The Secret Annex
The Secret Annex or Anne Frank Huis is located on Prinsengracht 267, in Amsterdam. In 1942, the Frank family hid in the Secret Annex for 2 years. Located right above Otto Frank's pectin and spice business, the Secret Annex is well hidden. The door on the far left leads directly to the bookcase opening up to the Secret Annex. The Secret Annex can easily support 2 families (or 8-9 people), with its multiple rooms, kitchen, bathroom, and even living/dining area.
The Westerkerk Church is located right next to the Secret Annex. First opened in 1631 and still open today, the Westerkerk Church is easily the oldest Protestant church in Amsterdam. The church tower can be seen from the windows of the Secret Annex and the bells can often be heard. Anne Frank often mentions the sound of the bells ringing in her diary. Today, a statue of Anne Frank stands outside of the church.
1. Marriage between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood are forbidden. Marriages nevertheless concluded are invalid, even if concluded abroad to circumvent the law. Annulment proceedings can be initiated only by the State Prosecutor.
2. Extramarital intercourse between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood is forbidden.
3. Jews may not employ in their household female subjects of the state of German or related blood who are under 45 years old.
4. Jews are forbidden to fly the Reich or National flag or to display the Reich colors. They are, on the other hand, permitted to display the Jewish colors. The exercise of this right is protected by the State.
5. Any person who violates the prohibition under I will be punished by a prison sentence with hard labor. A male who violates the prohibition under I will be punished with a prison sentence with or without hard labor. Any person violating the provisions under III or IV will be punished with a prison sentence of up to one year and a fine, or with one or the other of these penalties. The Reich Minister of the Interior, in coordination with the Deputy of the Führer and the Reich Minister of Justice, will issue the Legal and Administrative regulations required to implement and complete the Law. The Law takes effect on the day following promulgations except for III, which goes into force on January 1, 1936. Nuremberg, September 15, 1935 at the Reich Party Congress of Freedom.
The Nuremberg Law was made to discriminate Jews. Hitler wanted Jews to not be considered Germans even if they were a German citizen, their spouse was German, or they have a German relative. The law makes sure that a Jew can't marry a German or of related blood. That way there wouldn't be any new Jews. Even if you were Jewish and already married to a German, your marriage didn't count and you can't have kids with them. Due to the fear of Jews interlocking with Germans, Jewish men aren't allowed to have a female women under the age of 45 in the house. Jews are allowed to showcase that they are Jewish, by displaying their colors and their flag. That way they are open to discrimination. If a person were to violate any of these laws they would either have a prison sentence with or without hard labor, a sentence of 1 year, or a fine.
Propaganda is false information used to publicize or promote a political view or cause. They types of propaganda are demonization, emotional appeal, patriotic appeal, name calling, appeal to fear, catchy slogan and bandwagon. Demonization is where the artist portrays the enemy as some demon or monster. Emotional appeal is where the artist uses the viewers emotions to convince them to do something. Patriotic appeal is where the artist uses the viewers love of there country to support the idea portrayed. Name calling is where the artist calls the enemy very insulting names. Appeal to fear is where the artist try's to have a united population join the cause by instilling fear and is basically saying that if you don't do it, bad things will happen. Catchy slogan is where the artist uses a special phrase to catch viewers special attention. Bandwagon is where the viewer is told that everyone else is doing it so they should too. Propaganda is used to get people to vote for something, to recruit soldiers, to save money, or to encourage people to discriminate against something.
Anne Frank was born on June 12, 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany. She has a sister named Margot, a mother named Edith, and a father named Otto. In 1933, the Frank family moved to Amsterdam. Anne attended the Montessori school of Amsterdam in 1924. After the Germans conquered Amsterdam, Anne and her sister are forced to attend the Jewish Lyceum in 1941. On her 13th b-day (1942) Anne recieved a diary from her father. Later on, the Frank family went into hiding at the Secret Annex. Anne then met the love of her life Peter. Two years after going into hiding the Frank family is arrested. The people in hiding arrive on August 8, 1944 to Westerbork. There the people in hiding went to Auschwitz. Anne and her sister eventually go to the Bergen Belsen concentration camp and then they died of Typhus fever.
Peter van Pels
Peter Van Pels was born on November 8, 1926 in Osnabrück, Germany. Peter's mom's name is Auguste, his dad's name is Hermann, and he has no siblings. In the year 1937, the Van Pels family makes there way over to the Netherlands. The Van Pels family also go into hiding with the Frank family in the Secret Annex. After all, the Frank and Van Pels family already knows each other because Hermann Van Pels works with Otto Frank. After being arrested in 1944, the Van Pels family along with the rest of the people in hiding reach Westerbork. There the people in hiding go to Auschwitz-Birkenau. In 1945, Peter is forced to attend the "death march" that leads to the Mauthausen concentration camp. Peter ends up dying at the Mauthausen concentration camp on May 10, 1945.
Otto Frank was born in Frankfurt, Germany on May 12, 1889. After completing highschool, Otto Frank studied art history, worked at a Macy's department store, and worked on a bank. Otto then got drafted into the military on 1915 and after 2 years he got promoted to a army leutenient. Otto married Edith Holländer on May 12, 1925. Together they have two kids (Margot and Anne). In 1933, Otto Frank sets up the Opekta company. Later on he also sets up a Pectacon business in 1938. Both businesses are located on Prinsengracht 263. In 1941, Otto puts Mr Kleiman and Mr Kugler in charge of his business because Jews aren't allowed to own businesses. In 1942, Otto takes his family and the van Pels family into hiding in the Secret Annex above his Pectacon and Opekta business. Unlike Anne or Peter, Otto Frank remains in Aushwitz and he eventually returns to the Secret Annex in 1945. He also published Anne's Diary which was recovered by Meip Gies. There he finds out that he is the lone survivor of the people in hiding. Otto then moves to Bassel, Switzerland in 1952. There he marries Elfriede (Fritzi) Markovits in 1953. Before his death on August 19, 1980 in Bassel, Otto attended the opening of the Anne Frank House.
Hermine Santrouschitz was born in Vienna, Austria on February 15, 1909. After WWl, Hermine's parents put her on a train to the Netherlands. In 1920, Hermine got adopted by a foster family in Leiden. The foster family then named her Miep. Miep joined her foster family in moving to Amsterdam in 1924. In 1933, Miep started to work as a secretary in Otto's Opekta business. In July 16, 1941 Miep married Jan Gies, thus becoming Miep Gies. On June, 1942 Otto asked Miep if she could help them go into hiding, Miep agreed to help. Shortly after the people in hiding are arrested, Miep finds Anne's diary. Miep then gives Otto the diary while he lives with the Gies after surviving the war. Miep and Jan have a son named Paul and Miep stops working at the Opekta on July 13, 1950. Miep then writes a book called the "Memories of Anne Frank" in 1987. On January 26, 1993 Miep's husband Jan died. Miep then died at the age of 100 from a head injury on January 11, 2010.
Act I Summary
In Scene 1, it shows Mr. Frank and Miep in the Secret Annex after the war is over. Meip shows Mr. Frank the diary that Anne wrote while they were in hiding and Mr. Frank starts to read it. In Scene 2, the Frank family arrives after the Van Daan. The Frank's and Van Daan's get to know each other and they learn the rules of being in hiding. Two months later in Scene 3, Anne is depicted as a childish girl who is always messing around and she also hates Peter. Also, the final person in the hiding place, Mr. Dussel, arrives. In Scene 4, Anne has a nightmare that wakes everyone up and she gets mad at herself for treating people badly (especially her mother, Edith). In the last scene (5), the people in hiding are celebrating Hanukkah and Anne is giving everybody presents. Later on, the people hear a crash downstairs caused by a thief and Peter falls of a chair; resulting in the thief to run away.