Active and Passive voice
- The subject is doing the acting
- More concise than passive voice
The pitcher threw the ball.
The batter ran the bases.
The outfielder caught the ball.
- More wordy than active voice
- the subject receives that action of the verb
The ball was thrown by the pitcher.
The bases were being run by the batter.
The ball was being caught by the outfielder.
Progressive and Perfect Tense
-a tense of verbs used in describing action that has been completed
- (have + present participle)
forms of have:
- will have
Present Perfect: perfective tense used to express action completed in the present
- EX: I have finished putting on the ornaments.
Past Perfect: a perfective tense used to express action completed in the past
- EX: I had finished cutting down the Christmas tree.
- a form of the auxilary verb "be" and present participle of the main verb
- (be + present participle)
Forms of Be
- will be
- We are eating candy canes.
- She was drinking nutmeg.