- Who will come to power next?
- Will the Committee of Public Safety and the National Convention keep up the legacy of Maximilien Robespierre?
- Will we still have a republic government or will we return to having a monarch?
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Maximilien Robespierre was born on May 6, 1758 and became the leader of the Committee of Public Safety in July of 1793. When he came to power at the beginning of the "Reign of Terror", Robespierre was well-known as a French lawyer and a politician, as well as the leader of the committee. Maximilien was responsible for the nearly 40,000 executions that took place while he was in power. When Robespierre ordered for his two closest friends, Danton and Desmoulins, the National Convention and Committee of Public Safety started observing his actions and watching him very closely because of the suspicious decisions he was making. This eventually lead to his execution today, July 28, 1794.
Danton and Demoulins
George Danton and Camille Desmoulins were the two close friends of Maximilien Robespierre. Both men were important to the French Revolution because they were strategist and they obtained the highest level of government in that time. When the "Reign of Terror" began, Georges Danton grew distant and left the National Convention in the fall of 1793, but he returned and reclaimed his government position, this time speaking against extremism, the holding of extreme political or religious views, in the government system. While Danton was doing that, Demoulins was working on a journal, "Le Vieux Cordelier", that provided alternatives to radicalism. The journal was dedicated to Robespierre and Danton. At the time, the journal did not contradict Robespierre , but as it came against him , he thought darker of his friend, Camille Demoulins. Robespierre had them both arrested in March 1794 and when the trial was held Demoulins came off so strongly about his views they were both found guilty and executed at the Place de la Revolution on April 5, 1794. The execution of these two men had the National Convention and Committee of Public Safety suspicious about Maximilien Robespierre , this was the beginning of the end of the "Reign of Terror".