Biotechnology / GMOs Maddie owen and natalie allison

A GMO, or genetically modified organism, is a plant, animal, microorganism or other organism whose genetic makeup has been modified using recombinant DNA methods

Practice Implements

Most countries besides the USA requires labeling for GMOs on food and all other items. This photo shows the countries that require and do not require labeling.
  • An overwhelming amount of American consuners favor mandatory labeling of foods with genetically engineered ingredients
  • Many large food companies want to block mandatory labeling for these GMOs because they said it would be too expensive and unnecessary and confusing to buyers.

Advantages

  • It allows for more profit
  • It introduces the knowledge of genetic alterations
  • It is economically efficient
  • It decreases food prices
  • It adds more nutritional value to crops
  • Its products are found to be safe

Disadvantages

  • It can be dangerous to all organisms that are in out ecosystem
  • It sparks concern on the field of agriculture
  • It can damage the environment
  • It causes unwanted residual effect
  • It can create more weeds
  • It threatens crop diversity
  • It has trade isues

Popularity

  • GMOs dominate the United States with millions of acres of farmland.
  • South American has been known to grow GMOs in soybean and corn growing regions.
  • Other countries have been slower to adapt the GMOs in comparison to the United States
Above is a photo of the widespread use of GMOs in all of the countries

Practical Examples

  • Crops such as corn and soy beans which are the most common
  • Foods to enhance their color and size
  • Animals to geetically transfer materials to enhance the species or organism

How they are implemented

They are normally ejected from one species of animal, crop or food and into another to come up with a solution to the problem or try to enhance the effects on which they occur. These could be the growth rate of the crops, the size of the strawberries and the color of a rat.

Soil Quality

It lessens the soil quality when planting crops and using weed killer because of these reasons...

  1. It leaves a field open to erosion
  2. Runoff to waterways
  3. Release of Carbon Dioxide
  4. A contributor to greenhouse gases
  5. Major cause of global warming

Herbicide tolerant crops lead to..

  1. Less tilling of the soil
  2. Improved soil health
  3. Water retention
  4. Reduced runoff
  5. Reduced greenhouse gases

Citations

https://www.nongmoproject.org/gmo-facts/

https://www.bio.org/articles/genetically-engineered-animals-frequently-asked-questions

https://greengarageblog.org/13-main-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-gmos

https://usrtk.org/gmos/

http://www.motherjones.com/blue-marble/2013/02/gmo-farming-crops-more-popular-than-ever-world-charts

https://gmoanswers.com/studies/how-do-gm-crops-impact-soil-health

Created By
Maddie Owen
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