Neuralgia By: Christine Pham & EMily Nielsen

Neuralgia is a chronic pain caused by a damaged trigeminal or fifth cranial nerve, which transmits signals from the face to the brain. Sudden jolts of shooting pain are commonly triggered by trivial stimuli like washing, shaving, smoking, talking, and brushing teeth. The scientific name for trigeminal neuralgia is Tic douloureux.
In 1829, neurologist Charles Bell officially discovered the pathogen in London. With the help of many contributors before him, Bell was able to make connections between sensory nerves and motor nerves and find evidence to support the idea that the pain in trigeminal neuralgia is directly related to nerve dysfunction.
Some aliments caused by the pathogen are intense toothaches, tissue swelling, vasodilatation, and the formation of pus on the face.
The chances of being diagnosed with neuralgia increases with age.
Neuralgia is can be caused by shingles, diabetes, infections, pressure, injuries, multiple sclerosis, syphilis, or damaged nerves. It is not contagious, and is mostly found in older people. It is known that the pathogen is passed on genetically, however, the exact method of transmission is unclear.
Pain can generally be managed with medication, physical therapies or surgery. Treatment such as dental treatment and antibiotics for tooth pain, or surgery to remove bone pressing against the nerve are also utilized. Pain-relieving medications such as aspirin or codeine ease the pain. Anticonvulsant medications and antidepressants treat the pain and muscle spasms. Surgery is also an option which desensitizes the nerve and blocks pain messages. Alternative therapies such as acupuncture, hypnosis and meditation are also common. Even with all of these remedies, there is no permanent cure.

Contributions

Overtime, the safety of procedures increased. Major surgical innovations were developed and saved many lives. With all new research, the survival rate increased since its first discovery. Charles Bell sparked noteworthy breakthroughs in the field of neuroscience. Overall, the discovery of neuralgia helped further the study of nerves.
Works Cited 1. Association, Bells Palsy. "Sir Charles Bell | 1774 - 1842 | Bells Palsy Association." Sir Charles Bell | 1774 - 1842 | Bells Palsy Association. Bells Palsy Association, n.d. Web. 01 Mar. 2017. 2. Shelat, Amit M. "Neuralgia." MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Medline Plus, 30 May 2016. Web. 01 Mar. 2017. 3. Tidy, Dr Colin. "Trigeminal Neuralgia and Neuralgia Symptoms | Health." Trigeminal Neuralgia and Neuralgia Symptoms | Health | Patient. Patient.info, n.d. Web. 01 Mar. 2017. <http://patient.info/health/trigeminal-neuralgia-leaflet>.

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