La Historia de España Katelyn Hurley 8 diamantes

The Ancient Pit stop

The Ancient Pit Stop is located by the Mediterranean Sea. Spain had a lot iron and silver. Spain was llamar "la Tierra Santa."

Pre-Roman Iberia

Celtas first came from Scotland to invadir Spain but no one was there, so they had a great location and now had plancha and plata.


Iberian Peninsula name comes from these people. Galicia still has influences of Celtic culture (la gaita, languages).

THE ROMans are coming!!

Rome is not big enough to CONQUISTAR so they go west West eventually ends. Instead of thinking of what to do they killed and enslaved. In 492 the Roman Empire collapses (close to 500 years)

Roman Leftovers

A Different Type of Goth...

  • Visicos were invading.
  • Knew the Romans had nothing to help them
  • Inhabits Spain for about 300 years

PLease, Sir, Can I Have Moors?

711=last group but coming from North Africa. They were leaving Africa due to religious persecution and cultural persecution(forced to battle, to come into Spain). Arabs, Berbers, Syrians from North Africa invaded the peninsula in 711 A.D. This was an easy defeat ,Visigoth Kingdoms, conquering nearly all the peninsula.


  • Almost continuous fighting between Christian kingdoms in north of peninsula and Muslims, who controlado the south.
  • Battle for territory, land, goods, Slaves, and Religion.
  • Armario religión - Muslims practiced their religion in their homes, but in the public eye they were catholic
  • Muslim Spain called “AL-Andalus” in Arabic
  • Santiago: “Matamoros”, Patron Saint of Spain, Believed he was a Mártir

toledo, city of tolerance

Jews ,Christians, and Muslims. Influence of all 3 still evident today Synagogues ,Churches, cathedral, Arab style architecture (Mudejar).

El cid, hero of la reconquista

  • Héroe of reconquista
  • Spanish american hero
  • He ayundar the christians fight for their religion


  • Moors had dividido into many small kingdoms
  • With their being so much battling you don’t have a strong familia musulmana.
  • Last Moorish king, in Granada, defeated in January of 1492
  • Spain is now a Catholic country
  • Profesar whatever you want to

reyes catolicos

There were two very rich people named King Fernando of Aragon and Queen Isabel of Castilla. The Queen did everything. She only sent troops to battle if she went. The king and queen were Reyes Católicos. They married in 1469 and wanted to unite Christian kingdoms against the Moors. They also wanted to solidificar their power through religion; military success. They ended Reconquista by defeating Moors in Granada in 1492. Up to this point there was no Spain!

The spanish INQUISITIOn

1492: the last Moorish king is defeated; all Muslims in Spain are forced to dejar or convertir to Christianity. 1502: given the success against Muslims, it is now decided that all Jews need to leave Spain or convert to Christianity. But how do we know they’ve converted? We interrogar and torturar them until they confess--or put them on trial and later executed (or burnt) them. Pope Sixtus IV started the Inquisition and said it was ok to kick the people out. Pope Innocent the IV said that torture wouldn’t have been aloud.

gold diggers

Gold digger - someone who mines for gold or someone tends to be in love with someone because of their money (female). In Spain a Gold digger is - someone who marries another person for power , not money but power governs it all. Juana, Daughter of Fernando and Isabel, married Felipe (el Hermoso) of the powerful Habsburg family Juana known as “la Loca” - the crazy

Carlos I 1516-1556

Carlos reigns for 40 years. He is the son of Juana la Loca and Felipe el Hermoso. Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V of Austria/Germany changed his name to Charles V and changed his personality everywhere he went. He didn’t want a Spanish name is Austria/Germany. Under his rule, Spanish Empire grew rapidly-Conquistas of Incas, Aztecs Gold, silver flooded into Spain from Americas, along with new crops: corn, potatoes, fruit. Spain hasn’t heard of these crops. Carlos V used the funds that were pouring in from the colonies to subsidize the many religious wars he was fighting across Europe. Spain under Carlos the V became one of the staunchest(strongest) defenders of the Catholicism, as it fought to stop the spread of the Protestant Reformation across Europe. He passed on the legacy to his successor, his son Felipe

felipe II: Family Fued

1556-1598. He continued wars against Protestants In 1554, married Mary Tudor of England in an attempt to create an international Catholic alliance. A male heir from his ,marriage would have become King of England, however, there was no son and the Protestant Elizabeth I , their daughter came to power in England. She annexed Portugal, Dutch declare independence from Spain: starts war involving England. 1588: Spain’s invincible Armada defeated by England.

El greco - the greek

Painter from Greece, his real name is Domenikos Theotokopoulos travels to Spain. He wants to paint the palace that Felipe II. So he traveled to Spain in search of work in the decoration of El Escorial. Felipe II hated his style and refused to hire him. El Greco moves to Toledo and hits the big time. He paints pictures making fun of Felipe. This painting was called the "Vista de Toledo." the painting has a nice fertile area at the bottom - Telido, a destructive force is over Felipe palace and the message: felipe will destroy Spain.

More HAbsburg Kings

  • Felipe II is succeeded by his son, the aptly named Felipe III (1598-1621).
  • Felipe III dies and his son takes the throne. Guess what his name was?
  • Yep, Felipe IV reigns from 1621-1665
  • Felipe IV reigns over one of the richest cultural periods in Spanish history: the Siglo de Oro

Siglo de oro

  • Literature, Drama, Art
  • La vida es sueño by Pedro Calderon de la Barca
  • Lope de Vega, Tirso de Molina
  • Character of Don Juan introduced-- image of “Latin Lovers” created.

End of habsburgs

  • Felipe IV’s son, Carlos II is known as “El Hechizado” (“the Bewitched”)
  • He died in 1700, leaving no heir to ascend to the throne of Spain.


The War of Spanish Succession pitted royal families and their nations against each other to see who would rule Spain. The War ends in 1713, with Spain losing Gibraltar to the English. Felipe V, the Bourbon grandson of Louis XIV, becomes King of Spain. The Bourbon family remains the royal family of Spain today.

The bourbons

  • Gobernantes competentes but more concerned with life at court
  • Efforts to convert Spain into a modern state, based on Neoclassical ideas of the Enlightenment.

carlos IV

Was the Grandson of Felipe V (son of Carlos III) . Total incomplete. Dealing with Napoleon leads to use of lots of dynamite.


  • Rebellion o f 2 May 1808 in Madrid begins War of Spanish Independence.
  • Joseph Bonaparte removed from the throne of Spain in 1812
  • During the upheaval, most of the colonies in America gain independence.
  • Constitution of 1812 establishes a parliamentary monarchy.

Fernando Vii (1814-1833)

  • Son of Carlos IV, returns from exile in France to rule after defeat of Napoleon’s troops
  • Totalitarian rule, constantly at odds with liberal who wanted to expand on Constitution of 1812.
  • Died in 1833, leaving only a daughter, Isabel

More bourbon troubles

  • Fernando VII dies without a male heir, leaving only his daughter, Isabel
  • The country is divided on the issue of a woman ruler
  • Supporters of Fernando’s brother, Carlos face off against more liberal supporters of Isabel in several “Guerras Carlistas”
  • Isabel II regions from 1833-1868

Those Crazy bourbons

The “Glorious Revolution” removes Isabel from power in 1868!! An short-lived experiment places King Amadeo de Saboya, an Italian, on the throne from 1870-1873.


The First Spanish Republic is proclaimed in 1873 and ends up ending in 1874.

Alfonso xii

Unable to put a stop to the political tension and low morale of the country, Alfonso XII allows a military general to establish a dictatorship from 1923-1931. The dictatorship is unable to solve the problems of the country. In 1931, elections are held to determine if Spain should continue a monarchy or give democracy another try.

Lets try this again

The Second Republic of Spain is established in 1931, ushering in an era of hope and optimism. They set up a new, progressive constitution, which gives women the right to vote, allows divorce, separates the Church from the State, and creates public schools.

can't we all just get along?

  • The new government creates an even deeper political and social divide
  • The military, the church and the upper classes think their are too many changes going on
  • Socialists and Communist factions think their are not enough changes and want more change, faster.

civil war!!

General Francisco Franco stages a military revolt in 1936, beginning the Civil War. Franco’s fascist troops are aided by forces from Germany and Italy. Republican forces get very little help. The war ends in 1939 , with Franco’s Nationalist forces winning.


Francis dictator of Spain from 1939 until his death in 1975. Idealized “glory years” of Spain under Carlos V and Felipe II. Gender roles, religion, regionalism banned, censorship Exile of artists, intellectuals, scientists. Basque terrorist group ETA assassinates Franco’s chosen successor. Franco chooses Grandson of Alfonso XIII to take over. Upon Franco’s death in 1975, Juan Carlos I de Borbon becomes King of Spain


  • Instead of continuing Franco’s policies or establishing an absolute monarchy, Juan Carlos declares democracy in Spain
  • He names Adolfo Suarez as first Prime Minister. Suarez begins the period known as the Transition


In 1978, Suarez in elected in the first elections held in Spain since 1936. In 80’s Felipe Gonzalez leads Spain out of isolation, joining NATO and the EU. Jose Maria Aznar increases Spain’s influence in the world, with a growing economy and a strong alliance with the USA.


On march 11, 2004, Islamic fundamentalist terrorists place bombs on several commuter trains in Madrid, killing nearly 200 and injuring over 2,000

a new direction...

  • 2 days after the attack, elections proclaim Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero the new Prime Minister of Spain
  • His first action, as promised, was to withdraw Spanish troops from the US war with Iraq.
  • He won re-election in 2008

La familia real

As a parliamentary monarchy, Spain retains its royal family, although all government decisions are handled by Parliament and the President of the Government


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