Reward power is the act of giving a subject incentives to accomplish their given tasks.
ex. a teacher rewards students with candy if they have good behavior in class
Positive: Subjects will be motivated to achieve their goal in order to earn the reward
Negative: Subjects may not participate in the designated activity once the reward is taken away.
Referent power is complying with someone's commands because they are well liked as a person.
ex. Students help at the fundraiser because a well-liked student asked them to.
positive: This teaches people that being a good person and helping others will get them further in life.
negative: People may follow the direction of a less-qualified leader or expert simply because they are more liked. This may lead to failure or other consequences.
Legitimate power is respecting and following someone because they have a serious and important leadership role.
ex. American citizens follow Barack Obama's laws because he is their leader as president.
positive: People learn to respect those above them and work hard for people to respect them.
negative: A person with little qualifications or intelligence could end up in a legitimate leadership role, and people would be forced to obey them.
This is obtaining power through your control over the release of information that may be important to the listener.
ex. Contestants would want to please and assist a beauty pageant announcer so they could hear the name of the winner.
positive: If a leader has powerful information, the subjects will do what they are instructed to.
negative: Once the information has been released, the subjects may ignore instructions and become lazy.
Expert power is following a leader because they are well educated in your interest or task.
ex. A patient will most likely listen to a doctor's opinion and recommendation on medical problems because they have a medical degree.
positive: Subjects will receive accurate and helpful information most of the time from a credible source.
negative: An expert may abuse their power and their subjects' ignorance to harm them or give a poor recommendation.
Connection power is following a request because someone has connections with a desired person, activity, or event.
ex. You would complete a task for Beyonce's manager in the hopes that they would get you concert tickets.
positive: Subjects will want to complete tasks because they would have personal gain.
negative: Power may be given to an individual that does not deserve it just because they know someone important. A harder-working, better leader may be ignored simply because they don't have connections.
Coercive power is getting people to do what you want by invoking fear in them.
Ex. Russian citizens follow their president's rule because he uses threats.
positive: Subjects will accomplish their tasks because they are motivated to not be harmed.
negative: This creates a very sad and upsetting environment for subjects. They will most likely despise their leader and violence is very possible.
by kaelan daly