THE ROMans are coming!!
A Different Type of Goth...
- Visicos were invading.
- Knew the Romans had nothing to help them
- Inhabits Spain for about 300 years
PLease, Sir, Can I Have Moors?
- Almost continuous fighting between Christian kingdoms in north of peninsula and Muslims, who controlado the south.
- Battle for territory, land, goods, Slaves, and Religion.
- Armario religión - Muslims practiced their religion in their homes, but in the public eye they were catholic
- Muslim Spain called “AL-Andalus” in Arabic
- Santiago: “Matamoros”, Patron Saint of Spain, Believed he was a Mártir
toledo, city of tolerance
The spanish INQUISITIOn
1492: the last Moorish king is defeated; all Muslims in Spain are forced to dejar or convertir to Christianity. 1502: given the success against Muslims, it is now decided that all Jews need to leave Spain or convert to Christianity. But how do we know they’ve converted? We interrogar and torturar them until they confess--or put them on trial and later executed (or burnt) them. Pope Sixtus IV started the Inquisition and said it was ok to kick the people out. Pope Innocent the IV said that torture wouldn’t have been aloud.
Carlos I 1516-1556
felipe II: Family Fued
El greco - the greek
Painter from Greece, his real name is Domenikos Theotokopoulos travels to Spain. He wants to paint the palace that Felipe II. So he traveled to Spain in search of work in the decoration of El Escorial. Felipe II hated his style and refused to hire him. El Greco moves to Toledo and hits the big time. He paints pictures making fun of Felipe. This painting was called the "Vista de Toledo." the painting has a nice fertile area at the bottom - Telido, a destructive force is over Felipe palace and the message: felipe will destroy Spain.
The War of Spanish Succession pitted royal families and their nations against each other to see who would rule Spain. The War ends in 1713, with Spain losing Gibraltar to the English. Felipe V, the Bourbon grandson of Louis XIV, becomes King of Spain. The Bourbon family remains the royal family of Spain today.
- Gobernantes competentes but more concerned with life at court
- Efforts to convert Spain into a modern state, based on Neoclassical ideas of the Enlightenment.
Fernando Vii (1814-1833)
- Son of Carlos IV, returns from exile in France to rule after defeat of Napoleon’s troops
- Totalitarian rule, constantly at odds with liberal who wanted to expand on Constitution of 1812.
- Died in 1833, leaving only a daughter, Isabel
More bourbon troubles
- Fernando VII dies without a male heir, leaving only his daughter, Isabel
- The country is divided on the issue of a woman ruler
- Supporters of Fernando’s brother, Carlos face off against more liberal supporters of Isabel in several “Guerras Carlistas”
- Isabel II regions from 1833-1868
Those Crazy bourbons
The “Glorious Revolution” removes Isabel from power in 1868!! An short-lived experiment places King Amadeo de Saboya, an Italian, on the throne from 1870-1873.
Unable to put a stop to the political tension and low morale of the country, Alfonso XII allows a military general to establish a dictatorship from 1923-1931. The dictatorship is unable to solve the problems of the country. In 1931, elections are held to determine if Spain should continue a monarchy or give democracy another try.
Lets try this again
- Instead of continuing Franco’s policies or establishing an absolute monarchy, Juan Carlos declares democracy in Spain
- He names Adolfo Suarez as first Prime Minister. Suarez begins the period known as the Transition