Reconstruction in Texas

Reconstruction Begins In The Torn South

Reconstruction, after the Civil War, was the attempts to rebuild, reorganize, and rejoin the North and South.

Reconstruction needs to happen because all parts of the South and some parts of the North are in ruins. Some things that are destroyed are the South’s economy, transportation system, and cities. Following the war, Texas’s transportations systems were shut down for reconstruction and are still being reconstructed.

Two presidential plans

What was lincolns plan for reconstruction?

Lincoln issued the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction in 1863 to announce his intention to reunite the once-united states. But shortly after, Lincoln was assasinated.

What happened to Lincoln ?

Lincoln was assasinated on April 15th, 1865. He was shot by John Wilks Booth, for the confederate cause.

Slavery Abolished in the Lone Star State

Gordon Granger recently arrived in the Port of Galveston and came here to uphold the Emancipation Proclamation in Texas. Gordon is now going around to tell everyone in the state that slavery has been abolished.

He arrived in Galveston on June 19, and this day, now called Juneteenth, is now being proclaimed as a holiday, the day slavery was abolished in Texas. Juneteenth was a day full of parties, food, music, and thousands of overjoyed Blacks. Even though they don't have a world of freedom, they have taken another step toward onward equality.

A group of people started an organization called the Freedman’s Bureau to help African Americans get jobs, food, an education, and a substantial life. It thrived for a while, but then slowed down after the Bureau’s operations ended.

New Texas Governor Appointed

President Johnson has appointed a Unionist from the South by the name Andrew Hamilton. He has some recent political experience, but the fact that a Unionist has taken office is now much enjoyed by Texan Confederates.

After a new governor was appointed, the ad-interim government held a convention to reconstruct the Texas Constitution. The delegates at the meeting consisted of men who had supported the secession of Texas and the Confederacy.

Since the Convention was held and constructed by all Confederates, it was quite biased, and ended up not giving Blacks any major rights.

What did the new constitution of 1866 say?

The new constitution proposed a series of amendments to the fundamental law, which came to be known as the Constitution of 1866. The constitution Declared the Ratification of the 14th Amendment, saying that all men should be equal, and have the same rights.

When ex-confederales took control, what did they refuse?

When ex-confederates took control, they decided that black men would be free, but refused for them to vote. They thought, that if freedmen were aloud to vote, they would vote for their equal rights.

What were the black codes?

Black codes were rights that freedman had, but the government

Congress Takes the Reins

Congress has not provided much support at all to President Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan. They think that it is not strict enough for the Southern states to rejoin the Union, so a group called the Radical Republicans have taken over most of the Congress Houses.

The Radical Republicans are a group of Republicans who want to overtake the government, recreate a better reconstruction plan, and give the new Freedmen more rights such as voting. This determined group has take over control by getting the Freedmen the right to vote, therefore getting over ⅔ of the control in the Congressional Houses in the past years elections. They now have the power to override any veto by the president, and can now start their own plan to reshape the Southern Society.

Radical Reconstruction Begins!

Congress has come out with a new and improved plan for Reconstruction. They are going to raise the bars for Southern States to rejoin the Union, recreate the ad-interim governments in the South, send down 5 military forces to control 5 different districts, use force if a state does not obey directions, and make the Southern States ratify the 14th and 15th Amendments.

Furthermore on the Military Districts, Congress has split the South into 5 districts, Texas and Louisiana being the 5th, and Congress has assigned 5 different military forces to guard each one and make sure that the state upholds the requirements set.

Congress also required many white Southerners to take the Ironclad oath. The Ironclad oath pledged that the certain individual had not voluntarily served in the Confederate army or aided the Confederacy. This oath kept many white Southerners from voting and holding a position in Office.

Reconstruction begins!

What was reconstruction?

Reconstruction in Texas began after the confederacy lost the war, and soldiers headed home. Texas reconstruction took a long time for all the damage from houses, buildings, barns, fields, ships, and supplies too officially be remade.

Why Did It Need To Happen?

Reconstruction was needed in Texas to solve political, social, and economic problems produced by the war. Texas was in ruins after the civil war, reconstruction rebuilt Texas and made it strong again.

What was the south like at the end of the war?

Texas, after the civil war was in ruins. Reconstruction was a vital part in the civil war, being it helped many Texans who were struggling. After reconstruction, Texas was a fresh, new state again, joined with the union.

What did the new constitution of 1866 say?

The new constitution proposed a series of amendments to the fundamental law, which came to be known as the Constitution of 1866. The constitution Declared the Ratification of the 14th Amendment, saying that all men should be equal, and have the same rights.

When ex-confederales took control, what did they refuse?

When ex-confederates took control, they decided that black men would be free, but refused for them to vote. They thought, that if freedmen were aloud to vote, they would vote for their equal rights.

What were the black codes?

Black Codes were laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866, after the Civil War. These laws had the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans' freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor economy.

Two presidential plans

What was lincolns plan for reconstruction?

Lincoln issued the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction in 1863 to announce his intention to reunite the once-united states. But shortly after, Lincoln was assasinated.

What happened to Lincoln?

Lincoln was assasinated on April 14th, 1865 by John Wilks Booth. The plan was that Wilkes would sneak up into the presidents box the day of the play, and shoot Lincoln on the back of his head. The plan worked, and he ran away, wich led to one of the biggest man hunts ever.

What was Johnsons plan?

President Johnson announced his Reconstruction plan soon after he became president, following Lincoln's assassination. His plan was a little bit more strict than lincolns, but mostly the same thing.

The beginning of the Ku Klux Klan was innocent enough. In December 1865, eight months after the South’s surrender, a group of six young men living in the village of Pulaski near Nashville, Tennessee decided to relieve their boredom by organizing a social club. All were veterans of the Confederate Army and some had attended college where fraternities with three-letter, Greek-based names were popular. In mock-imitation, they came up with the alliterative title Ku Klux Klan for their group. Their meetings would be secret and devoted to elaborate ceremonies. Members would disguise themselves with a costume made up of a sheet to cover their bodies, fanciful masks to hide their faces and pointed headgear that heightened their stature. Their leader would be known as the Grand Cyclops.

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.