Roaring 20s social

A countdown of the top 10 Social events

10. Celebrities and their impact

Charlie Chaplin

  • Most important figure in the history of the cinema
  • English comic, filmmaker
  • slapstick and pathos with a political and autobiographical edge

Gloria Swanson

  • actress in Hollywood
  • Biggest fashion icon of the century (beads, jewels, hair, peacock & ostrich feathers)

Josephine Baker

  • "Most Famous Woman in the World"
  • Radiated talent & confidence for all of the women
  • refused to perform for segregated audiences

9. Sensationalism, Advertisements, and Gangsters

  • Media was growing and radios were now in everyone's home.
  • "Penny Press" - one penny for one paper. News was accessible to everyone.
  • New revolved around photography.
  • Markets grew and so did advertisements to persuade buyers to shop at a specific store.
  • Newspapers and journals made stories more exciting at the expense of accuracy.
  • Gang killings were calculated business practices.
  • Gangsters controlled: liquor, gambling, and prostitution. They made silk suits, diamond rings, booze and broads popular.
  • This is number 9 because it just indicates the growing markets and the way news got around. It also indicates the impacts gangsters had which ultimately lead to bigger conflicts.

8. Family Life

  • Mother role: stay at home, cook, clean, and raise children. During the war time women began to work and support the family.
  • Father role: Work long hours to support the family.
  • Children: Normally worked in coal mines or textile factories before the 1920s. Then they began going to school and focusing on education.
  • This is number 8 because the changes in family life were important but it was a small change of the time period. Now it wasn't just reliant on the father to do everything and kids were now focusing on education rather than just working to support the family.

7. Women and their roles

  • Women began to work during the wartime. There was a 25% increase in working women.
  • Finally allowed to wear clothing convenient for activity (no skirts or corsets).
  • Divorce was made easier for women. They could file for divorce.
  • All women were given the right to vote.
  • Many began getting higher level education.
  • During the 1920's Woodrow Wilson's wife became the first woman to run the nation. 1st de facto women president.
  • This is 7 because it ties in with family life a little but it focuses obviously on females. Now females were gaining their own independence and rights as a citizen. As we can obviously see, the works on women's role is still in the process to this day.

6. Changing Morality - Flappers

  • A flapper is a fashionable young woman who has the intent to enjoy herself and by doing so she would flaunt conventional standards of behavior. Such as being reckless, fast living, smoking, driving automobiles, and wearing makeup, and also loved to dance.
  • This changed the morality of young women because many of them started to attend state colleges and universites
  • Women started to take control of their own lives. By showing and doing this they began to wear short skirts, bobbed their hair, listened jazz, and flaunted themselves for social acceptance.

5. Fundamentalists vs. Modernists/Scopes Trial

  • Fundamentalists beliefs: To follow the Bible and its authenticity
  • Modernist beliefs: Follow the Bible but believe that it can be changed for accuracy with the new findings of contemporary life.
  • Scopes Trial: John Scope illegally taught evolution and this sparked the debate between
  • This is number 5 because it sparked a major debate in the nation and changed the view on religion. This is an instance where science clashes with religion.

4. Prohibition Era

  • Drinking became popular after the American Revolution.
  • Which lead to the New Temperance movement,it was a movement in attempt to discourage people from getting intoxicated. It went in full affect January 16th, 1920.
  • By 1916 over half the states had banned alcohol.
  • 1919 the 18th amendment The Volstead Act, it prohibited the sale and manufacturing of alcohol.
  • The U.S. ended up loosing millions of dollars without the alcohol takes.
  • Prohibition was meant to stop crime and poverty, but it just made these things worse, this lead to the Repeal Movement.
  • President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the repeal of the Prohibition act on December 5th, 1933.

3. Innovation and Industrialization

Industry

  • Cars
  • Refrigorators
  • Telephones
  • New businesses

2. Religion

  • New scientific discoveries and theories flourished causing doubt on the biblical version of events.
  • This caused the great religion vs. science debate. It mainly concerned the idea of evolution which was by Charles Darwin.
  • Religion in the 1920's is similar to the Great Awakening because of people snapping our of their religious lulls and the Progressive Education Reform because of Dewey's new learning system that sparked angry fundamentalist parents.

1. KKK

  • Formed by the Ex-Confederate soldiers (1866)
  • Went from targeting blacks to targeting Catholics, Jews, and foreigners
  • Attacked the elite, urbanites, intellectuals
  • White supremacy
  • Dominated local and state politics ("Invisible Empire")
  • Had one of the biggest influences on the people of America

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