Mangroves Nicole chun 9c1

What is a Mangrove?

There are 80 species of mangroves in total, 60 of which live on coastal areas between the high- and low-tide lines. Mangroves used to cover three-quarters of the world's tropical coastlines, with Southeast Asia hosting the greatest diversity. Only 12 species live in the Americas. Mangroves range in size from small bushes to the 60-meter giants that can be found in Ecuador. Those that can handle tidal soakings grow in the open sea, in sheltered bays, and on fringe islands. Trees adapted to drier, saltier soil can be found farther from the shoreline. Some mangroves flourish along riverbanks far inland, as long as the freshwater current is met by ocean tides.

Mangroves can cope with salt

Saltwater can kill many plants. Mangroves, which live near water, must extract the freshwater from the saltwater that surrounds them. Mangroves can filter away 90% of the salt as the water enters their roots.

Mangroves hoard Fresh water

Mangroves have thick, succulent leaves which store fresh water, much like other desert plants. Some mangrove species have a waxy coating on their leaves to minimize evaporation, while some have small hairs on their leaves to deflect sunlight and wind.

Mangroves can breathe in a variety of different ways

Mangroves grow pencil like roots that stick out of the thick and muddy wetland ground like snorkels. These roots are called pneumatophores, which are used for the mangrove to take in oxygen.

Credits:

Created with images by Ricardo's Photography (Thanks to all the fans!!!) - "Puerto Rico(Isabela-Guanica)" • larsen9236 - "marathon florida keys crane point" • Abdecoral - "nature landscape beach" • dronepicr - "Mangroven"

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