Africa: Past and Present Abby Kieffer, Bryan Carpenter

Land Use:

The main purpose the people of Africa use their land is for Subsistence farming. They only make enough to use for themselves to eat, etc. This is causing them to not have any money, simply because they have nothing to sell.

Natural Resources

Africa has around 1/3 of the worlds valuable Jewels and minerals. They mine over half of the world's gold as well. Africa contains a surplus of Diamonds and platinum as well.

GDP Per Capita:

The five nations in Sub-Sahara Africa with the highest GDP per capitas are:

  • :Mauritius-$12,800
  • South Africa-$11,100
  • Botswana-$9,200
  • Seychelles-$7,800
  • Namibia-$7,300

These nations have a higher GDP per capita because their government is not as corrupt and they have more natural resources. There are 16 nations with a GDP per capita that is $1000 or less.

Down below are two of the five nations with the highest GDP. The first one has the lowest of the five, the second one has the highest of the five.

Democratic Republic of Congo:

In the democratic Republic of Congo they have Tantalum, Tungsten, and Tin. The mines that they get the ores from are controlled by armed rebel groups which these groups control the mines by force.

Life Expectancy:

In Africa, there are 28 of the 31 countries with HIV/AIDS. The average life expectancy in Africa is only 35 years. There are around 28.5 million people on Africa with these diseases.

Power Trading Empires:

The kingdom of Ghana participated in the Trans-Saharan trade network. They traded with North African countries just like the kingdom of Mali and Songhai. Ghana traded their gold for Songhai's salt.

Slaves on the Trans-Saharan Network:

The North African Muslim tribes traded for African slaves. According to the Islamic law, the Muslims could not enslave other Muslims. The African and Muslim slave traders used male slaves to server in the military, and the female slaves were usually used as maids. The biggest different between European and Muslim African enslavement was that the Europeans were lots more harsh to their slaves than the Muslims were.

King Mansa Musa and Timbuktu:

Mansa Musa was the most important king of Mali. He was worth about $400 billion; thought to be the richest person to live. Mansa Musa carried around 12 tons of gold, and devalued the price of gold because he gave so much away on his Hajj. On his Hajj, be brought: 80 camels, each carrying 300 pounds of gold, 60,000 people, and his wife's 500 attendants. Timbuktu was the center of where all scholars studied mathematics, law, music, literature, religion.

Ibn Battuta:Explorer:

Ibn Battuta was 21 when he set out from Morocco. He traveled nearly 75,000 miles and spent 29 years on his journey exploring. When his travels were over he settled in Fez to dictate his memoir. He then wrote his book about travel called the Rihla and shared it with the Europeans. This caused a lot of problems for Africa. He then died at the age of 64.

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