Southern Africa ~~~Bailey Outt~~~

Land Forms & Bodies Of water

Land forms & bodies or water play an important part in many different ways. The bodies of water help with shipping goods to different parts of the world, and land forms are great tourists.

Land forms

A land form is a feature on the Earth's surface that is part of the terrain. Mountains, hills, plateaus, and plains are the four major types of land forms. Minor land forms include buttes, canyons, valleys, and basins. Tectonic plate movement under the Earth can create land forms by pushing up mountains and hills.

Oceans and continents illustrate the largest grouping of land forms. They are they further sub categorized into many different land forms based on their physical features and shapes. Examples of distinctive land forms include mountains, valleys, plateaus, glaciers, hills, loses, deserts, shorelines, and plains. Features such as volcanoes, lakes, rivers, mid-ocean ridges, and the great ocean basins are also part of land form features.

Mountains are lands physical features protruding high beyond the hills and very high up the land surface with steep top commonly shaped up to a peak. They are created through the action of incredible forces in the earth such as volcanic eruptions. Often, mountains occur in the ocean compared to land and some are seen as mountain islands as their peaks protrude out of the water. Mountain formation result from the forces of erosion, volcanic, or uplifts in the earth’s crust.

Bodies of water

Three major river systems are the Zambezi,Limpopo,and Orange, and the Orange river drain most of Southern Africa.

Question--"Which type of land form is common in south Africa?"

Answer--Mountains and plat


The climate in Southern Africa is hot and humid.

Temperate Zones

Temperate zones are each of the two belts of latitude between the torrid zone and the northern and southern frigid zones.

Desert Regions

Western south Africa, western Namibia,and much of Botswana are arid.

Along the coast, the Namibia gets very little rain.

In some years, no rain falls.

Fog and dew provide small plants with the moisture they need to survive.

Question: "Why are temperatures in southern Africa's tropical countries generally not hot?"

Answer:There not as close to the equator

Natural resources

Southern Africa is the continent's richest region in natural resources.Mineral resources have helped the Republic of South Africa, in particular, to build a strong economy. In other countries, like Angola and Namibia, such resources provide the only source of wealth.

Question: “What natural resources are found in Southern Africa, and why are they important?”

Answer: Mineral resources have helped the Republic of South Africa

Southern Africa is the continent's richest region in natural resources.Mineral resources have helped the Republic of South Africa, in particular, to build a strong economy. In other countries, like Angola and Namibia, such resources provide the only source of wealth.

Energy resources

1.)The republic of south Africa, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Mozambique mine and burn coal from their own deposits to produce most of their electric power.

2.)Namibia has oil and natural gas deposits,too, and they are slowly being developed.

minerals and other resources

1.) Namibia is one of Africa's richest countries in mineral resources.

2.)It is an important producer of tin, zinc, copper, gold, silver, and uranium.


1.) Southern Africa is known for its verity of animal life.

Question: How does deforestation affect the energy supply in the region?”

Answer: Less trees

Lesson two

History of southern africa

Rise Of Kingdoms

1.) Southern Africa's indigenous people have inhabited the region for thousands of years. Some lived as hunter-gatherers.

great Zimbabwe

1.) Around the year A.D. 900, the Shona people built a wealthy and powerful kingdom in what is now Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

2.) The capital was a city called Great Zimbabwe.

The mutapa empire

1.) In the late 1400s, the Shona conquered the region between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers from Zimbabwe to the coast of Mozambezi.

2.) The Portuguese arrived and took over the coastal trade in the 1500's.

other kingdoms

1.)A series of kingdoms rose and fell on the island of Madagascar from the 1600s to the 1800s.

2.) Some of the early kingdoms were influenced by Arab and Muslim culture.

European colonies

1.) Around 1500, Portugal and other European countries began establishing settlements along the African coast.

Clashes in south Africa

1.) During the 1600s till about the 1800s Europeans set up trading posts but did not establish colonies, which are large territories with settlers from the home country.

The union of south Africa

1.) Wars in Europe gave Britain control of the Cape Colony in the early 1800s.

colonialism in other areas

1.) While the British and the Boers competed for South Africa, other European countries were competing over the rest of Afica.

question:“Which European country claimed the most territory in Southern Africa in the 1800s?”

answer: britian

independence and equal rights

1.) French rule in Madagascar ended in 1960, making it the first Southern African country to gain independence.

The end of Portuguese rule

1.) While other European nations gave up their African colonies, Portugal refused to do so.

The birth of Zimbabwe

1.) After granting Malawi and Zambia independence, Britain prepared to free neighboring Zimbabwe, then called Southern Rhodesia.

equal rights in south africa

1.)After independence, the growth of South Africa's mining and other industries depended on the labor of black Africans, who greatly outnumbered the country's whites.

2.) The white minority government stayed in power by limiting the black population's educational and economic opportunities and political rights.

3.) English South Africans controlled the government until the end of World War 2.

lesson three

life in southern africa

The people of the region

1.) The population of Southern Africa is overwhelming black African.

Population patterns

1.) Southern Africa's countries vary widely in population.

2.) Fewer then 2 million people live in the small countries of Lesotho and Swaziland.

3.) South Africa, which surrounds both of them, has the region's largest population- about 49 million.

Ethnic and culture gruops

1.)Africans are not a single people.

2.) Southern Africa home to many ethnic and cultural groups who speak several different languages.

3.)Tsonga people are spread among the counties of South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique.

religion and languages

1.)Southern Africa's colonial past has also influenced its peoples religious beliefs.

2.) In almost every country, most of the people are Christians.

Question - “What is the main religion practiced in Southern Africa?”

Answer- Christianity

Life in southern Africa

1.) As in other regions of Africa, life differ's from city to countryside.

Urban life

1.) Although most people in the region of Southern Africa live

urban growth and change

1.) The rapid growth of some cities has strained public utilities services such as trash collection, sewage treatment, and water distribution.

2.)Luanda, for example, has many, has had many problems proving enough clean water for its many people.

3.)Outbreaks of cholera and other diseases have resulted from drinking polluted water.

family and traditional life

1.)People who move to the cities must adjust to new experiences and a different way of life.

2.)In the countryside, traditional ways of life remain strong.

Question - “Where in their countries do most Southern Africans live?”


southern Africa today

1.) Southern Africa's wealth of mineral, wildlife, and other resources may be the key to its future

health issues

1.) Life expectancy in South Africa is low


1.)Malaria, a tropical disease carried by mosquito, is a problem in several countries.

2.)Dysentery and cholera, potentially fatal diseases caused by bacteria in water, are also widespread.

3.)Malnutrition is cause of death for many infants and young children.

progress and growth

1.)Angola and Mozambique continue to rebuild the cities and towns, industries, railroads, and communication systems that have been damaged or destroyed by years of civil war.

2.)Oil exports in Angola and aluminum exports in Mozambique help finance this effort.

help from other countries

1.)The unites states has used economic aid to strengthen democracy and Southern Africa.

2.)These problems mirror the challenges that many other countries in Southern Africa also confront.

Question - “Why is life expectancy in Southern Africa so low?”

Answer- It is so low because of the lack of food and water resources and the many disease's.


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