Word Origins BY Lydia hernandez


Old English 449 A.D -1066 A.D: Angles, Saxons, and Jutes invaded Britain and the settled in what we call now England.

Characteristics of Anglo-Saxon

  • Number words to a thousand. (Ex: one, twenty, hundred)
  • Most basic colors. (Ex: green, brown, red)
  • Names of farm, forest, and ocean animals. (Ex: fish, cow, deer)
  • Inner and outer body parts relating to hunting. (Ex: nose, head, paw)
  • Short common words. (Ex: the, come, play)
  • Short words with letter "k". (Ex: king, speak,)

Latin Words

Invasion of Northern French- as a result the French language helped the English Language.

Characteristics of Latin Words

  • 3-5 syllable long words. (Ex: marvelous, fascinate, tremendous)
  • Words that have "ct" (Ex: act, direct, conduct)
  • Words that have "pt" (Ex: apt, erupt)
  • Words that have "ti" (Ex: partial, nation)
  • Words that have "ci" (Ex: special, facial, precious)
  • Words that have "sion" (Ex: explosion, collision, erosion)

Greek Words

Mainly influenced by Greek language- exploration and colonization brought new words from nay different languages into the English language.

characteristics of greek words

  • Words that have "ph" (Ex: phrase, graph, phone)
  • Words that have "ch" that make K-sound (Ex: choir,ache, orchid)
  • Long words with letter "K" (Ex: kilometer, kinescope)
  • Long words with "th" (Ex: thermos, athlete)
  • Words with "y" in the middle (Ex: cycle, thyme)
  • Olympic Sports (Ex: marathon, discus)

Why is it valuable for students to learn this?

  • Helpful for spelling
  • Helpful when learning new languages
  • Enhances comprehension skills

Word origins in the classroom

  • Word sorting activities are a great way of teaching word origins.
  • Vocabulary builders.
  • Root word tree.

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