The foundations of reform was the attempt to reform the American society. Many movements were created due to this. Some of the movements were the Secind Great Awakening and transidential.
The abolitionists were people, both black and white, who wanted an end to slavery. People such as Fredrick Douglass, Sojourner Truth, and Harriet Tubman. These people were famous for protesting against slavery and marked history.
The women's rights movement was a movement that wanted women's suffrage and owning property. Led by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, feminists from across America protested against the unfairness that woman received. As a result, many states began to pass laws that gave woman more rights.
A woman by the name of Dorothy Dix went to teach in a prison and noticed that everything there was trashed and was in severely poor conditions. Dorothy Dix went to other prisons to see if the conditions were the same and they were. Dix was infuriated and began the prison reform, which demanded better prison conditions for the accused.
Woman, men, and children were abusing alchohal all across America. The temperant movement wanted people to ban alchohal in the states. The reform was successful, and was strengthened even more in the late 1800s
Because if cost, few children attended school, which caused the intellectual fate to drop considerably. The public education reform, created by Horace 'Mann, wanted to give all children the chance to go to school and get an education. Although the opportunity to go to school increased, many children still didn't have the opportunity to go, such as girls and really poor children.