Mangroves can cope with salt
Saltwater can kill many plants. Mangroves, which live near water, must extract the freshwater from the saltwater that surrounds them. Mangroves can filter away 90% of the salt as the water enters their roots.
Mangroves hoard Fresh water
Mangroves have thick, succulent leaves which store fresh water, much like other desert plants. Some mangrove species have a waxy coating on their leaves to minimize evaporation, while some have small hairs on their leaves to deflect sunlight and wind.
Mangroves can breathe in a variety of different ways
Mangroves grow pencil like roots that stick out of the thick and muddy wetland ground like snorkels. These roots are called pneumatophores, which are used for the mangrove to take in oxygen.