Johns Hopkins Hospital on Opening Day in 1889
In 1889, before Henrietta Lacks was born, Johns Hopkins Hospital was founded. This was the hospital that helps Henrietta during the time she had cervical cancer, and the doctors there discovered the first immortal human cells (HeLa). This whole process would not happen without this hospital and people.
First Immortal Human Cell Line (HeLa)
In 1951, George Gey successfully cultured the first immortal human cell line using cells from Henrietta's cervix. It is given the name HeLa after the first two initials of Henrietta's first and last names. This was very important to science because this was the first of its kind, and Henrietta Lacks went down in history. This is how the famous "HeLa" cells came to be.
This shows how much HeLa cells were important in the development of the polio vaccine!
In 1952, scientists used HeLa cells to help develop the polio vaccine. Many people were dealing with polio during this time, and they needed help to save their life. Doctors didn't have an exact explanation that would make the polio disease go away. They used the cells to help discover this and this was scientifically important and changed the lives of many people.
In 1953, HeLa cells became the first cells ever cloned. The scientists needed to use them for research and to help many different people, and the process was successful. This did make scientific history and taught scientists a lot more about cells, and helped them in their medical research.
In 1970, George Gey dies of pancreatic cancer. Even though he created "HeLa" cells, the research and medical process still goes on. He will always be remembered for the things he has done for science, and his techniques and skills he used to change Henrietta's life to make HeLa cells.