Scientists agree that one of the key contributors to climate change is "'the greenhouse effect'"-- atmospheric warming that results when the atmosphere traps heat radiating from Earth toward space." The greenhouse effect essentially keeps the Earth warm with room to grow even warmer.
The greenhouse effect is mainly caused by several "greenhouse gases," which include water vapor, nitrous oxide, methane, and carbon dioxide. All of the greenhouse gases, except water vapor, are created by human activities.
Hurricanes form over warm water when warm air rises and higher pressure creates a swirling system of clouds and wind.
With rising sea levels, ice melting, and shifting rain patterns comes an increased chance for more frequent and intense hurricanes. Water temperatures are rising, and this warmer water creates the perfect conditions for a hurricane to form.
One way to reduce greenhouse gases is to turn to renewable energy such as wind, solar, and heat.
"By 2025, a 25% electricity standard could lower carbon dioxide emissions by 277 million metric tons annually."
"By investing in energy technology, greenhouse gas emissions could be reduced by 430 million metric tons annually by 2050."
Climate change has definitely effected Sudan's climate, but it also creates vulnerability and instability in its economy and government.
Severe drought creates famine and conflict can ensue over scarce natural resources. Food shortages and diminishing resources force many people to seek refuge in urban centers, putting economic strain on these centers and weakening its stability and security.
Poverty contributes to the instability that can come from droughts and other effects of climate change. Sudan ranks among the poorest countries in the world. If conflicts were to occur after a long period of drought or famine, the poorest in Sudan would be the first to head to urban centers to have shelter and food. Food shortages would grow increasingly low, increasing the chance of conflicts. A country with war, drought, famine, and little money would not be able to recover.
"One in two people living in Sudan is impacted by poverty."