Congo Republic By:Yessy Sanchez

There are two types of location in the five themes of geography. One is absolute location, which is the exact location of a place. Geographers use latitude and longitude to pinpoint absolute location. Relative is the second type of location, where a location is in relation to places or things ear it.

The Republic of Congo is boardered by the countries Angola, Cameroon, Central African Rupublic, Democratic Repiblic of the Congo, Gabon, and the Atlntic Ocean.

The coordinates of Brazzaville.

The capital of Congo Republic is Brazzaville. It is located in 4.2634 degrees South, 15.2429 degrees East.

A picture of the city Brazzaville
A picture of Brazzaville
A picture of Africa.

The Congo Republic is located on Africa.

The Congo has many interesting landforms such as The Congo River, which is the second-longest river in Africa, and the sixth-longest River in the world, which the total length of about 4,700 km (2,920 mi). There is also Mount Berongou, the highest point in the Congo. The mountain is located in the upper reaches of the Crystal Mountains on the border with Gabon. Mount Berongou rises to about 903 meters (2,963 feet). There is also The Stanely Pool, a lake formed by the widening of the Congo River. It is between the borders of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It covers an area that is about 35 kilometers (22 miles) long and 23 kilometers (14 miles) wide.

Tropical rainforest

The Congo has a tropical climate by high humidity and heat. There are two wet seasons and two dry seasons; particularly enervating climate astride the equator. In the north a dry season extends from November-March, and a rainy season from April-October.

A graph of the climate in the Congo
Average climate graph
A map of the congo and the other countries surrounding it

Countries that borders the country are Gabon, Cameroon, Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Central African Republic.

Republic of the Congo bodies of water

There are a lot bodies ofwaterin and around the Congo. Lake Mboukou, Lake Tele, Aiina River, Sangha River, Ogooue River, Pointe-Noire Bay, Congo River, and a lot more.

Place, there are two types of place, physical difference and human difference. Physical difference is when things that occur naturally, such as mountains and rivers. Human difference is when things have changed due to people, such as roads and buildings.

Gold minors

In this country there are many natural resources that are here. They have Petroleum, timber, potash, lead, zinc, uranium, copper, phosphates, gold, magnesium, natural gas, and hydropower.

Timber they sell
A man in a uranium mine
Congo River
Copper mine
The Teke people

In the present day Congo, nonBantu tribes account for only 3% of the population. The Bantu include 74 peoples belonging to different ethnic groups such as the Kongo, the Teke, the M'bouchi and the Sangha. The Bakongo live in the south from Brazzaville tot Pointe-Noire on the Atlantic Coast.

M'bouchi home
Kongo people live
Catholic nuns at a monastery mission in the Republic of the Congo

Most residents of the Republic of the Congo are Christian, though many of them still carry on indigenous religious practices.

A church

Many Christians practice Kimbanguism, which originated from the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Percentages and ranks of religions in the Republic of the Congo

The movement retains many Christian element but believes in ancestral worship. Muslims are less than 2% of the country with a majority of them as immigrants residing in Brazzaville and a few other urban centers, the rest of the population practice African traditions or atheism.

A Christmas ornament

The major holidays in the Congo are Christmas, New Years, Easter, All Saints Day, National Reconciliation Day (June 10), Tree Day (March 6), and Independence Day (August 15).

Independence Day
Easter
Happy New Year
The people celebrating National Tree Day
President of the Republic of the Congo

The government is made up of three branches, which includes:

  • The Executive Branch: headed by the president, who is the chef of state, head of the government, and commander-in-chief.
  • The Legistlative Branch: It is made up of a Senate and a National Assembly. The main task for both bodies are to make laws and recommend new laws. The House of Senate consist of 72 seats, and so members are elected by indirect vote for 5 year term. The National Assembly consists of 137 seats whereby the members are elected by popular vote for a 5 year term.
  • The Judiciary Branch: is headed by the Surpreme Court. It is chaired by the President of the Surpreme Court, who leads the judiciary branch. It has the ability to quash the judgements of inferior courts, if those courts misapplied law.

Three interesting facts about the government

  1. The Republic of the Congo has a multi-party political system since the early 1990s.
  2. The voting age is 18 years old
  3. A Presidential Republic whereby the president acts as both head of state and head of the government.

The relationship between people and their environment or how they work together.

Tobacco plants

Cassava is the basic food crop everywhere in the country except for the southern region, where banana and plantains are prevalent. Among the cash crops, the most important are sugarcane, tobacco, cacao, Palm Kernals, and coffee.

Leaves from the plant, Cassava
Cacao
Sugarcane
Palm Kernals
Bananas in the Congo

There are many jobs in the Republic has many jobs from many different categories: buisness (general), finance and banking, healthcare, sales, technology and engineering, and a lot more.

Western Gorillas

In this country there are some endangered species such as chimpanzee, Giant African Water Shrew, and the Western Gorilla. They are all endangered because of poaching and deforestation.

Giant African Water Shrew
Chimpanzee

In Congo, the environment management is governed by Act No. 003/91 of 24 April 1991 n the protection of the environment. The national development plan of territory (SNAT in French) also focuses on the preservation of the environment and ecosystem. Also, the poverty Reduction Strategy Document (DSRP in French) places the substance able mangement of natural resources at the heart of national prioties incorporating areas of socio- economic development to environmental issues. Despite all pre-caution, the country particularly inits political capital, Brazzaville, the problems related to environmental degradation are becoming an increasing concern, among then we can mention sparsely; erosion, pollution, waste, noise, water, and electricity problems, transport, deforestation, depletion of natural resources, global warming, human activities are the main cause of these problems as well as phenomena.

Areas that can be grouped together by a set of things special to that area.

Boys in school

12.6% of the congolese budget is spent on education; 40% on primary education, 31% on secondary level, and 27% on tertiary level. Only 1% to pre-primary education eduction in Congo takes 13 years, from the first level of primary school to the Hogher Certificate.

Education system in Republic Congo
Education system in Republic Congo
Congo students learning

The country has a total population of 4,819,912 people, with 13.53 (people per sq. km).

The country is 132,047 miles squared.

Last recorded per capita GDP: 5993.15 US Dollars in 2015.

The life expectancy for men is 58.1 years and for women, 60.6 years.

There is a literarcy rate of 82.8% in the Republic of the Congo.

The Republic of the Congo is located in the western part of Central Africa. Situated on the equator, and has a tropical climate with high humidity and heat.

The movement of people, things, communications, and ideas.

Crude petroleum

The most recent exports are lead by crude petroleum, which represents 64.6% of the total exports of the Republic of the Congo; followed by Special Purpse Ships, which accounts for 8.71%.

Palm oil

The most recent imports are lead by palm oil, which represents 4.59% of the total imports of the Republic of the Congo, followed by iron pipes, which accounted for 3.72%.

Iron pipes
The Republic of the Congo flag

The national flag of the Republic consists of yellow diagnol band divided diagonally from the lower hoist-side corner, with a green upper triangle and red lower triangle. Adopted in 1959 to replace the French tricolour, it was the flag of the Republic of the Congo until 1970, when the people's Republic of the Congo was established. The new regime changed the flag to the Cost of Arms.

Th Coat of Arms

This version was utilized until the regime collapsed in 1991. The new government promptly restored the original pre-1970 flag.

The country came under French sovereignty in the 1880s. In 1908, France organized French Equatorial Africa (AEF), comprising its colonies of Middle Congo (modern Congo), Gabon, Chad, and Oubangui-Chari (Central African Republic). Brazzaville was selected as the federal capital. During World War II, the AEF administration sided with Free France President Charles de Gaulle, and Brazzaville became the symbolic capital of Free France from 1940-43. The Loi Cadre (frame work law) of 1956 ended dual voting roles and provides for partial self-government for the individual overseas territories. Ethnic rivalries then produced sharp struggles among the emerging Congolese political parties are sparked severe riots in Brazzaville in 1959. After the September 1958 referendum approving the new French constitution, AEF was dissolved. It's four territories became autonomous members of the French community and the Middle Congo was renamed the Congo Republic. Formal independence was granted in August 1960.

Africa's popular phones

The cost of mobile phones are way too high. People don't want to pay for text messaging services. Connectivity-and electricity- is a few and far between even in big cities. People don't have the requisite literacy skills-much less the technological literacy skills. In Africa, people need battery in their phones to last a month or more. A man named Verone Mankou saw Steve Jobs announcing the iPhone - he thought, "I can make something like that." And so he created a device that would later be the VMKtech. He build an initial batch of 1,000 tablets and he thought that he would sell them over three months. Instead he sold all 1,000 tablets a week after they were launched. Since then he developed the Elikia smartphone and a lower-cost tablet designed for educational programs.

Verone Mankou
Africa's technology and development
Trains to transport goods into the Congo
Transport routes
Taxis in the Congo

Through the Atlantic Ocean, goods from other countries come in. They can't use boats to ship them through the Congo since there are no routes. So, instead they use trucks and/or trains. Taxis are a popular mode of transportation for getting around Brazzaville. People also use busses and ferris, which provide a shuttle service across the Congo River to Kinshasa.

Denis Sassou-Nguesso casts his ballot

In 2016 President Denis Sassou-Nguesso has won a new five-year term with more than 60% of the vote. Interior Minister Raymond Zephyrin Mboulou said, but the opposition rejected the outcome, raising accusations of fraud and calling for civil disobedience. A coalition of 5 oppositions condidates said that its own results showed Mr. Sassou-Nguesso headed for defeat.

Re-elected Sassou-Nguesso and his wife leave the campaign headquarters
The pool region

On April 4th after President Denis Sassou-Nguesso's re-election, shooting broke out in the southern districts of the capital, Brazzaville, which are considered to be opposition strongholds. Military barracks and checkpoints and 2 police station were targeted in a gun battle that lasted nearly 2 days, according to the International Federation for Human Rights. The violence comes after protests last year over the constitutional referendum that extended the eligibility of presidential candidates beyond age 70, which allowed Mr. Sassou-Nguesso, 72, to run again. The federal government blamed a group called "Ninjas," former militiamen active during a civil war in the 1990s and again in the 200s, for the violence after the election. In particular, officials blamed the former ninja leader Frederic Bintsamou. In April, the government issued an arrest warrant for him in connection with recent unrest. He denies any direct involvement in the shooting or violence in the pool region, another area known for haboring opposition figures. Various witnesses report that the day after the shooting began in Brazzaville, the government bombed the southern pool, destroying one of Mr. Bintsamou's former houses. The government denies targeting civilians and has not issued an official body count. The government won't let anyone whose aim is to criticize national authorities and conduct biased and one-sided investigations, go near the pool region.

Frederic Bintsamou
Republic of Congo and Drc

The Republic of Congo is often confused with its bigger sibling, the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the other side of the Congo River. But for people who wants to know more about the smaller, lesser-known Congo, then you will find amazing things. You'll discover beautiful landscapes such as rainforests, waterfalls, lagoons, river Rapids and swamps. In these places you can find a lot of plants and animals, you can even find rare primate species such as chimpanzees and mountain gorillas. The forest is also the home of indigenous tribes, that maintained their traditional way of life. The capital city, Brazzaville, is a fascinating metropolis. Between Brazzaville and Kinshasa, the capital city of DRC, Brazzaville is the prettiest and more appealing of the two cities.

The Republic of Congo
The Congo River waterfall
Th cities, Brazzaville and Kinshasa
American International High School

All children from ages six to 19 are eligible for free education in the Republic of the Congo. In Brazzaville as in other urban areas, school attendance rates under communism, urban and educated people had jobs and could make more money than rural people, who had a lifetime closer of that of the ethnic tribes. Discrimination against hospitals, receive lower pay, and are not represented in the government. In their schools they wear their own clothes. Public education is not quality education since the Congolese public schools are under resourced and there are large disparities between the cities and the country side.

American International High School Brazzaville
American International Scool of Brazzaville: School Community

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