Old English 449 A.D -1066 A.D: Angles, Saxons, and Jutes invaded Britain and the settled in what we call now England.
Characteristics of Anglo-Saxon
- Number words to a thousand. (Ex: one, twenty, hundred)
- Most basic colors. (Ex: green, brown, red)
- Names of farm, forest, and ocean animals. (Ex: fish, cow, deer)
- Inner and outer body parts relating to hunting. (Ex: nose, head, paw)
- Short common words. (Ex: the, come, play)
- Short words with letter "k". (Ex: king, speak,)
Invasion of Northern French- as a result the French language helped the English Language.
Characteristics of Latin Words
- 3-5 syllable long words. (Ex: marvelous, fascinate, tremendous)
- Words that have "ct" (Ex: act, direct, conduct)
- Words that have "pt" (Ex: apt, erupt)
- Words that have "ti" (Ex: partial, nation)
- Words that have "ci" (Ex: special, facial, precious)
- Words that have "sion" (Ex: explosion, collision, erosion)
Mainly influenced by Greek language- exploration and colonization brought new words from nay different languages into the English language.
characteristics of greek words
- Words that have "ph" (Ex: phrase, graph, phone)
- Words that have "ch" that make K-sound (Ex: choir,ache, orchid)
- Long words with letter "K" (Ex: kilometer, kinescope)
- Long words with "th" (Ex: thermos, athlete)
- Words with "y" in the middle (Ex: cycle, thyme)
- Olympic Sports (Ex: marathon, discus)
Why is it valuable for students to learn this?
- Helpful for spelling
- Helpful when learning new languages
- Enhances comprehension skills
Word origins in the classroom
- Word sorting activities are a great way of teaching word origins.
- Vocabulary builders.
- Root word tree.