India China Project by jacob and DYlan 1A

Main religion- Hinduism

* There was no founder of Hinduism it was a culture that eventually became a religion

* Based mostly in India and Nepal

* Estimated one billion followers

* 3rd largest religion in population

* 80% of India is Hindu

* Origin India

* Polytheistic gods like: Ganesha god of success, Shiva is known as the transformer and the creator of everything, Hanuman is the monkey god, Durga is the mother goddess, Lakshmi goddess of wealth and beauty.

* Main Texts- Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita

* 4 beliefs Hindus have are reincarnation rebirth were everyone is reincarnated as plants animals or humans, the continuity of life like nothing will ever end or change because of reincarnation, Karma what comes around goes around, and a trial for enlightenment in other words everyone is trying to be the best person they can. Hinduism also has a strong focus on righteousness, sensuality, and liberty.

Writing-

* Mainly there were two writing systems Kharosthi and semi alphabetic Brahmi

* Kharosthi came about 251 BCE in north western India. Which is believed to have come from Aramaic alphabet.

* Brahmi is guessed to have been developed 7th or 8th century BCE. Guessed to have come from Semitic origins

* Modern Spoken Languages of India like Indo Aryan, Dravidian languages, Sino Tibetan are their biggest languages, but there are also Iranian, Nuristan, Austro Asiatic and all the rest are unclassified

Scientific achievements-

* Mathematics - Vedic literature is replete with concepts of zero, the techniques of algebra and algorithm, square root and cube root.

* Astronomy - Rig Veda (2000 BC) refers to astronomy.

* Physics - Concepts of atom and theory of relativity were explicitly stated by an Indian Philosopher around 600 BC.

* Chemistry - Principles of chemistry did not remain abstract but also found expression in distillation of perfumes, aromatic liquids, manufacturing of dyes and pigments, and extraction of sugar. India is also responsible for the development of modern painkillers and anesthetics.

Social system-

•The caste system affects educational and job reservations

•Caste system has 4 different castes: the Brahmans, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas and the Sudras

•1. Brahmans – priests and teachers. People who were trying to attain higher knowledge

•2. Kshatriyas- rulers and military elite

•3. Vaisyas- merchants and farmers

•4. Sudras- Working class lowest of the lowest

•Women had good opportunities including opportunities to increase intellectually and spiritually

•Has a vertical social mobility

•People have to be born into a caste system

•India's women have become slowly worsened in their treatment, now India is the third most dangerous country for women

•The caste system was developed from the Manusmriti, the most widely recognized authority on Hindu law

Family-

•Used to have joint families but due to urbanization and trends they have become more nuclear based families

•Joint families is were all extended family lives together with the oldest person as the head of the family. Which was a major part of Indai's older culture

•Nuclear family's are just a pair of adults and their children also known as elementary family's which is now deteriating

India's past

Colonization-

•Britain colonized India from 1757 to 1947. The colonization was orchestrated by the East India Company, a British corporation that traded cotton, silk, spices and tea

•Britain took over and separated the religions and heavily taxed the people

•Britain even prevented the people from taking office

•Eventually Britain stopped their colonization after India's continual protests the most prominent leader of these protests was Gandhi

•Colonization lasted from 1757 to 1947

•Separation of the religions started in 1905 and ended when Britain ended their rule in 1947

•The reason India was colonized was that britain had ports in certain spots along there coast and they got greedy and took it

•Therefore they were being taken over and ruled by superior military

•India gaind there independence through constant civil rights protests and lives that were given for the cause

•Britaian officially took over in 1757

•And there reign ended after the Indians little by little started getting more control over India through different activists and eventually took over comepletely

•The Dutch and English East India Trading Co. Were both massively influencial in the history of India, without them, India today would be a massively different country.

India today

•1.31 Billion people in 2015

•2.07 trillion US dollars in 2015

•India is a democracy and is ruled by a prime minister

•Narendra Modi is the 14th prime minister from May 2014

•Due to overpopulation there have been increases in poverty

•India has a major problem with population growth which is 20% per decade and their living conditions have not changed they still have 30% of the people under the international poverty line with no new jobs to change this. This has caused problems for food quantities, sanitation, and pollution. The food deficiency has gotten so serious that there is a 20% deaths that are caused by malnutrition

China

Religious beliefs

•Main religion of china is Buddhism, and china Is where it all started

•Buddhism is not a set of rules it’s just some advice or guidelines

•Therefore there are tons of different personal beliefs throughout china

•The whole goal of Buddhists are to become enlightened like the first person to be enlightened named Buddha which is where they get their name, but Buddha is not a god he is just the symbol of their beliefs

•There are about 350 million followers of Buddhism

•China for a long time had a lack of social mobility

•The role of women were of subservient to the men and the only time were in the family they were resected was when their husband died and they were the oldest member of their family

•Women have had a past of foot binding which is where they break there feet to make them smaller and more compact in a extremely painful tradition

•Buddha came from Nepal

•Taoism is another very common religion in China, though not as widely known outside of China, it has more practitioners in China than even Buddhism

•Taoism is a multi-theistic religon, that focuses on the betterment of the self, the betterment of man-kind, and the enjoyment of life.

Scientific achievements

•One of there well known achievements are advances in mathematics like the abacus which is pretty much an ancient calculator

•There probably most impactful invention was gunpowder, china developed the frst black powder guns, as well as the first explosives used in warfare.

•The Chinese also invented paper and printing

Written language

•The Chinese use a written language containing 3-4 thousand characters to be literate

•Instead of most modern languages that use phonograms which means a letter represents a sound, the Chinese use a character to represent one word

•Because of their character system they have to use and memorize thousands of characters

•The Chinese main language is just called standard Chinese, but it is known for having the most widely diverse amount of dialects

•There system really doesn’t have one name for it. It is just mainly known as a logographic system

•There are two main dialects mandarin and wu

•Cantonese is another dialect used commonly in china

Confucianism

* Confucianism also known as ruism is a system developed by a man called Confucius in 551BCE which was during the Zhou dynasty

* Confucianism is all about family values and self righteousness, but one thing that the teacher confusious taught was the mandate of heaven which basically is that all Chinese leaders are godly and are for the good the better good of china also that their leaders were expected to rule well and if they werent the people would revolt

* Confucianism focuses on the Wu-wei, and Tao and Te

* Wu-wei is the betterment of the self, and of others.

* Tao, being what you want to do, and Te being the way you do it.

Yangtze river

* The largest river of Asia and 3rd largest of the world

* One important characteristic was that it was so long and big it was a major transportation tool for china which helped the country flourish

* The Yangtze river comes from the plateau of Tibet and flows 3,915 miles in total into the East China Sea

Yangtze river

* The largest river of Asia and 3rd largest of the world

* One important characteristic was that it was so long and big it was a major transportation tool for china which helped the country flourish

* The Yangtze river comes from the plateau of Tibet and flows 3,915 miles in total into the East China Sea

Colonization of china

* Britain imperialized china for its valuable recourses like tea, silk, and porcelain

* Britain didn’t have enough silver to trade with them so they started selling these plants called Opium that got people high so a lot of the people needed it because they were addicted, so Britain seeing that they could jack up the prices and control them

* Eventually China gave Britain the island of Hong Kong and trading rights in the ports of Canton and Shanghai

* Which was a huge step into their imperialization

* The trading of Opium started 1760 and 1842 is when Hong Kong becomes one of Britain's trade centers

* 1997 is when the island of Hong Kong is returned to the peoples republic of china totaling 237 years.

* Jiang Zemin was the leader of china at the time Britain lost their control over Hong Kong

* Broke away officialy in 1949

China Today

* Chinas current population is 1.37 billion people

* China from July 2016 has had a 1.8 growth rate or 10.36 trillion us dollars by 2014

* Their government is communist and their president is Xi Jinping

* Xi Jinping was born in Beijing and is 63 years old. Xi Jinping is also a princeling son to Xi Zhongxun

* Confucianism has still been a popular religion among the people of china even though their own government has rejected the religion. It has even expanded to having a statue of Confucius In Tianiman

* Women in China face different challenges now because the government is pushing for men and women to work together, but the prevalence of Confucianism which is against strong women is creating challenges for strong minded women and them getting jobs and getting partners

* The one child policy was proposed in 1979 and was formally put into effect in 2015. The only people who are always exempt from this policy are ethnic minorities. The only time Chinese citizens are allowed a second child is if they have a girl first. The affects of this rule is a lack of fertility in which the country says has prevented 400 million births.

* One of the biggest challenges or problem facing china today is the wealth distribution. Because of there communist government people control exactly were the wealth goes and it has been given in such a way that it is unbalanced there has even been increases by 50,000 people who have become millionaires which is very concerning because of the steady increase of the middle class

works cited

Library. (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.patheos.com/Library/Hinduism

Basu, A. (2015, September 21). Role and Status of Women in Ancient India. Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.importantindia.com/11058/role-and-status-of-women-in-ancient-india/

Hinduism. (2016, October 28). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.religionfacts.com/hinduism

(n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.infoplease.com/country/india.html

Kumar, V. (n.d.). Hinduism Beliefs - Basic beliefs of hinduism. Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.godrealized.com/hinduism/Hinduism-beliefs.html

BBC - History - British History in depth: The British Presence in India in the 18th Century. (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/empire_seapower/east_india_01.shtml

How many Chinese characters are there? (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.hutong-school.com/how-many-chinese-characters-are-there

What is the language for China | Chinese language mandarin | official china languages. (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.great-wallofchina.com/chinese-language.html

Char4U.com. (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.char4u.com/content/history-of-chinese-writing-system/

Confucianism. (2016, November 22). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.religionfacts.com/confucianism

Yangtze River. (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from https://www.britannica.com/place/Yangtze-River

http://www.skwirk.com/p-c_s-14_u-173_t-472_c-1711/act/history/ancient-societies-china/ancient-china-part-ii/daily-life-of-women-

Guided History. (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://blogs.bu.edu/guidedhistory/moderneurope/tao-he/

China GDP Growth Rate | 2010-2017 | Data | Chart | Calendar | Forecast. (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.tradingeconomics.com/china/gdp-growth

The Role of Women in China. (2014, May 17). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.fairobserver.com/region/central_south_asia/role-women-china/

Current issues facing China. (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.activeukchina.com/china-overview/china-overview/current-issues-facing-china/

Vita, S. (2016, January 25). 3 Economic Challenges India Faces in 2016. Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.investopedia.com/articles/investing/012516/3-economic-challenges-india-faces-2016.asp

Bibliography

Library. (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.patheos.com/Library/Hinduism

Basu, A. (2015, September 21). Role and Status of Women in Ancient India. Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.importantindia.com/11058/role-and-status-of-women-in-ancient-india/

Hinduism. (2016, October 28). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.religionfacts.com/hinduism

(n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.infoplease.com/country/india.html

Kumar, V. (n.d.). Hinduism Beliefs - Basic beliefs of hinduism. Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.godrealized.com/hinduism/Hinduism-beliefs.html

BBC - History - British History in depth: The British Presence in India in the 18th Century. (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/empire_seapower/east_india_01.shtml

How many Chinese characters are there? (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.hutong-school.com/how-many-chinese-characters-are-there

What is the language for China | Chinese language mandarin | official china languages. (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.great-wallofchina.com/chinese-language.html

Char4U.com. (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.char4u.com/content/history-of-chinese-writing-system/

Confucianism. (2016, November 22). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.religionfacts.com/confucianism

Yangtze River. (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from https://www.britannica.com/place/Yangtze-River

http://www.skwirk.com/p-c_s-14_u-173_t-472_c-1711/act/history/ancient-societies-china/ancient-china-part-ii/daily-life-of-women-

Guided History. (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://blogs.bu.edu/guidedhistory/moderneurope/tao-he/

China GDP Growth Rate | 2010-2017 | Data | Chart | Calendar | Forecast. (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.tradingeconomics.com/china/gdp-growth

The Role of Women in China. (2014, May 17). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.fairobserver.com/region/central_south_asia/role-women-china/

Current issues facing China. (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.activeukchina.com/china-overview/china-overview/current-issues-facing-china/

Vita, S. (2016, January 25). 3 Economic Challenges India Faces in 2016. Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.investopedia.com/articles/investing/012516/3-economic-challenges-india-faces-2016.asp

Writing. (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.ancientindia.co.uk/writing/home_set.html

Stories of Ancient India. (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://quatr.us/india/literature/

Yellow River. (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from https://www.travelchinaguide.com/river/yellow/

Achievements of Indians in science & technology. (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.civilserviceindia.com/subject/General-Studies/notes/achievements-of-indians-in-science-and-technology.html

W. (n.d.). 1-50 of 7442 Spoken English Jobs in Indi. Retrieved January 23, 2017, from https://www.naukri.com/spoken-english-jobs-in-india

I. (n.d.). Indian Family System. Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.indyatour.com/india/culture/india-family-system.php

A Guide to Social Class in Modern China. (2015, April 28). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from https://www.chinafile.com/reporting-opinion/media/guide-social-class-modern-china

Science and Technology in Ancient China - Crystalinks. (n.d.). Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.crystalinks.com/chinascience.html

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.