James Madison Josiah L.

James Madison was a very interesting person. That is one of the many reasons I picked James Madison to write about. Also I wrote about him because he was the fourth US. president. Well, he was probably my favorite US. president.

First of all James Madison was born in March 16, 1751, in Port Conway, Virginia. He was also the oldest of twelve children! His father, James, was a very successful planter and owned at least more than three thousand acres of land and dozens of slaves! Isn’t that so amazing! Also, He was also a very strong figure in country affairs. In the year of 1762, James Madison was sent to a boarding school run by a man named Donald Robertson. James Madison came back to his father’s house five years later at a place called Montpelier. Later Madison went to college in 1769 at The College of New Jersey AKA Princeton University. There Madison learned science, philosophy etc. Later in life, James Madison graduated in 1771! YAY!!

Later bored of the political battles, James Madison went back to Virginia in the year of 1797 with his wife Dolley Madison. They met in Philadelphia in the year 1794, and married that exact same year! They both had a son named Payne at their first marriage, who James Madison raised as his own child, and they both retired at Montpelier. But James Madison didn't hide from the government for long.

In 1801, James Madison joined the administration of his friend, Thomas Jefferson, serving as the president’s secretary of state. He supported Thomas Jefferson's push in expanding the American nation with the Louisiana Purchase, and the explorations of the new lands by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark!

Britain and France were having a war again, and American crafts were caught right in the middle! Battleships at both sides often slowed down and captured American ships to stop Americans from trading with the foe. And the American members were forced into service for these conflict unfamiliar powers. After diplomatic tries didn’t work, James Madison campaigned for the Embargo Act of 1807, which banned American crafts from traveling to unfamiliar ports and halted exports from the United States. Really unpopular, this measure demonstrated to be an economic disaster for American merchants.

In 1808 James Madison won the presidential election by a lot! He defeated Federalist Charles C. Pinckney and Independent Republican George Clinton etc., securing almost 70 percent of the electoral votes! It was an awesome victory, considering the very bad public opinion of the Embargo Act of 1807.

In Congress, a group of politicians started to declare war against Britain. The men, occasionally known as "War Hawks," included The man Henry Clay of Kentucky and also John Calhoun of South Carolina. While James Madison worried that the nation couldn't effectively fight a war with Great Britain, he knew that many American people would not stand for these continued attacks on American ships much longer.

When Leaving the office in the year of 1817, James Madison and Dolley Madison retired once again at Montpelier. James Madison kept himself pretty busy by running the plantation and serving on a special board to create The “University of Virginia”, with a lot of help with Thomas Jefferson. The school opened in 1825, with Jefferson as its headmaster! The following year, after Thomas Jefferson's death, James Madison assumed leadership of the whole university.

James Madison died on June 28, 1836, at Montpelier. After his sad death, his 1834 message, "Advice to My Country," was released! He had requested that the note should not be brought to public until after his death. In part of his final political comment, he wrote: "The advice nearest to my heart and deepest in my convictions is that the Union of the States be cherished and perpetuated. Let the open enemy to it be regarded as a Pandora with her box opened; and the disguised one, as the Serpent creeping with his deadly wiles into Paradise."

Well, today people recognise James Madison as our fourth president. His ideas helped shape the nation. Thanks to him everyone enjoys what he has done almost 200 years ago.

Sources:http://www.biography.com/people/james-madison-9394965

Credits:

Created with images by mandalariangirl - "James Madison 1809-1817" • NathaniaJohnson - "James Madison by Gilbert Stuart"

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