Master Gardener & Horticulture
Susan Carter: Area Extension Agent, Horticulture
Seasonal Topic: Getting Plants Ready For Fall & Winter
You may have noticed that the night temperatures are starting to drop just a little bit. You want to bring any houseplants or herbs into the house prior to the temperatures dropping too low. Make sure to look them over closely for insects. You may want to give them a good shower prior to bringing them indoors.
Now let’s talk about the plants that stay outdoors. As days get shorter and cooler you want to provide less frequent but deep soaks of water. Fertilizer should not be given to trees, shrubs and perennials at this point. This reduction of water and fertilizer will start to slow the growth of the plants down so they can acclimate for the winter.
Fall is a great time to rent an aerator or hire a lawn maintenance person to aerate your lawn for you. If you have heavy clay or soil compacted from foot traffic, make sure to go over the area multiple times, not just a pass or two. This allows oxygen to penetrate the soil and helps to break up thatch. We do not recommend dethatching as it rips the crown (base) of the grass plant. If your soil is low in organic matter, apply ¼” of fine compost after you aerated. The compost will fall into the holes thus adding more organic matter to your soil and helping your lawn be healthier. Following the watering tip listed above also helps slow down growth and get your lawn ready for winter. We have many fact sheets online to help you with your garden and landscape. Finally make sure to give the entire landscape one last good drink right before the irrigation water is turned off. Plants like to go to bed with some available water. Don't forget, remember to have your irrigation system drained and blown out to avoid winter damage. Happy Autumn!
Livestock, Acreage, Agronomy
Doug Dean: Area Extension Director – TRA
Isaac Munoz: TRA Extension Small Acreage Management Agent
John Rizza: Ext Specialist – Small Acreage Management Specialist/NRCS
Seth Urbanowitz: Area Extension Agent, Agronomy
Pasture Demonstration Plot Open House
The demonstration plot offers a hands-on view of 17 species of irrigated grasses and another 17 species of dryland grasses suited for the local area, climate and soils. These grasses can be used for agricultural and natural resource conservation purposes such as: growing hay, grazing livestock, weed suppression, erosion control, and enhancement of wildlife habitat. The grasses are planted on furrows clearly labeled. A plot map is posted and handout materials describing characteristics of each of the grasses are also available in a handout box. The handout gives information on: Growth Habit, Season of Use, Salt Tolerance, Seedling Vigor, Longevity, Recovery Rate, Flood or Wetness Tolerance, Drought Tolerance, Yield Potential, Winter Hardiness, Years Covered and other remarks.
Landowners are encouraged to visit our Pasture Demonstration Plot Open House, coming up October 5th from 9am-1pm, at the Delta County Fairgrounds, 403 S. 4th Street, Hotchkiss, CO. The plot is located on the southeast corner of the fairgrounds, by the river.
Food & Health
Ann Duncan: Area Extension Agent – Family and Consumer Science
Before You Can, Let’s Talk Equipment
Summer’s bountiful harvest is here, so I have canning on the brain! Using proper equipment when you preserve is a key ingredient to achieving a product that is both safe to eat and high quality. For those new to canning, the prospect of new equipment can be overwhelming, but in many cases you can make do with items you already have. For experienced canners, now is a great time to check your equipment.
A special canner isn’t needed for boiling-water canning; a large aluminum stockpot with a tight-fitting lid will do. The pot must be deep enough to accommodate a rack underneath your jars and at least 1 to 2 inches of boiling water above the jars. If you are using an electric stove the pot must have a flat bottom.
When pressure canning, use a dedicated stove top pressure canner with modern safety features. Dial gauges should be tested before first use, and annually thereafter for accuracy. (Contact your Extension office for on-site testing.) Don’t use an electric pressure cooker for pressure canning, even if there is a “canning” or “steam canning” function. We haven’t seen enough research to vouch for the safety of these methods, particularly with the considerations of preserving at high altitude.
A rack is essential for canning! Jars that sit directly on the bottom of the canner can crack. You can purchase a dedicated rack, or fashion one of your own making from canning rings or aluminum foil.
Mason jars are preferred to get the best results with the least breakage. Reuse jars as long as they are clean and free of chips and cracks.
Lids and rings:
We recommend two-part lid system including the ring and self-sealing lids. Self-sealing lids can only be used one time for processing. Use metal screw bands repeatedly, as long as they are not dented, deformed, or rusty.
A dedicated jar lifter, sized just right for grasping jars, makes moving jars in and out of boiling water much easier and safer.
Other helpful kitchen tools include:
- Wide-mouthed funnel
- Bubble freer, chopstick, or plastic knife to remove air bubbles (do not use metal)
- Ruler or plastic head space tool for accurately measuring head space
By: Kate Williamson-Kate Williamson is a Master Food Safety Advisor volunteer with Colorado State University Extension in Larimer Country
Agriculture & Business Management
Jenny Beiermann: Regional Extension Specialist- Agriculture & Business Management Economist
Stockmanship & Stewardship Regional Tour
Mark your calendar and plan to join us in Montrose, September 21-22! This unique two-day event will feature:
- Low-Stress Cattle handling Demos
- BQA Certification
- Facility Design and much more!
TRA 4-H Program
Jackie Shea: Delta County Extension 4-H Program Associate
Brandon Creamer: Montrose & Ouray Extension 4-H Program Associate
Nicole Goza: Montrose & Ouray Extension 4-H Program Associate
Another successful year of 4-H!
Lets think about 4-H Enrollment for 2018-2019:
The 2018-2019 4-H enrollment period will be starting in the end of October and continues to May 1st, 2019 for new enrollments.
4‑H programs are grounded in the belief that kids learn best by doing. Members complete hands-on projects in areas like science, health, agriculture and citizenship, in a positive environment where they receive guidance from adult mentors and are encouraged to take on proactive leadership roles. Members can concentrate on one focus area or they can try a variety of programs throughout their 4‑H experience.
Our 4-H programs are also always looking for adult volunteers to share their leadership and expertise with our members!
Please visit tra4h.org for more information or call your local office.
STEM & K-12
Barbara Shaw: Regional Extension Specialist – STEM
Nicole Goza: 4H Associate
Rain Gauge Give Away!
Colorado Department of Education has adopted new science standards this year, and given schools until 2020 to meet them. We are here to help! We have a CoCoRaHS rain gauge to give to a school in each county to support real-world science that will engage your students! By incorporating CoCoRaHS program into your classroom, you will make significant progress in meeting the newly adopted science standards!
Created with images by SoloTravelGoals - "untitled image" • Byron Johnson - "Majestic Melodies" • skeeze - "wild turkeys rural wildlife birds feeding outdoors" • Jerry Charlton - "untitled image" • Daniel Chekalov - "untitled image" • John Jennings - "John Jennings - Golden" • Tereza Hošková - "Wicky´s autumn" • Bekir Dönmez - "Pumpkin" • birgl - "pumpkin autumn gourd" • EllenChan - "nature leaf plant" • LoggaWiggler - "corn colorful mais maize varieties" • johnpriceonline - "aspen tree forest nature autumn fall leaf" • jill111 - "apples fall autumn" • Markus Spiske - "untitled image" • Pastime_Photo - "horses aspen mountain western pasture colorado nature" • congerdesign - "jar of jam raspberries berries" • Aaron Burden - "Corn Harvest" • Josh Wilburne - "untitled image" • Robin Sommer - "Succulent plant at Longwood Gardens" • Andrew Preble - "untitled image" • Joel Filipe - "The Order of Caos V" • Jessica Ruscello - "Bonfire Farewell to Summer at the Beach" • Thomas Morse - "San Juans Fall Color"