The French Revolution and Napolean Bryant Landry, Jayla Slaughter, and Nyla Free

Travel to the past and experience the marvelous time of the French Revolution! Come enjoy our brand new inventions!

In 2244, a group of inventors have created the very first time machine and invited to partake in revisiting the time of the French revolution.

Causes of the French Revolution

1.) In the 50 years before the Tennis Court Oath, many problems corrupted France. 2.) France Experienced an economic collapse, population growth, unfair social structure with extreme amounts of starving hordes crowding the streets in desperate need of food for their growing families. 3.) 1786 Proposal of Revamp of Fiscal and Administrative systems of the state. 4.) 1787-1788 Bad harvests 5.) 1788 Debt Interest Spending constitutional half of government spending. 6.) July 14, 1789 Storming of the Bastille which caused the common people to gain ammunition and arms to further the Revolution.

Meeting of the Estates General
  • The meeting about the Estates General was brought upon by King louis XVI to propose solutions to his government’s financial problems. This meeting was held for several weeks in the month of May and June.
Creation of the National Assembly,Tennis Court of Oath, and policies of the National Assembly
  • • which existed from June 13, 1789 to July 9, 1789, was a revolutionary assembly formed by the representatives of the Third Estate of the Estates-General
  • • The Tennis Court Oath was important because it was the first step in the Third Estate of France forming an organized protest of the French government in the lead-up to the French Revolution
  • • was a pivotal event during the first days of the French Revolution. The Oath was a pledge signed by 576 of the 577 members from the Third Estate who were locked out of a meeting of the Estates-General on 20 June 1789.
Creation of the Legislative Assembly

1.) 1789 abolished local and provincial divisions and divided France into departments equal in size and population. 2.) October 1791 Legislative Assembly held its first session 3.) April 20, 1792 Declared War on Austria 4.) august 1792 Suspended monarchy and call for National Convention to decide future form of government 5.) New constitution gave unconditional power to 745 representatives which undertook administrative restructuring of France who oversaw financial, administrative, judicial, and eccelestiastical institutions

Creation of the National Convention and Committee of Public Safety

• The convention was brought on when the legislative assembly wasn’t able to work with the King so they decreed him and made a constitution with no Monarchy.• The convention was brought on when the legislative assembly wasn’t able to work with the King so they decreed him and made a constitution with no Monarchy.

• Although the Convention lasted until 1795, power was effectively stripped from theelected deputies and concentrated in the small Committee of Public Safety from April 1793

• assumed its role of protecting the newly established republic against foreign attacks and internal rebellion.

Trial and Execution of Louis XVI

• The former king was presented with 33 charges, each describing an act of betrayal, sabotage or failure of leadership. After weeks of testimony, legal argument and deliberation, all 693 of the National Convention’s deputies voted in favor of the king’s guilt

• On November 7th the National Convention’s legislative committee tabled a report asking “Is Louis XVI ‘judge able’ for the crimes he is imputed to have committed on the constitutional throne?”.

Reign of Terror
  1. Lasted from September 5, 1793- July 28,1794
  2. Instituted by the Committee of Public Safety where they tried to protect the Republic from internal adversaries who supported "tyranny and enemies of liberty". Victims included thousands of people including royalists, former revolutionary Girondins, peasants,and opposers to sans-culottes.
  3. The National Convention also formed armies to regain control over French cities which caused massive amounts of public deaths by guillotine over anyone who defied them
The Freench Directory

• Directory, group of five men who held the executive power in France according to theconstitution of the year III (1795) of the French Revolution. They were chosen by the new legislature, by the Council of Five Hundred and the Council of Ancients; each year one director, chosen by lot, was to be replaced.

• Discontent with Directory rule was increased by military reverses. In 1799 NapoleonBonaparte, the hero of the Italian campaign, returned from his Egyptian expedition and, with the support of the armyand several government members, overthrew the Directory on 18 Brumaire (Nov. 9) and established the Consulate.

Napolean's Rise to Power

• Born on the island of Corsica, Napoleon rapidly rose through the ranks of the military during the French Revolution (1789-1799). After seizing political power in France in a 1799 coup d'état, he crowned himself emperor in 1804.

• Napoleon Bonaparte was born on August 15, 1769, in Ajaccio, on the Mediterranean island of Corsica.

• In 1796, Napoleon commanded a French army that defeated the larger armies of Austria, one of his country’s primary rivals, in a series of battles in Italy. In 1797, France and Austria signed the Treaty of Campo Formio, resulting in territorial gains for the French.

Napolean's Domestic and Foreign Policies
  1. 1801 Napolean makes peace with Catholic church
  2. He made peace with the Catholic church to stabilize his regime. He brought all of France into seven codes laws. He recognized equality of all citizens, let his citizens choose professions, introduced religious toleration, and abolished feudalism and serfdom.
  3. He reestablished paternal conflict of families and limited ease of divorces by women and gave women less rights.
  4. His bureacracy were filled with people hired due to abilities shown in civil/military offices instead of birth or rank.
Napolean's downfall

With over 600,000 soldiers, France entered Russia. Russia refused to attack from and retreated deeper into their land. While retreating, Russia burned down crop fields and towns to make it hard for Napolean to feed and replenish his army. Frenchmen left due to heat, disease, and lack of motivation. Russia attacked and even though they suffered a defeat, they were successful at killing 30,000 French soldiers. French army then entered Moscow but found it scorched. Due to limited supplies, Napolean retreated in terrible winter conditions and arrived in Poland with only 40,000 men left.

This failure led to Napolean's exile to Elba while Borbon monarchy was reinstated. This did not last long, Napolean returned and overthrew the monarchy. On June 18, 1815He raised an army and attacked Prussia and Britain suffered a bloody defeat in the Battle of Waterloo. The victors exiled him to Saint Helena, where he spent the rest of his life at.

Credits:

Created with images by Goosefriend - "Nat'l Gallery Napolean"

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