What were the typical lives of the people in each Caste System? How well did they live? How did they perform their duties?
The Brahmins were the highest social class people in the Caste System. They were right to be known as priests and religious scholars. The Brahmins would teach adults and kids about the Vedas, an old collection of sacred texts, and had to study the specific meanings about these stories themselves . One of the examples was a story about Ramayana, a man called Rama who fought fiercely in a battle with a demon called Ravana. This Veda teaches people to be brave and have courage, and be a trustful/loyal person.
The Kshatriyas also held some power. They were rulers and warriors who always remained respectful to their beliefs and daily lives. Kshatriyas especially had to follow dharma, which is following the duty that fits your Caste. They needed to be successful and skilled for handling weapons to be prepared for battles. They possibly had to perform hard training for battling and speak well to crowds for the lower class Caste people to look towards them.
The Vaishyas were people who produced well items to every person through the Caste System. They were herders and merchants who created architects and sculptures. In addition, they looked after farm animals that could produce food or wool that they could sell. Vaishyas were respected by making things the other people purchased to make a living. They probably worked in shops or factories to make items they could sell and ship to earn money.
The Shudras were the lowest place in the society of the Caste System. They were people who worked hard day and night to make a living. Farmers, servants, and labourers were represented from the Shudras. They needed to drag plows and grow crops on the farms. They yet needed to help their owners with chores and hard tasks. Overall, the Shudras became called the 'Untouchables'. The activities that were involved with their lives were the dirty and lowly people tasks. Plus they weren't allowed to enter many temples or learn at schools.
What did Prince Siddhartha dream of when he was meditating? What recognisable dreams and understatement did he finally know after the meditation? Did he reach enlightenment? What does this teach us to do?
As Prince Siddhartha started meditating under the tree that soon became known as the Bodhi, the enlightenment tree, he was getting closer to his powerful thoughts of almost seeking enlightenment. Through the meditation he realised the nature and wonders of reality, the ways to reach Nirvana, and to end the suffering that has been happening in the outer world. Finally, Prince Siddhartha understood the importance and significance of karma, and how your past lives determine your future with the greatness of samsara. He found enlightenment and got freedom out of the cycle of rebirth and eventually end all suffering. Then, Prince Siddhartha became the Buddha, the awakened one. The basic principles of Buddhism are called the 4 Noble Truths. These basic principles are shared by the Buddha to inspire people to follow the eightfold path to escape suffering and somehow find some enlightenment.
The 4 Noble Truths
- Suffering is present in all things, and nothing lasts forever.
- Suffering is caused by cravings.
- The way to end suffering is to give up your cravings.
- The way to give up all your cravings is to live life according to the eightfold path.
The Eight fold Path
- Right understanding
- Right purpose
- Right speech
- Right action
- Right way to earn a living
- Right mindfulness
- Right concentration
- Right Effort