AZTECS By onofre


The Geography of the Aztec would vary depending on where they lived. Because they lived in the central Mexican valley, where it was very swampy in some areas and surrounded by jagged mountains. Depending on where they lived it impacted their culture because they had to adapt to a lot of their surroundings. Where the Aztecs settled ( at their capital Tenochtitlan ) it was either swampy or dry on an island in southwestern part of Lake Texcoco. Because of their environment people had to build their homes and other buildings according to how the environment was. Some of the things were dams, barriers, and aqueducts to keep the salty water away from their fresh water. They built their own canals for transportation through out the island and also built small islands ( chinampas ) called swamp gardens for each family.


Their social structure was based on a social hierarchy which was split into three structures the Nobles, Commoners, and serfs or slaves. The nobles consisted of Higher leaders, priests, Military leaders and lords. The Commoner class consisted of low level priest, artisans, merchants, and farmers. Most slaves worked on lands owned by nobles, and if you had debt of any sort you can sell yourself or you children to pay off that debt. Woman in the Aztec civilization didn't really had a leadership role or become warriors of any kind. Children on the other hand attended school through their curricula varied by gender and social class. The children in the upper class (the telpochcalli) or also known as commoner children, were trained to become warriors at age 15. The lower class children or the Nobles and exceptionally gifted commoner children attended the calmecac schools, where they were trained to become government officials of to become priests.


The Aztecs Political structure was made up of states known as "Altepetl" in each altepetl their was a supreme leader (tlatoani), a supreme judge (cihuacoatl). The tlatoani was the Emperor of the Aztec Empire, which technically meant he was in charge of everything. He was was the owner of all land in his city-state, received tribute, oversaw markets and temples, led the military, and resolved judicial disputes. In second command was The Cihuacoatl, who served as a supreme judge for the court system and a member of the nobility. When it came to electing a new emperor (by a high council of 4 nobles) it had to be a relative from the past Emperor/Ruler (brother or son). They had to be at age 30 or above and educated from the elite calmecac schools, and to be experienced in war, warriors, and military leaders.


Created with images by jarmoluk - "pyramid mexico the ruins of the"

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