Apartheid The segregation of African racial groups By: Eric Lewis

What was Apartheid?

Apartheid was the strict segregation of racial groups lasting from 1948 to 1991.

Apartheid was established by a newly appointed government group of white men known as the National Party in 1948.

A young black man gets attacked by a white police officer's dog in the 1940-50's

Nelson Mandela and Apartheid

This video is one of many of Nelson Mandela's speeches to gather support for his cause. He is trying to empower and persuade the people of South Africa to fight the power and stand up for themselves.

Nelson Mandela was a civil rights advocate during the era of Apartheid, he had to overcome many challenges over his time as an advocate. Nelson Mandela was born in Mveso, Transinki in 1918. His father died in 1930 when he was 12. Even from a young age, he had heard stories of his ancestors fighting in the wars of resistance and wanted to make a difference too. Mandela went to College of Fort Hare but did not get his diploma due to being expelled for being involved in student protests. Eventually, he went back to Fort Hare to finish his degree in 1943.

Mandela became involved in politics in 1943, in 1944 he joined the ANC youth league. He married a nurse named Evelyn Mase and they had four children before divorcing in 1958. After years of trying to make a change, Mandela was thrown in jail for accounts of treason. He was acquitted in March 1961. The first African state of emergency was issued a year earlier in March 1960, when police killed 69 unarmed protesters. The South African government banned the ANC and PAC, both political civil rights groups. Mandela was convicted and put in jail 14 times in his life.

Nelson Mandela was one of the biggest civil rights activists in the world and he continues to inspire human rights activists worldwide.

Nelson Mandela was an advocate and voice for oppressed black South Africans

The beginnings of Apartheid

Apartheid was caused by a newly appointed white government branch known as the Nationalist Party, it was created because the group wanted to keep a white dominance in a population that was mostly black.

The South African Flag

Immediately after being appointed to power, The Nationalist Party began enforcing racist and unfair laws. They brought back the law that black south Africans had to live on reserves and couldn't work as sharecroppers.

This image showcases the unfair treatment of blacks in South Africa
Black people were often depicted as being uncivilized or having big, pink lips

Nelson Mandela and others fought against Apartheid and finally won in 1991 when Apartheid was abolished. Even after its eradication, Apartheid still affects the people of South Africa

The Lasting Effects of Apartheid

Even though Apartheid ended about 25 years ago, there are still lasting effects of it. While the average salary for black citizens has gone up 169 percent in the last 10 years, white citizens are still making 6 times that. Poverty in black communities is still very high in South Africa. The government is trying to change that by 2030 with the help of the NDP or National Development Plan. While things in South Africa are improving, there is still a long way to go.

The FW de Klerk Foundation promotes and preserves FW de Klerk's presidential heritage by supporting the causes for which he worked during his presidency. The Foundation supports and promotes the Constitution, the Bill of Rights and the rule of law through the activities of the Centre for Constitutional Rights and promotes unity in diversity by working for cordial inter-community relations and national unity.The Foundation also supports charities that care for disabled and disadvantaged children, and provides information on FW de Klerk's presidency and the factors that led to South Africa's transition to a non-racial constitutional democracy.

Nelson Mandela and F.W. DeKlerk, the last president under the Aparteid system, fought together to end racial segregation in South Africa.
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