Future Ready Schools TE 880 Final Project By Gayle Smith

Getting Started:

1. Assess Your Current Situation and Set Future Goals

1. Assess Your Current Situation and Set Future Goals

The Vision

At Douglas County West High School, students will be involved in a 1:1 iPad blended learning environment that is consistent with the advances in technology. Technology has made the ability to move towards individualizing learning, which can increase independence and self-initiated learning in students, and extend their learning beyond the classroom.

Digital Learning Resources

Each student will have access to an iPad in school and the ability to take the iPad home as well. Each teacher will be given an iPad as well as an MacBook Pro. Classrooms will need to be updated with projectors, screens and Apple Airplay devices. Current bandwidth availability will be evaluated and updated to meet the needs of the 1:1 environment.

Professional Development

Teachers and administrators will be at varying levels of technology usage. Whole group PD for technology training will not be a constructive, instead individualized or small group PD should be utilized. Teachers should be allowed to choose the type of PD sessions that will be most useful to their classroom objectives. Collaboration should be encouraged among teachers in the district as well as outside the district.

Current Network Capacity

Testing and monitoring of bandwidth should be conducted. Ideal range is 1 gigabit per second per 1000 students.

Current Infrastructure

The district will need to conduct a network assessment by a certified consultant to evaluate the effectiveness of the current network. Things to consider are the viability of existing cabling, available wireless access points and locations, availability of electrical outlets or charging stations.

Devices Supported Now - Plan for the Future

Currently the district provides an iPad for each student, an iPad and laptop for each classroom teacher. As enrollment continues to grow, additional students and staff will be using more devices and the infrastructure will need to be monitored to ensure bandwidth and connectivity availability.

Consideration for a future 1:1 MacBook Pro laptop program is now being considered. Infrastructure will need to be reevaluated if that program is put into place.

Resources Available to Fund Transition

Current funding through the use of the E-rate program is now being utilized to help connect to the internet. Grant opportunities need to be explored to supplement any shortfall that the district may experience.

2. Getting High-Speed Internet to Schools

2. Getting High-Speed Internet to Schools

Options for High-Speed Internet Access

There are many options for connecting to the Internet, but Douglas County West High School currently is using fiber to establish Internet connectivity. At this point, this is the best option for the school. Other options such as satellite or broadband would not be as viable or as cost effective as the currently used option.

Best Connectivity Path for Your District's Needs

Path 1: Research and Education Networks is the current option used by Douglas County West High School.

Network Nebraska 2016 Map
Network Nebraska Funding

Elements That Will Affect Cost

Determining costs are influenced by the number of devices and which digital learning resources are utilized, the capacity and age of the districts infrastructure, use of existing equipment, geographic distance and difficulty, paths of connectivity, level and type of security.

The two most unrecognized costs are human expenses such as time, personnel and PD and ongoing network monitoring such as network management and monitoring, technology support, insurance for devices, security filtering, and licensing.

Funding Sources

E-Rate is the most commonly utilized funding source for schools and libraries. Ensures affordable access to high-speed internet to support digital learning.

Resources for Rural Schools

Options for rural school funding include partnering with municipal governments to share the costs.

3. Getting High-Speed Internet Throughout Schools

3. Getting High-Speed Internet Throughout Schools

Steps in Planning a Wireless Network

  • Step One: identify who will be using the network and for what purpose - conduct a network assessment
  • Step Two: determine physical location of access points
  • Step Three: conduct network assessment

Physical Infrastructure Considerations

Consider factors that may interfere with wireless signals such as radio frequencies, electrical interference, building design and construction. Concrete walls will also cause interference. Most of Douglas County West High School classrooms are four sided concrete walls so this will need to be taken in consideration.

Provisioning, Configuring, and Managing the Network

Need a plan so that issues can be responded to in a timely manner. Use commercial grade equipment. Network monitoring system is vital to technology plan. This will help to monitor network traffic, identify peak times, monitor system wide status and capabilities, and detect unreachable or misconfigured device.

Must prioritize bandwidth for classroom activities or testing. Consider if you will give access to student and staff personal devices on a public access. Douglas County West High School currently has guest access for personal devices.

Managing Security Risks

Need to have a plan for physical and virtual threats. Need to protect:

  • student data
  • district property such as software
  • personal information such as grades, contact information, medical information
  • virus or malware infections
  • equipment rooms

4. Getting Devices to Students and Teachers

4. Getting Devices to Students and Teachers

Importance of Devices

1:1 programs do not limit student engagement and collaboration. Not all students may have their own devices so it is vital that all students have equal access to technology. Douglas County West High School currently has a 1:1 iPad program.

Factors to Consider in Device Selection

Test a wide variety of devices. Students and teachers should test the devices in a variety of learning situations from a variety of district locations. Determine which devices can be most responsive and usable to complete various tasks. Compare cost of ownership - include devices, protective cases, software. Criteria for the decision process could include:

  • expectations of battery life
  • durability of the device
  • expectations for screen size, keyboard/mouse, peripherals
  • reliability of the device operating system
  • age of students using device

Asking stakeholders to be a part of the decision making process is vital to the process and implementation.

BYOD Programs

BYOD programs can give students the most choice but can create many challeges that can include economic disparity, instructional burden, assessment security, and network security.

Paying for Devices

  • outright purchase - district buys and owns devices often for 5 or more years resulting in outdated technology
  • leasing model - acquires device in exchange for periodic payments of a 3 year rollover program - Douglas County West High School uses this model through Apple
  • cooperative purchasing - buy devices from regional or state consortium purchasing contracts

Availability of Funding Sources

Technology purchases no longer seen as something extra to have but now is necessary to learning. These purchases are a normal part of a district's yearly budget. Douglas County West High School uses general operating funds for device purchases. Available resources include:

  • general operating funds
  • special budget sources
  • grants
  • donations
  • local targeted monies from such sources as lotteries, sales, taxes, fines, forfeitures
  • ESEA funding
  • short and long-term bonds
  • reallocation of funds that normal were used for print versions of textbooks

Replacement of Devices

Devices should be replaced every 3-4 years as to prevent the cost of repair being more than the replacement cost of the devices. Douglas County West High School uses a lease program through Apple. iPad devices are replaced every three years and teacher laptops are replaced every 4 years.

Maintenance of Devices

Strategies for technical and managerial issues are essential that they are established. Staff needs to be able to push out updates, track devices, wipe stolen devices, manage security protocols, and manage applications. Douglas County West High School uses an MDM program to manage the iPad program.

Plan for maintenance and repair of devices. Douglas County West High School requires all students to purchase insurance to offset the cost of damage or loss. All repairs are completed through the Apple Care program.

Taking Devices Home

Districts allowing devices to go home need to create policies and expectations. Teachers need to understand the limitations that students may have at home for use of device. Student's may not be allowed to take the device home or their may not be Internet available at home.

Districts may develop strategies to assist students in having Internet access at home. Options could include providing or subsidize Internet for low-income families, providing hot-spots or filtered smart phones or wireless routers.

Douglas County West High School students are allowed to take devices home during the school year. No provisions are currently made for low-income students who are unable to afford Internet at home.

Rolling out Devices

There are many rollout options available to school such as full school, grade level, subject are, exemplar teacher. Douglas County West begin their 1:1 iPad initiative with grade level model. The first year, only seniors were given the iPads, with juniors coming on board beginning the second semester. Sophomores and freshman began the 1:1 program the following year.

5. Determining Responsible Use, Privacy, and Other School Policies

5. Determining Responsible Use, Privacy, and Other School Policies

Managing Devices

Devices require ongoing management that allows for software updates, keeping filtering systems updated, changing system preferences. Using a remote management system allows for technology staff to push out the updates to students rather than physically need to touch each device.

Douglas County West High School uses the Apple Mobile Device Manager to push out updates, filter content and control application availability.

Ensuring and Encouraging Responsible Use of Devices

Students who use the district Internet or devices need to sign an Acceptable Use Policy that outlines the responsible use of the Internet and the district provided devices. Keep AUP language simple and accessible for parents, students and district staff. Teaching student digital citizenship is essential for student understanding of use of the devices.

Obligations for Protecting Privacy of Students

Districts have an obligation to keep student data private. Have policies in place that dictate who has access to student data. FERPA, COPPA, CIPA, PPRA and HIPPA all provide guidelines to how and when student data is available.

Content Filtering

It is the district's responisbility to protect students from inappropriate content when using school Internet or devices. This can be done by using a filtering or blocking application. Curriculum that teaches digital citizenship should also be in place.

Douglas County West High School uses Content Keeper to filter and block inappropriate content on the district's Internet as well as when students are using the district's devices at home.

Lost or Damaged Device Policies

Districts need to have a plan in place for lost or damaged district devices.

Preventing Damage or Loss

  • Teach student responsible use
  • Allow students to customize their devices
  • Require password lock when devices are not in use
  • Prohibit students from carrying device outside their backpacks
  • Install tracking device software to locate missing device and remotely render it inoperable
  • Buy a protective case for the devices to protect them from accidental drops

Douglas County West High School provides protective cases for iPads, devices are password protected when not in use and tracking software is installed.

Dealing with Damage or Loss

  • Require payment
  • Contract insurance
  • Maintain extra inventory

At Douglas County West High School, students are required to have contract insurance on the device in order to take the device home. Students who damage or lose their iPad are required to pay a set amount. Loaner devices are available on a limited basis for iPads that are damaged or lost.

Created By
Gayle Smith
Appreciate

Credits:

Created with images by Pexels - "apple computer desk" • Olin Gilbert - "The Ending Of A Day" • Southern Arkansas University - "Student Teacher Candidates Education Workshop 8.30.12" • Wesley Fryer - "iPad Media Camp (July 2013)" • Wesley Fryer - "iPad Media Camp (July 2013)" • Wesley Fryer - "iPad Media Camp (July 2013)" • Wesley Fryer - "iPad Media Camp (July 2013)" • John "Pathfinder" Lester - "Internet!" • avatar-1 - "Narrow path" • Unsplash - "countryside twilight sunset" • tpsdave - "idaho landscape scenic" • cwwycoff1 - "Polk County Iowa 12JUNE2014" • KennethCW - "plains village small village" • KathrynSST - "small town coffee shop" • jboelhower - "desk computers classroom" • cuncon - "ipad girl tablet" • mortsan - "iPad" • anestiev - "imac apple notebook" • tpsdave - "language lab college university" • kaboompics - "man reading touchscreen" • slgckgc - "Chromebook" • Got Credit - "Money" • laterjay - "street students walking" • LoboStudioHamburg - "twitter facebook together"

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