Voltaire G.O. Hunter Jackson Per. 6

Biography & Views: "Voltaire" or Francis Marie Arouet was the leader of the French Enlightenment. He wrote many works covering topics like religions and their tolerance and tolerances of people towards those religions, how war can come out of such a thing, persecution made falsely by people, and so on. He was also a critic of the Old Regime focusing on the superstition, religious fanatics, persecution, censorship, the list going on. After spending two years in Britain he found a fascination and adrimation for liberty, toleration, and along with those science. Voltaire saw christians already believing in god, yet almost hating them, seeing them kill, trick, and humiliate people just for being outside their religion. From this he's wanted equality between beliefs, not wanting intolerance, superstition, persecution, and fanaticism come to war and death.

Works: Voltaire has works called "Candice", "Treatise on Tolerance", and the "Philosophical Dictionary", covering war, dogma, tolerance, superstition, persecution, and fanaticism.

Influence: Voltaire gives influences on how we should tolerate everyone, even when considering you have different beliefs, to not hurt someone because they seem weird or have a certain voice , color , and tattoo. He has shown us that war shouldn't be the first choice to resolve differences, or a choice for taking out aggression and hate. That we shouldn't persecute some just on their beliefs. We should have a equal understanding of other people.

Focus Questions Answered:

  1. Voltaire favored toleration of all religions, even toleration of people without a religion.
  2. Religious toleration is very important because without it, things could lead to war. It also keeps equality between religions.
  3. Voltaire ridiculed Christian theological disputation because of their intolerance and their violent way of solving differences.
  4. Voltaire meant fanaticism as a way to explain extremes people went to with differences between beliefs, with him then saying this would be solved if you went through becoming a philosopher or a person with a "philosophical spirit".
  5. People persecuting people based on just having different opinions, made it seem like the persecutors were "ceaselessly employed in the destruction of your works".
  6. Religion, science, and law contributed to evil in persecutors by how they would the studies, beliefs, and laws against you, just because your different.
  7. In Voltaire's eyes war is bad having people die in wars that don't deserve to die, as well as it not being a ration way of settling differences between beliefs, studies, etc. Even when war isn't about that it still takes many life's and death surrounds everything during war making it a horrible event that doesn't make a better world or really help anything, most of the time.

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