'One home one toilet': Tackling defecation with data pUNE, INDIA

PROJECT OVERVIEW: Shelter Associates (SA), founded in 1993, strives toward enabling access to basic infrastructure and social housing to the urban poor. SA has successfully evolved a scalable, replicable, and sustainable model called ‘One Home One Toilet’ (OHOT), developed over 7 years of experimentation, trials. It uses a unique data-driven, community-centric, inclusive and cost sharing approach to facilitate individual household toilets in slums, involving a partnership between SA, the Urban Local Bodies (ULB), and communities as equal stakeholders. This model is well aligned with the national program of Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) of the Government of India. This process has been recognized nationally, delivering over 17,600 toilets across cities in Maharashtra till August 2019 impacting over 3,65,000 persons directly and indirectly. SA has launched an easily replicable toolkit details out the OHOT model. A third party impact assessment of OHOT model and a policy review paper comparing the SBM model versus SA model with recommendations have also been compiled, which are uploaded on the knowledge portal of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Govt. of India. The spatial data and infrastructure mapping of slums has been leveraged by the ULB’s for investments in additional sewerage networks in slums allowing families to invest in a home toilet. To date, SA has the maximum outreach in urban slums of Maharashtra with highest household toilets facilitated by any NGO with corporate support.

CATEGORY: Civil Society SETTING: Urban STATUS: On-Going

BY: Shelter Associates (NGO)

COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT: The objective of Shelter Associates is not only to facilitate projects but to realise a positive change in the quality of lives of India’s most vulnerable citizens. We believe that for any development to gain momentum, involvement and motivation of communities is of utmost importance. We seek to create awareness, bring about behavioral change and generate demand for household toilets in the community. The data and maps help us to have deep and meaningful discussions through community meetings, a series of workshops, focused group discussions with women, children, adolescent girls and boys and men and various activities such as , Rallies, Transect walks, Street Plays, etc. to flag issues pertaining to sanitation, health and hygiene thus improving community health and living conditions . Moreover, local committees (Samiti) are formed which comprise of local women who are linked to the respective ward office and are trained to flag civic issues even after SA’s withdrawal from the community

As a part of the ‘OHOT’ initiative, SA extensively mobilizes communities to engage, educate and empower them ensuring sustainability of the developments that they undergo.

PARTNERS: Communities: The materials for toilet construction is delivered free of cost at their doorsteps. The families contribute to the cost of construction of the toilet and also supervise the quality with SA. It is also a revenue generation for the masons living in these settlements.

Urban Local Body SA partners with Urban Local Bodies in each city through a formal MOU, which defines the roles and responsibilities of each stakeholder & the joint efforts required to deliver household sanitation. Apart from validating the data created by SA, holding review meetings regularly, the ULB also undertakes the financial responsibility and implementation of laying/repairing the drainage networks. Corporate Donors: Launch of Swachh Bharat Mission have allowed the sanitation space to grow attracting a lot of CSR funding into household sanitation giving additional impetus to our work. Our projects are supported mainly through corporate funding.




Moving Beyond Just Building Toilets