Chapter 19 Industrial revolution

James Watt

- He built an engine power by steam that could pump water from mines three times as quickly as other engines could. James Watt had also created a way for more coal to be extracted from the mines. Watt also developed a rotary engine that could turn a shaft and drive machinery. This steam power could now be applied to spinning and weaving cotton. Cotton mills that used steam engines were now being multiplied across Britain. In 1787 the British had produced 22 million pounds of cotton.

Henry Cort

- Henry Cort developed the system called puddling. Coke which is derived from coal, was used to burn away pig iron and produce a better quality of iron.

Richard Trevithick

- Richard had pioneered the first steam-powered locomotive on an industrial rail line in southern Wales. This product would pull tons of ore and many people at five mikes per hour. Because of this invention, upgrades would follow through.

George Stephenson

- Stephenson's rocket would be proved to be superior as it was the first railway line, which had opened in 1830. This invention had stressed 32 miles from Liverpool to Manchester. Miles went around at 16 miles per hour. The future products had reached 50 miles per hour.

Joint-Stock investment bank

This bank would sell stocks to investors, which would sell the savings of small or big businesses.The first major change in the industrial revolution was the change of steel for iron. Certain countries like Great Britain, France, Germany, and Belgium produced 125,000 tons of steel. By 1913 they produced 13 million tonElectricity in the second industrial revolution was a new form of energy that could be easily converted into other inventions. This includes heat/ light. Motion was also created which were wires moving through space transmission. In 1870 generators were developed. In 1910, hydroelectric power stations and steam-generating plants allowed many homes in an environment lead to only one source of power.

The light-bulb due to electricity was created by Thomas Edison and Joseph Swan. In 1880, the street-car and subway had made its way to Europe.

- Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in 1876

- Gug lielmo Marconi sent the first radio waves across the Atlantic in 1901.

John Kay-The flying shuttle

The Flying shuttle was a Machine that stepped towards automatic weaving. It was invented by John Kay in 1733. In old looms, the shuttle was thrown through the threads by hand. This had required two weavers seated side by side passing the shuttle between them. John had mounted his shuttle on wheels in a track and used paddles to shoot the shuttle from side to side. When the weaver jerked a cord, he had used his invention.

James Hargreaves

The spinning jersey was an invention that played a major key of development for the industrial revolution. This device reduced the amount of work needed to produce yarn. A worker would be able to produce eight or more spools than a machine.

Edmund Cartwright

Edmund had created the power loom. This was a mechanised loom powered by a line shaft. And was one of the key developments in the industrialization of weaving during the early Industrial Revolution. It would be created in 1785.

Credits:

Created with images by James St. John - "Richard Trevithick's 1803 steam locomotive - wood and ivory carving" • Thomas's Pics - "Planet" • Couleur - "light bulb pear light"

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