Time period the group moved west
The Cherokees moved west in the early 1800's
Native American tribes walking on the trail. A woman wiping away a tear, emphasizes the Trail of Tears.
Who was part of the group?
Different tribes including: Cherokee, Choctaws, Creek, Chickasaws etc... Families traveled together in groups consisting, women, children, young & old.
3 Important individuals who were part of the group
Tsali Wasituna, ( Charlie Washington ) was a Cherokee who killed a soldier who mistreated his wife. After, he managed to run away to the Great Smokies with his family.
Chief John Ross got permission from the army to delay the departure of the rest of Tsali's tribe until cooler weather. Ross wanted to prevent illness & death
Lastly, Ezekiel Proctor who's father was non-Indian. His mother was full blood Cherokee. He was still considered Cherokee.
For what reasons did they move west?
President Andrew Jackson made a policy of removing Indian tribes from their ancestral lands to make room for white settlers & often for speculators who made large profits from the purchase & sale of land.
President Andrew Jackson and the Indian Removal Act
A political cartoon showing President Andrew Jackson with Native Americans
Where did they locate to in the west?
The route for all of the tribes during the Trail of Tears.
They moved to lands west of the Mississippi.
What was the journey like for them?
The journey was long & hard for them. The journey became a cultural memory as the " trail where they cried " for the Cherokees & other remove tribes. An estimated 4,000 died from hunger, exposure, & diseases such as Smallpox, Typhus ( type of rash ), Malaria, & other diseases. Along the way Americans treated them badly, the guards would hurt them, they both got into fights mostly. And if a loved one passed away you could not dig them a ditch to lay in.
This picture shows an Indian tribe on the Trail of Tears during the winter
What was life like for them once they got there?
Cherokee Indians growing crops
Life for the tribes was hard and complicated because they did not want to leave in the first place, so they were unhappy. Also, land wasn't as well so it was hard for them to grow many crops.
Trail of Tears ( Video on Classroom )
Book: Only The Names Remain by Alex W. Bealer
By: Sasha Franco