One of the many streets that have been destroyed by the Syrian Civil War.
The Syrian Civil War is a conflict that has been going on for around 6 years now, and will probably go on for a few more. Each week, thousands of people are killed due to this war, and thousands are displaced as well. The war happened for certain reasons, and it has had a massive impact to Syria's land, and Syria's reputation.
In the Syrian war, there is two main sides that have been fighting in this war, and are the reasons that the war is still going on. They are not the only sides to this war, however, but they are the main ones. they are the rebels, or free Syrian army, and the government ruled by general Assad.
To continue on with what I said earlier, there is many sides to this war. Other sides consist of the United States, Russia, ISIS, the Kurds, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar. The sides that are with the rebels are the United States, Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar. The sides that are with Assad is Russia, and Iraq. The sides that are by themselves are Kurds and ISIS.
This war started way back in march 15, 2011 when Assad ordered security forces to shoot protesters dead while they were doing a march. This has been claimed to start the war. Because of this, many other events have happened, and it has been a very big domino effect to end up where it is today.
On July 2012, a bombing of the Syrians national security tower killed 4 top officials, and one of which was Assad's brother-in-law. This happened during a high-level government crisis meeting. In the summer of 2012, the fighting spread to Aleppo, and the rebels gained about half of the city, and the government gained half. They still fight to this day, and Aleppo is falling more and more into shambles. In 2012, Extremists join the rebels, and Assad decides to help them by releasing prisoners to make it harder for foreigners to back them.
Also in 2012, Iran is sending help to Assad, by sending in more troops to help fight the war. The gulf states see this, and start to send money to the rebels to counter this. So now, both sides are getting help, so there is no real advantage to either side.
Skip ahead a little bit, and in March 2013, the number of UN registered refugees has reached 1 million. Half of this population is children. Some of the refugees fled to Iraq, thinking that the land would be safer there, but because of Iraq working with Assad, 20,000 people were murdered each year. This was adding to the total death count of this war. The number will only grow from here on out. The U.S. decides to step up to the plate at this time, and start to train the rebels how to fight, using the CIA. This is also the time when Russia starts to back Assad, so there is two big groups backing different sides. U.S. with the rebels, and Russia backing Assad.
In August 2013, the United States accused Syrian for using chemical weapons. The death count for these chemical weapons had reached 1,400. But, in October 2013, Syria destroyed its chemical weapons. The number of UN refugees had reached 2 million by this point.
In 2014, Over disagreements with the rebels, A extremist group decides to break away, and they are called the Islamic States of Iraq and Syria. Also known as ISIS. They do not fight Assad however, but they instead fight another rebel group, called the Kurds.
Skip 1 year on and in 2015, UN has estimated that in Syria's conflict, they have killed more than 220,000 people, and has gotten rid of 7 million by either destroying or ridding them from their houses. When the refugees are fleeing, they are going against harsh winters and burning summers, which can make it even more difficult. The thing that makes this even worse, is that in child refugee centers see the children come in physically and mentally scarred, and it seems impossible to bring their life back together. It is not fair for anyone to live in these conditions, to be forced out of their own home and forced to leave their country. In February of 2015, Islamic States say that Jordanian killed a American hostage Kayla Jean Mueller, but it was later confirmed that she did indeed die, but not to a airstrike.
In later 2015, Russia bombs Isis, but doesn't in the end. Instead, they bomb the rebels, and the rebels were backed by the U.S. The most recent survey says that in April 2016, there has been a estimated 400,000 people that have died in this war. over 11 million Syrians have been displaced or forced to leave their homes. An estimated 6.6 million have gone to different countries, and 4.4 are still in Syria. That is about all on the history for now, but more history will be made until this war is completely over.
There is multiple ways this conflict came to be. There is not just one way it started, but the combination of all of these factors came together and started this war.
In "Syria's civil war", it states that “Initially, lack of freedoms and economic woes fueled resentment of the Syrian government, and public anger was inflamed by the harsh crackdown on protesters.” In this quote, it says that the lack of freedoms and economic woes caused the citizens to go against the Syrian government. Also, the way that the government handled protesters aided to the outrage of the public. Also, in "Syrian civil unrest", It says that "...anti-government demonstrations across the Arab world brought sudden and sweeping changes to the political landscape of the Middle East…" This sudden change brought with it a outrage from the people.
Another reason is because of a drought that happened in Syria. This caused everyone to move into the city for a drinkable water supply and they started to not trust the people around them. When conflict broke out, this uneasiness aided to the public's anger, and therefore aided to the wars reckoning. Some say that global warming is the cause of this, but there has been no confirmation that says that that is the case.
Even though this war isn't close to being finished, there is many effects that this war has brought on the land, the government, the people, and Syria as a whole. These are some of the effects that this war has created.
In the article "Syrian civil unrest", it states that “As of May 2016, some officials estimated that as many as 400,000 people had been killed in the war. This is no small number but compared to how many refugees there is, it will look pretty small. There is a estimated total of 11 million refugees, and 6.6 million have fled to different countries, and 4.4 million have been forced to leave their home but forced to stay in Syria.
In certain pictures (Like the picture behind the title) you can see that houses have been completely destroyed due to this war. They have been destroyed with weapons, throw-able explosives, and other destructive methods. This has forced people out of their homes and split the people from each other.
Another big effect that this war has had on Syria is that many other countries has severed their ties with Syria. This is very bad in the long run, because they wont have any allies if they get into a war with someone else. Also, this has caused conflict between the U.S. and Russia, as well as Iraq.
So in the end, the Syrian Civil War is a conflict that has happened due to the killing of protesters. This has displaced many (millions) from their homes, and killed hundreds of thousands. It is a ongoing war, and has been raging for 6 years. Maybe one day, both sides can see what they have been doing to each other, look at all of the destruction they have cause, see all the innocent people that have died due to themselves, and finally stop the god forsaken Syrian Civil War.
"Syrian Civil Unrest." Global Issues in Context Online Collection, Gale, 2016. Global Issues in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CP3208520407/GIC?u=nhais_hsao&xid=4a68839f. Accessed 6 Apr. 2017.
"War in Syria: Timeline of Key Events." TheNewArab. TheNewArab, 12 Mar. 2015. Web. 6 Apr. 2017.
"Syria: no way in, no way out." Daily Times [Lahore, Pakistan], 18 Feb. 2016. Global Issues in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A443508661/GIC?u=nhais_hsao&xid=a01c991c. Accessed 6 Apr. 2017.
"Syrian Civil War Timeline: Tracking Five Years of Conflict." The Independent. Independent Digital News and Media, 13 Mar. 2016. Web. 06 Apr. 2017.
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Soldiers in Syria. 2015. Independent, Syria.