Zero Hunger By amelia pilot
- Asia is the continent with the most hungry people - two thirds of the total.
- In developing countries 12.9 percent of the population is undernourished.
- Sub-Saharan Africa is the region with the highest prevalence of hunger. One person in four there is undernourished.
- 65 percent of the world's hungry live in only seven countries: India, China, Bangladesh, Congo, Indonesia, Pakistan, Ethiopia
NATURE AND NATURAL DISASTERS
Natural disasters can cause enormous damage and can suddenly prevent people from having access to food, shelter, electricity and water. When people are affected by natural disasters, they cannot grow food, lack access to clean water, and may even have trouble finding work. It can become incredibly difficult to purchase food. The inability to buy or grow food is one of the first causes of hunger for people in communities impacted by natural disasters.
GOVERMENT AND POLICIES
When it comes to hunger-related issues, policies and laws can impact when crops are planted and harvested. Policies influence the prices of crops and even jobs. If policies or rules are miscalculated, people can end up with less food to choose from and high food prices. This is a downward cycle for people who can't afford food because it increases hunger and illness.
AGRICULTURE AND INFRASTRUCTURE
Agriculture is very complex. Farmers need training, equipment and tools—plows, tractors, fertilizer, seeds and water systems—to increase the amount and quality of food and maintain a lower cost. All of these things make up agricultural infrastructure. Some communities don't have some or any of these items, leading to widespread hunger issues.
Communities struggling to fight hunger also require clean and dry storage areas for storing their harvests of corn, beans and rice. These crops can be used in times of crisis, when food is not available. If farmers don't have access to smart farming and agriculture practices and can't produce enough food to store food for times of crisis.
In poor countries around the world, more than 1.4 billion people earn less than $1.25 per day. Poor people in developing countries spend between 50% and 80% of their incomes on food. Comparatively, the average American and European spends around 10% of their income on food.
Poverty prevents people from accessing food, health and other basic needs for survival. Many people living in poverty are hungry and malnourished, and they do not have money or the ability to grow or obtain food.
WAR AND CONFLICT
War and conflict cause injury, cost money and also cause people and communities to flee. Systems that deliver food often break down in the process of the conflict. Livestock and crops are often destroyed during war and in dangerous environments.
War and conflicts can cause many threats to food security for a country like: Political instability, irregular crop yields, decrease in livestock, high food prices, worsened transportation pathways, low agriculture technologies, disease. All these threats lead to unsustainable food production which negatively impacts communities, leading to hunger and malnutrition amongst the people.
When an individual's health is at risk, hunger and malnutrition can make conditions even worse. Malnourished women are more likely to be sick and have children who have health issues or are malnourished. Malnourished children who lack food often lack the strength to grow, survive and stay healthy. And the ones that do survive have no positive generational skill or knowledge to help their own children have a better chance at accessing food security.
Countries with the highest hunger rates also have high rates of disease such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, diarrhea, respiratory infections, etc. For medicines to work and to prevent illness, our bodies need to be well nourished. Also, some effects of malnutrition cannot be reversed. For example, young children who fail to receive adequate levels of vitamins and proteins affect their physical and mental growth so they are therefore less productive for their entire lives.
ROADS AND PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
When roads, bridges and other physical infrastructure are non-existent, food, water and supplies cannot get where they are needed. For example, if a farmer cannot bring her crop to a selling location, due to damaged roads, then people can't buy food. Farmers lose a lot of food due to spoilage by the time they get it to a market.
All of a sudden, the food in markets becomes more valuable and the price usually increases because there is low supply.
POWERLESSNESS AND DISCRIMINATION
Those who are powerless are often poor. They lack life's basic necessities such as food, shelter, health and education. Those living in a powerless situation spend a lot of time and energy on basic survival: finding food, shelter, water and safety. Children, women and elderly people are the groups most affected by this burden. Therefore they have less time and energy to work to get money or grow crops so they eat.
Discrimination contributes to poverty. The poor are at the greatest risk for being sick, hungry and illiterate—all things that get in the way of someone's chance to succeed and thrive.
Some 60% of the world's chronically hungry people are women or girls. This is because women and girls have unequal access to resources, education and income. When women are affected by hunger, so are their children. Children inherit hunger and then continue to pass it generation to generation.