Martin Luther King Jr. was the initiator and leader of the first Negro non-violent movement against racism in the U.S. in the 1960s. He was inspired by advocates of non-violence such as Mahatma Gandhi.King fought for equality for African Americans, the economically disadvantaged and victims of injustice through peaceful protest. He was the driving force behind watershed events such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the March on Washington, which helped bring about such landmark legislation as the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 and is remembered each year on Martin Luther King Jr. Day, a U.S. federal holiday since 1986.
On August 28th,1963, Martin Luther King Jr. gave his iconic “I have a dream” speech. On the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, to a crowd of more than 250,000 people, the late civil rights activist laid out his dream for racial equality in America and his vision for our country for the years to come.