The March on Washington By: Maddie Moore

The March on Washington on 1963

Goals of The March on Washington

The goal of this event was to rally for economic equality and civil rights. They also wanted to show support for an end to segregation, the passage of civil rights legislation, government support for impoverished workers and a $2-an-hour minimum wage.

People Involved

The march was organized by A. Philip Randolph and Bayard Rustin, who also built an alliance for civil rights, labor, and religious organizations. There were many speakers such as Philip Randolph, Roy Wilkins, John Lewis, and much more; however, the main speaker remembered was Martin Luther King Jr., who gave his famous speech "I Have A Dream". After the march, the march leaders went to the White House for a discussion of proposed civil rights legislation with President Kennedy, who had been watching King's speech.

Obstacles Faced

When the march was first being planned out and gaining attention, President John F. Kennedy showed as little enthusiasm for the march as had Roosevelt, but this time the black leaders would not be talked out of it. Not only that, but The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference put aside their long-standing rivalry to come together for their shared cause and urge everyone to come together in harmony. However, after the event, the march received negative results from Malcolm X, who was a black nationalist, described the march as "a picnic" and "a circus". He also claimed that civil rights leaders had diluted the original purpose of the march, which had been to show the strength and anger of black people.

Results of this Event

After the march speakers left Congress to join the rest, both houses passed legislation to create a dispute judgement board for striking railroad workers. Many give credit to the march for creating the spark that influenced the passing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Not only that, but a year later legislation passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which forbade racial discrimination in voting. The cooperation of a Democratic administration with the issue of civil rights marked a large moment in voter alignment in the United States. The Democratic Party gave up the Solid South and went on to capture a high proportion of votes from blacks from the Republicans.

2017 Women's March on Washington

Women's March on Washington

The Women's March on Washington was a protest against President Donald Trump and his administration being elected into office. Along with protesting for women's rights, immigration reform, healthcare reform, the natural environment, LGBTQ rights, racial equality, freedom of religion,and workers' rights. The Women's March on Washington is similar to the civil rights March on Washington in 1963 because they both had miraculous amounts of people show up to show their support for the causes. In both cases, they were also marching/ protesting for equal and fair rights as human beings. Finally, it was the same tactic for both of them; peaceful and non-violent marches to get their points across.

Leaders and Obstacles Faced

The co-chairs of this protest were Linda Sarsour, Tamika D. Mallory, Carmen Perez, and Bob Bland. While the honorary co- chairs were Gloria Steinem, Harry Belafonte, LaDonna Harris, Angela Davis, and Dolores Huerta. Many celebrities took part in this march as well such as Blake Lively, Cher, Demi Lovato, Emma Watson, and many, many more. After the march, it received lots of attention from the media, multiple college professors and historians commented on it as well. In the aftermath of the protest, museum curators around the world sought to gather signs and other cultural artifacts of the marches. Senator Bernie Sanders, who attended the March in Montpelier, Vermont, said Trump should listen to the protesters: "Listen to the needs of women. Listen to the needs of the immigrant community. Listen to the needs of workers. Listen to what's going on with regards to climate change ... Modify your positions. Let's work together to try to save this planet and protect the middle class.".

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