A little bit about Canada
This is a picture of the capital of Canada, which is Ottawa.
Canada is a North American country. Before confederation in the year 1841 there were two British colonies which were called Upper Canada and Lower Canada. After confederation, in the year 1867 Canada was official and became a country. The capital city of Canada is Ottawa which was officially the capital of Canada in the year 1857. The capital city which is Ottawa was chosen by Queen Victoria. There are ten provinces of Canada, which are Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland & Labrador, British Columbia, Quebec, Prince Edward Island, and New Brunswick. The founders of the land of Canada were the First Nations, Metis, Inuit and Aboriginal people. Canada is a great country to live in but there are some things Canada can do better. The things that Canada can do better can help Canada become more sustainable in the future.
Problems that First Nations, Metis and Inuit people Face in canada and solutions to the problems
FNMI stands for First Nations, Metis and Inuit People. These people were the very first people to discover the land of Canada. Aboriginals/FNMI people represent 4 percent of Canada’s population. Canada is one of the most developed and economically succeeded countries in the world and is ranking 8th in the HDI (Human Development Index). There are many problems that the Aboriginals and FNMI people face.
This is a picture of FNMI people who are doing a protest or a parade in which they are trying to notify the Canadian Government to give them their rights and fulfill the promises they made.
This is a picture showing that everyone is equal no matter who or what they are.
As we had to write in our blogs in class, a problem that we have for FNMI people is that we don’t treat them fairly. People would be thinking that they receive more rights than us or equal rights because they were the first ones to discover the land of Canada but that’s not how it is, they are given way less rights than us.
A solution to this problems is very simple. It is to just simply give them all the rights that everyone else in Canada gets, for example Canadians. If this solution doesn’t work, there is another solution. People who do think that the FNMI and Aboriginals people are not treated right should take action and advocate for these people so that the government can be aware. I know that some people might be saying who cares it’s their problem but some people do care and those who do should be given a chance to get their voice out to the community.
Cultures and Traditions
This is a picture of FNMI celebrating one of their festivals which is called "Powwow".
Another problem that FNMI people face in Canada is something that we discussed in class which is that the FNMI people wanted to keep their culture and traditions but Canadians and the government wanted them to consider the Canadian culture, and leave their culture.
One solution for this problem is for the government to accept the FNMI and Aboriginals as they are, because the government has accepted others cultures and traditions so why not their culture. If the government accepts the Aboriginals and FNMI peoples culture then these people should accept the Canadian culture as well because everyone else in Canada has accepted the Canadian culture as well as their home culture. In other words I mean both people should accept each other's cultures/traditions.
This is a picture of FNMI people sitting with their family and look like they need to be treated.
FNMI people have poorer health. First Nations, Metis and Inuit people stay at a higher risk for being ill than Canadians. There is a more chance of these people getting constant diseases for example heart disease and diabetes.
A solution to this problem is that the Canadian Government should create a hospital near the FNMI peoples homes so if someone is in need they can take them to that hospital, just like others have in Canada. Basically, I mean they should be given the same medical facilities like others in Canada. Again, people who actually care for the FNMI and Aboriginal peoples should get together as a team and create a medical care place or a hospital and some FNMI people who do have good employment/jobs can contribute some money.
This is a picture of students who graduated from a university or college in Canada.
The First Nations, Metis and Inuit/Aboriginal people/kids have lower levels of education. According to Canada’s 2011 Aboriginal Survey statistics show that only 22.8 percent of Aboriginal people have finished high school and post secondary education.
A solution to this problem is that the Canadian government can ask the FNMI and Aboriginal peoples kids to come to a specific province for example, Ontario to educate themselves and then when they are done all their studies if they want they can go back or stay in that province to find a good job. Also while the kids are doing their studies here the government can help the kids by also giving them a home to live in. Or the Canadian government can make the kids a school where the FNMI and Aboriginal people live.
This is a picture of Aboriginal peoples housing.
Another hardship that the FNMI people face is insufficient housing and crowded places to live. They live in Attawapiskat First Nation, which is a private First Nation which is located in the Kenora District in Ontario, Canada near the north.
A solution to this problem is that the government should give these people homes until they find a good job and when they do the people should pay the government. Also the government can do this by getting the FNMI people to sign a contract in which it says that these people have to pay the government when they have money and get a good job. If this solution is not possible then, the government can maybe give the FNMI money so that they can build their own homes. When they are able to pay the government maybe they can do so because these people also don’t have good jobs and they need good jobs in order to have a lot of money.
This is a picture of the Canadian currency which is Dollars.
One hardship is that these people have low income levels. In 2010, the income for Canadians and non-aboriginal people is $30 195 whereas for aboriginals and FNMI people it was $20 701. The difference between the two incomes is by $9 494.
A solution to this problem is that each month maybe companies or people in need of workers/employees can have offers where people can apply for a job and the owner of the place can see if that person is suitable for the job or no. Or the government can maybe have a few people for example 15-20 people, each month to go to a specific province so they can find a good job because in the place they live there isn’t good income jobs.
This is a picture of the various types of jobs there are.
FNMI people have high unemployment rates. Which means that most FNMI people don’t work and don’t receive much money to afford a lot of things which relates to the other hardship these people face which is low income levels.
The solutions to the problem of income can also be used for the problem of unemployment as well. However another solution is that a few companies can open their offices/places where the FNMI people live so that they can live near their homes and they can also work.
This is a picture of a child getting food from the garbage and eating it.
A major issue that FNMI/Aboriginal people have to face is poverty. ¼ children in First Nations families live in poverty. 17.8 percent of FNMI people have a lack of money to buy food in Canada.
The solutions for the problem of income can also be used for this problem. But, a solution is that the government can lend these people some money to start off and again the FNMI can pay off the money after they get a good job and money.
Problems in Canada because of Immigration
As we discussed in class immigration is the action of people moving from one country to another. Another thing we discussed is the different types of immigration. Canada accepts four types of immigrants, which are Family Class that is, people who are related to residents living in Canada, Economic Immigrants that are skilled workers and business people, Refugees who are escaping their home country because of hardships they are facing in their home country and also other people that are accepted as immigrants for humanitarian and compassionate reasons.
Immigrants face language barriers. This is because they have to communicate to do almost everything, for example when they have to buy something at a store in order to know how much they have to pay, or when they have to get a job.
A solution to this problem is that the government of Canada can create specific schools in which newcomers go just to learn the language spoken in Canada which is English. Another solution is that someone can help the newcomers create a translator app in which they can translate everything they have to say and whatever someone has to say to the newcomers can do the same. Lastly, people who keep employees at a store or somewhere else can keep various different cultured employees so if newcomers need translators those employees could be there to help.
As we learned from our summative which was writing a story for grade 3’s and we wrote about some hardships in which I wrote about employment. This is a hardship because it is hard to find a job that is suitable because sometimes a job is to hard or it's not paying enough. Also, employment is a very important thing in an adult's life.
One solutions is that people who need employees can ask some of the newcomers to work for them and the newcomers can see which job suits them. Another thing that can be done is that the newcomers can give the government a list of what jobs are suitable for them and if anybody needs an employee for a job that is listed then the newcomers can slowly get suitable jobs.
This is a picture of FNMI housing
Another hardship is housing which we discussed in class. We had said that housing is a really big concern for everyone moving to a new country. This is very important because people can’t be living on roads, also everyone else in the country probably has a home so people like them deserve one too.
One solution that can be used for FNMI housing can also be used for immigrants housing which is that the government pays for the newcomers housing until they find a job to pay the government. If that solution doesn't work then maybe the people who want to give their basement on rent can put out flyers in English for people who know the language and in different languages so that the newcomers can know about it as well. I am pretty sure that newcomers can at least find a job to afford a basement which is also a home.
This is a picture of Aboriginal transportation
Another hardship is transportation issues which isn’t much of a big problem but still is a problem. Newcomers probably look at other people in the country/province and think about themselves when they were in their home country and maybe remember the time when they had a car. We can even look at ourselves we need transportation to travel to many places.
Some solutions are that the newcomers can probably afford to go on a bus or take a taxi as well because the minimum pay for an hour in Ontario now is $11.40. Or they can take a loan from someone or a company and buy a car and slowly pay off the loan when it is affordable for them.
This is a picture of the weather in Ottawa which is the capital city of Canada.
A problem that they face is adapting to the weather. This is hard because they need to know how to dress according to the weather, which is difficult to know because they are new here. This way they could get the flu and they could get ill.
A solution is that someone can help these people change the language of their phone or device so that they can read the weather and dress according to that. Or, Immigrants can call their neighbors or someone near them to ask them the weather, they probably have at least one person they know who is a permanent resident in the place they are living. (This is an option that is better to use if the other option doesn’t work or if there is no option left).
There is a problem that Canada specifically has because of immigration, which is population. Canada has a problem of population because more and more immigrants keep coming each year and about 200 000 immigrants come to Canada each year.
In order for the country of Canada not to get over populated the government should lower the amount of people that come to Canada each year. Another solution is to equally send immigrants to each province.
As we can see many of the problems immigrants face are related to the problems FNMI people face.
For this unit since this was done as a group, my group did Innuitian Mountains and I did an info graphic for the summative of UNIT 2, I am going to be talking about the problems in the Innuitian Mountains. The Innuitian Mountains are one of Canada’s land form regions. The Innuitian Mountains is a mountain range and is part of the Arctic Cordillera. This specific land form region is rarely explored. These mountains are made of metamorphic rock. The highest point of this mountain is Barbeau Park. There are many other problems in the Innuitian mountains however there are some problems that I found solutions to.
This is a picture of the Innuitian Mountains.
This is a picture of the few people that are visiting the Innuitian Mountains.
A problem is that the population in the innuitian mountains is very low because the innuitian mountains have a very cold climate.
They can create some indoor space like a greenhouse where there will be heat but the people can also see the view. Maybe if they want to create an indoor space they can put some little hanging things that start at the bottom where people go inside of it kind of like the Ferris wheel at Niagara Falls except it would go really high so that people can see the whole view from the sky over the mountains. Also in the indoor space there will be heat so it wouldn't be cold.
This is a picture of how permafrost looks like.
A problem in the innuitian mountains is that there is permafrost in the innuitian mountains so houses can’t be built.
Maybe they can dig up the part where they want to build the house and put wood as the flooring first and then on top something that would heat up but not cause fire and then on top again wood and then the tiles for the home. This way the floor will stay warm and the who house can stay home by the heating system which is in normal homes like we have in Brampton Ontario. Another thing that can be done is to not build the home straight on the permafrost or ground and to put strong poles that could hold infinite weight so the house can be built on the poles a little higher than the ground.
This is a picture of some vegetation and greenery seen in the innuitian mountains.
In the innuitian mountains there is limited vegetation because of the climate and permafrost, the only vegetation that is available is bushes, isolated trees, black spruce and tamarack. So people who go there and animals who live there don’t receive the food and vegetation that they need to survive.
Research shows that plants can still grow on frozen ground. Plants push their roots deep down under the frozen topsoil in order to receive liquid water instead of frozen water. The only other thing plants need is sun or heat and the plants can get that by the people making a greenhouse there so that plants can get heat and water, which is a solution to the problem of limited vegetation.
Freshwater bottling issues
Fresh water is defined as having low salt concentration. Freshwater is also naturally occurring water which is on the Earth’s surface as many things like underground/groundwater streams. Bottled water is bottling water that is packaged in plastic bottles. Sometimes bottled water can be carbonated but not always. Together fresh water and bottled water make fresh water bottling. Fresh water bottling is basically fresh water that is bottled. However, there are many problems that are caused because of fresh water bottling.
This is shipping freshwater bottling.
Freshwater is not freshwater?
This is a picture showing freshwater vs. dirty water. This also shows how big of a difference there is in the two types of waters.
Sometimes fresh water isn’t “fresh” water. This is because the water bottling companies just simply take groundwater, bottle it and ship it stores, companies and other places.
A solution to this problem is for the government to send some workers who are specifically experts at looking at water and checking if it is fresh or not. Or, the government can tell the bottlers that if they use not fresh and dirty water then they will have to close their company. This could just be to scare those companies who bottle dirty and not fresh water and since they won’t want their company they won’t use dirty and not fresh water.
This is a picture of plastic water bottles that go to landfills.
Every year about four billion pounds of plastic bottles end up in landfills and as litter on the ground. Also, when they end up in landfills it then causes pollution and affects our economy.
To stop polluting and effecting our environment we can discontinue purchasing bottled water because if we stop then the companies will stop creating bottled water. Also we can buy a sustainable, reusable water bottle in which we can fill tap water. Another way we can decrease the amount of bottled water we have is by hosting a ban bottle event which can raise awareness and can notify the corp-orators that water bottling affects our economy and environment in a big way which can also affects people's health, which includes the corp-orators.
This is a picture of plastic water bottles but then there is a sign saying no to it because it can be dangerous for peoples health.
Another big problem because of water bottling is that dangerous toxins from some plastic water bottles can get into the water everyone drinks.
This is a problem that is similar to the second problem. This problem can be solved if the government bans plastic water bottles then the companies wouldn’t be able to sell water bottles anymore either and instead they could start selling the fresh water in reusable bottles, if they want to.
This is a picture of the Nestle water bottling company.
Nestle Corporation is affecting people's health by bottling dirty water because sometimes they don’t have access to clean and fresh water.
There is a solution that is used in a different problem that can also be used for this problem which is the government sends some workers who are specifically experts at looking at water and checking if it is fresh or not. However, another solution is that the government can secretly send workers that will tell the Nestle corporation that they need a job but in real they are just going to go there to see if the company is using fresh water or dirty water and so they can tell the government and the government can first warn them but if they still don’t stop then the government can ban that company because people can become ill because of this and that can include the employees at the Nestle Corporation.
Traffic Problems in Canada
Traffic in Ontario
This is a picture of a specific city in Ontario which is called "Brampton". This map shows how much traffic there is in the city. In this map the darker the color so mahogany the more traffic there is in that spot, whereas lighter the color the less traffic there is. The lightest color on this map is green. (There is a legend for colors at the bottom of the map).
In Ontario there are many big things that are caused because of traffic. Toronto which is Ontario’s capital city is ranked second for the worst traffic jams. In Ontario there are many accidents that are caused because of traffic. This is a big issue because people get paralyzed or some even lose their lives.
Something that could be done so that accidents don't occur is to keep your eyes moving. So, if the driver sees traffic then the driver should try to avoid it and use a different route which wouldn’t have traffic. Another solution is that the driver who wants to go somewhere can look at a map which is available online and they can get a stand which they can put in their car in front of them while driving so that they can know which road doesn’t have traffic and which does. Most people probably wouldn’t want to look at a map on their device so they can get a GPS that shows them the traffic like it would online.
Traffic in British Columbia
This map shows where there is construction and it also shows upcoming closures.
A problem in British Columbia is that in the capital city which is Vancouver there is a lot of construction and road closures. This is something that causes traffic.
A solution is that the workers can do their work at night when not a lot of people are making use of the roads. Another solution to this problem is that the construction companies can notify drivers ahead of time so that they can try to avoid the road that is in construction zone as much as they can. Also so that the workers can finish their work quickly and secondly so that there wouldn’t be much traffic.
Traffic in Alberta
This is a picture of Downtown Edmonton traffic congestion.
Also in Alberta there is also traffic congestion just like there is in Ontario. Alberta ranks 5th in traffic. Even though it ranks 5th there is a lot of traffic jams there.
One solution is to let others pass you, so if you stop because of traffic and others around you are angry and are teasing you or something we shouldn’t do the same because an accident could occur, so it’s better to let people pass by when something like this happens. Another very good solution is to stay at the speed limit, because you could get into an accident by speeding and you might have to pay a fine or your licence would also be gone.
Traffic in Manitoba
This is one of the highways in Manitoba which is closed because of the weather conditions.
In the winters, in Manitoba the highways close when there is a blizzard or snow fall. This is hard for people who drive trucks, and for people who have to go far but also have to go to that place early. Lastly, because if they close highways then the people who use the highway will have to use the normal roads and that would cause traffic congestion, whereas if the highways were open some would use the highways which also means that the number of people on the normal roads would be divided.
A solution to this problem is that the government of Manitoba or Canada should not close the highways. People who really need the highway should convince them to not close the highway and provide them with persuasive reasons. One reason could be that when there are accidents doesn’t the government feel bad, just because it isn’t their family doesn’t mean that they shouldn’t care about them which I’m not saying they don’t. They can say that they are just trying to stop accidents from occurring. If the workers that clean roads on snow days can’t work that day then what's the use of that job. Lastly, If that job is created it should be used, so when there is a snow day then those workers should clean the roads early so that drivers can go and come from places easier.
By: Supreet Sandhu