After India became independent, they changed the term "untouchable" to "scheduled past", and also created a quota where 23% of government jobs and places in public universities were reserved for lower castes. This was done in order to minimize caste inequality and make sure lower castes were still recieving jobs. Now, the quota has been. rised to 50% for many groups but there are still problems with caste inequality, as the Dalits (name for untouchables-mean to be "crushed down") are still in extreme poverty, separated from their community, and being questioned just because of their caste and how they ave a reserved caste
Currently, there is a big debate between those who are against the quota system, and those who want a larger quota. Some people from higher castes are frustrated because it is easier for somebody to get into a top university just because of their caste, as the grade they need to obtain is lower, similar for jobs as well. However, they do not remember that 2/3 of Indias population makes up the people that are helped by these quotas. They want a larger quota because it is still difficult for them to have a good social standing as they have bee set back in literacy, education, health care, and more opportunities. there have been many protests and ihas even gotten violent because of people who are unsatisfied with the quota.
The Jats and the Patels are two groups of fairly well off people communities have violently protested about the caste system. The Jats are a community of farmers and traders in Haryana, and North Indian state, who protested around Februrary this year. They were unsatisfied with the system because it was harder for them to get into universities and get jobs. In this protest, around 16 or more were killed, buildings were lit on fire, water canals were damaged, and highways were blocked. Since then, they have been working on a deal with the government