Civil Rights Terms Naveen Nair and India Norris

1857: The Dred Scott Decision - He was a slave that went to Illinois and Minnesota with his owner. He claimed that since he was in free territory, then he should no longer be his owner's slave. The Chief Justice ruled that he was still to be the owner's slave.
1863: The Emancipation Proclamation - Lincoln declared that all slaves were to be freed in the Confederate States.
1865: 13th amendment - Lincoln wanted to end slavery in the United States for good, and the 13th amendment was approved 27 out of 36 states.
1868: 14th amendment: Anyone born in the United States can be a citizen, even if you were a slave.
1870: 15th amendment - African-American men have the right to vote.
1896: Plessy v. Ferguson - Upheld constitutionality of segregation for African-Americans. They were seperate but equal.
1954: Brown vs. Board Education - Black and white students could attend school together.
1955: Montgomery Bus Boycott - Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man and was arrested. There was a boycott for the buses, nobody rode them, and the bus company lost a lot of their money.
1957: Little Rock Nine - Soldiers escorted nine black students into a white school. The white students did not treat them nicely, and many of the students' parents pulled them out of school.
1960: Sit-Ins - Restaurants were segregated, and African-Americans were forced to give up their seats to white people if there was not enough room. Some college students did a peaceful protest with a sit-in.
1960: Ruby Bridges - Ruby Bridges was escorted by guards to attend a white school.
1961: Freedom Riders - Some people protested segregation in different ways, a group of people did "Freedom Rides", which was a series of bus rides through the American South to protest bus interstate segregation.
1962: James Meredith - James Meredith got into the school University of Mississippi, but was rejected because of his race. He eventually was able to attend, and got a degree in political science.
1963: I Have A Dream Speech - Martin Luther King Jr. delivered this speech to two hundred fifty thousand people. He talked about non-violence and how there was a big future for people of all races in America.

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