ZWINGLI'S YOUTH AND STUDIES
Ulrich Zwingli was born on 1 January 1484 in Wildhaus. He was trained to be a priest. One professor of him was Wyttenbach and he was a humanist. The Epistle to the Romans was discussed in one of his lessons. Wyttenbach imparted respect for the Word of God. Zwingli became a priest in 1516 in Glarus.
CONFLICTS WITH ROMAN CATHOLIC TEACHINGS
His life changed radically in 1516. He became a priest in Einsiedeln, a place of pilgrimage. Zwingli teached salvation was only possible trough Christ. And he discovered errors of the Roman Catholic Church. He protested against Samson who sold indulgences. On 1 January 1519 he gave his first sermon in Zurich. He preached the Gospel of Mathew. The church was filled. The people got more acquainted with the Bible.
CONFLICTS WITH THE CHURCH
Zwingli came in conflict with the government in 1522.
- Churchgoers didn't fast during Passion Week. Zwingli defended them with a book
- He asked the bishop for removal of the promise of celibacy (He had married the widow Anna Reinhart)
Zwingli based his views on the Bible.
REFORMATION IN ZURICH
The Council of Zurich wanted Zwingli defending himself against the bishop in a debate. The debate was held in German and both parties were allowed to appeal to the Bible. It was in 1523. Zwingli had written 67 Articles beforehand. He confessed that Christ was the only customs and ideas. Zurich sided the Reformation. All things became protestant. The Bible always the final word.
ZWINGLI LOOKS FOR UNITY AND SUPPORT
The Roman Catholic Church condemned Zwingli's in 1526. After that a civil war broke out between the different cantons. Some were Roman Catholic, others were protestant. Zwingli sought cooperation with the German princes. Therefore the Marburg Colloquy was held in 1529. It was a meeting between Luther and Zwingli. But Unity was not reached because Zwingli disagreed with only one these about the Lord's Supper.
Zwingli died during a battle at Kappel against the Roman Catholic cantons in 1531. His successor was Heinrich Bullinger. Heinrich Bullinger continued with the work of Zwingli and reached an agreement with the Reformation with Calvin in 1549.