The Northern Renaissance By: Emma ross

Northern Renaissance

  • The most influential regions during the Northern Renaissance were Germany, Flanders, and the Netherlands.
  • Devotional works were very popular during the Northern Renaissance, Christians used these works to immerse themselves in the details of Christ’s Passion.
  • The center of the European Renaissance movement was in Italy. Over time, however, the ideas and influence of the Italian Renaissance spread to other areas of Europe.


  • a German painter, printmaker and theorist from Nuremberg. His still-famous works include the Apocalypse woodcuts, Knight, Death, and the Devil (1513), Saint Jerome in his Study (1514) and Melencolia I (1514).
  • His watercolours mark him as one of the first European landscape artists


  • German painter, draftsman, and designer, renowned for the precise rendering of his drawings and the realism of his portraits, especially those recording the court of King Henry VIII of England.
  • Holbein was a member of a family of important artists. His father and uncle were renowned for their conservative examples of late Gothic painting in Germany.

Van Eyck

  • A Flemish painter and one of the leading Flemish painters of the Netherlandish Renaissance, he mastered the art of oil painting, which was a new invention.
  • He is considered one of the most talented painters of 15th century Europe and is best known for his realistic figure painting, usually on religious subjects, and portrait art.


  • He was an astoundingly inventive painter and draftsman. Bruegel settled in Antwerp, where he became a master in the painters’ Guild of Saint Luke between 1551 and 1552.
  • He began an association with Hieronymus Cock, whose Antwerp publishing house, At the Four Winds, produced prints of many subjects, from morals to landscapes.


  • A humanist who was the greatest scholar of the northern Renaissance, the first editor of the New Testament, and an important figure in patristics and classical literature.
  • Erasmus helped lay the groundwork for the historical-critical study of the past Using the philological methods pioneered by Italian humanists.
  • "Giver light, and the darkness will disappear of itself."


  • An English lawyer and scholar whose writings became famous throughout Europe in the early sixteenth century.
  • In 1516 the first edition of More's Utopia was published and it criticized many aspects of life in Europe and created a whole new type of writing and view on life.
  • "Earth has no sorrow that heaven cannot heal."

Christine de Pizan

  • French poet and author whose diverse writings include poems of love, a biography of Charles V of France, and works defending women.
  • At 15 she married Estienne de Castel, who became court secretary. She widowed after 10 years of marriage and she took up writing in order to support herself and three young children.
  • Her first poems were ballades of love written to the memory of her husband. These verses were successful, and she continued writing ballads, rondeaux, lays, and complaints where she expressed her feelings.

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