating more of a blurred effect.
I use a slow shutter speed and drag the zoom to make this blurred effect. (I call this one: Deep In Thought)
Using a slower shutter speed and tracking the object of interest creates a panning effect.
Aperture: Aperture is the hole that the light goes through when the shutter is opened. This smaller the aperture number the bigger hole. The largest aperture on our camera's is f/2.8, this will cause a low depth of field making the background blurry. The Smallest aperture is f/22 which will let in the least amount of light and allow a large depth of field meaning more of the background is in focus.
Low Aperture=big hole=low depth of field
larger aperture=small hole=large depth of field
3-point lighting: Three point lighting is the best way to shoot portraits, it consists of three different lighting points. one light behind the subject that makes the dace the center of focus. Two lights in front of the of the model to brighten the face and eliminate blemishes. Then there is the hair light to create a nice focused look of the the subject as a whole.
Example of three point lighting
Story telling: Photos are one of the best ways to tell a story. we used five polaroid shots to tell stories with clear meanings. We needed to use similar themes and photos to paint a clear picture.
Black and White film processing
5ml D76, 5ml water solution. around 8 minutes
load negs into negative carrier
Dry Mount: This is the process how we give our prints a nice boarder. we use the drier and iron to heat seal the photo to the cardboard. We use tissue to keep the photo from burning. Then place in the oven for 3 min and then under heavy weight for 5 min.
Camera exposure: This is how much lights allowed to be in the photo. The exposure is controlled by the shutter speed and aperture.
Film Camera: For film cameras you need to manually load the film. You get about 24 shots From one roll, it is essential that before the film is developed it is not exposed to any light: it will ruin the photo.