Solving Poverty Adrian Arnaboldi

Poverty in India is a big issue that people have been trying to solve for a long time, so I chose to research how we can solve this problem. This is something that I feel very strongly about. India is unfair in that there is a massive difference in incomes, and India has some of the richest and poorest people in the world. In India an astonishing 363 million people are still below the poverty line, a number that is more than the entire US population. Income inequality is a huge problem, and in India the richest 1% own 53% of the country’s wealth. In India the rich tend to be the Brahmin and the poor tend to be the Sudra; this is the legacy of Hinduism's caste system.

One of the ways poverty can be reduced is by establishing progressive taxation, where the richest individuals pay more to the state in order to redistribute resources across society. Making the rich individuals pay more taxes will help shrink income inequality. The Indian Government can spend their money on public services such as education, health and social protection. These are key to helping the poor get a career and achieve a relatively successful life.

The government can also help build up rural infrastructure. Building rural roads reduces transportation costs, connects rural farmers to markets to sell their goods, allows workers to move more freely, and promotes access to schools and health care clinics. The difference between urban and rural areas is one of the reasons for income inequality in India. An example of the difference is that a typical family has enough income to spend Rs. 8,121 per month if it lives in urban Maharashtra, but only Rs. 3,735 a month if it residesin rural Bihar. Another problem in India is that woman have stopped joining the labor force. India’s women have been withdrawing from the labor force since 2005, and less than one-third of working-age women are now in the labor force. As a result, India today ranks last among BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) countries, and close to the bottom in South Asia in female labor force participation.

Another growing problem in India is health coverage, especially for children. The Indian government should provide children special (nutrition) Health Care during their first 1,000 days of life, as nutritional deficiencies and cognitive underdevelopment during this period can lead to learning delays and lower educational achievement later in life. Also health care should be provided to everybody not just children. Bringing coverage to those excluded from affordable and timely health care reduces inequality while at the same time increasing people’s capacity to learn and work because they don't get sick.

The government could also transfer cash to those in need of it to reduce poverty. These programs would provide poor families with basic incomes, enabling them to keep children in school so they could receive a quality education, and would allow mothers to access basic health care. They could also help families buy things like seeds, fertilizer, or livestock, and cope with drought, floods, pandemics, economic crises, or other potentially devastating events.

Another growing problem throughout India relates to traffic. In the Indian city of Bengaluru there is bumper to bumper traffic on a daily basis, but the people of Bengaluru can’t afford to pay for transportation. The people of Bengaluru complain that the roads are too narrow. The government needs to take action, and not only on the roads of Bengaluru, but to strive to reduce poverty by 2030.

After my research I am interested to know what the Indian government will do in the coming years to put an end to poverty. The Indian Government needs to make a plan to reduce the number of 363 million people below the poverty line in India. I also am interested in what we as Americans can do to help this cause. This is not only India's problem but a world problem that we need to come together to solve.

This crisis is important for Americans to know about because we are together in this world, we are all people, and we should always help each other. It is important for people to know how different cultures throughout the world operate. My findings relate to the caste system, and how the people in poverty often represent the Sudra caste and the rich often represent the Brahmin caste. In modern day India you can still see how your caste will often determine your income. It is important for Americans to know this because the problems of the past can remain the problems of the present everywhere. In America's past, slaves were impoverished, and today their descendants often face the problem of income inequality.

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