New York, founded 1664 carissa beaver

Peter Stuyvesant

  • Born in 1592 Scherpenzeel, in southern Friesland
  • He had two children such as Balthasar Lazarus Stuyvesant, Nicolaes Willem Stuyvesant.
  • Peter Stuyvesant went to University of Franeker
  • He entered military service in the West Indies in 1625


  • Not dominated by a specific religion which gave way to religious freedom for Quakers, Catholics, Lutherans, Jews and others.
  • New York Colony was founded as New Sweden, in 1626, by Peter Minuit and was later renamed New Netherlands.
  • Since New York became a colony they have been known for their strong religious tolerance.
  • Religion in the Colonies was extremely diverse and many religious groups.

Geography & Weather

  • The Middle Colonies had a mild climate with warm summers and mild winters.
  • They have mountains in the northeast, lowlands from Lake Ontario along the Canadian border.
  • New York is located along the Atlantic Ocean. New York has some mountains, some hills, and some plains.
  • There was war with the Indians over land because the Indians wanted land to grow crops and mostly, the English were growing crops there like potatoes, tobacco, and corn.


  • New York was often referred to as a breadbasket colony because it grew so many crops, especially wheat.
  • They had really big acres of farm land to grown the cops they needed.
  • Manufactured things such as plows, tools, kettles, locks, nails and large blocks of iron.


Created with images by Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the BPL - "The colonies in 1660, Virginia, Maryland, and the Dutch and Swedish settlements on the Delaware showing extent and dates of settlement" • Kuja - "New York, 2000"

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