Land Forms & Bodies Of water
A land form is a feature on the Earth's surface that is part of the terrain. Mountains, hills, plateaus, and plains are the four major types of land forms. Minor land forms include buttes, canyons, valleys, and basins. Tectonic plate movement under the Earth can create land forms by pushing up mountains and hills.
Oceans and continents illustrate the largest grouping of land forms. They are they further sub categorized into many different land forms based on their physical features and shapes. Examples of distinctive land forms include mountains, valleys, plateaus, glaciers, hills, loses, deserts, shorelines, and plains. Features such as volcanoes, lakes, rivers, mid-ocean ridges, and the great ocean basins are also part of land form features.
Mountains are lands physical features protruding high beyond the hills and very high up the land surface with steep top commonly shaped up to a peak. They are created through the action of incredible forces in the earth such as volcanic eruptions. Often, mountains occur in the ocean compared to land and some are seen as mountain islands as their peaks protrude out of the water. Mountain formation result from the forces of erosion, volcanic, or uplifts in the earth’s crust.
Bodies of water
Question: "Why are temperatures in southern Africa's tropical countries generally not hot?"
Answer:There not as close to the equator
Question: “What natural resources are found in Southern Africa, and why are they important?”
Answer: Mineral resources have helped the Republic of South Africa
1.)The republic of south Africa, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Mozambique mine and burn coal from their own deposits to produce most of their electric power.
2.)Namibia has oil and natural gas deposits,too, and they are slowly being developed.
minerals and other resources
1.) Namibia is one of Africa's richest countries in mineral resources.
2.)It is an important producer of tin, zinc, copper, gold, silver, and uranium.
1.) Southern Africa is known for its verity of animal life.
Question: How does deforestation affect the energy supply in the region?”
Answer: Less trees
History of southern africa
Rise Of Kingdoms
1.) Southern Africa's indigenous people have inhabited the region for thousands of years. Some lived as hunter-gatherers.
1.) Around the year A.D. 900, the Shona people built a wealthy and powerful kingdom in what is now Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
2.) The capital was a city called Great Zimbabwe.
The mutapa empire
1.) In the late 1400s, the Shona conquered the region between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers from Zimbabwe to the coast of Mozambezi.
2.) The Portuguese arrived and took over the coastal trade in the 1500's.
1.)A series of kingdoms rose and fell on the island of Madagascar from the 1600s to the 1800s.
2.) Some of the early kingdoms were influenced by Arab and Muslim culture.
1.) Around 1500, Portugal and other European countries began establishing settlements along the African coast.
Clashes in south Africa
1.) During the 1600s till about the 1800s Europeans set up trading posts but did not establish colonies, which are large territories with settlers from the home country.
The union of south Africa
1.) Wars in Europe gave Britain control of the Cape Colony in the early 1800s.
colonialism in other areas
1.) While the British and the Boers competed for South Africa, other European countries were competing over the rest of Afica.