Unlike Afghanistan, Australia has 100% access to high quality drinking water as our water resources are looked after by individuals, groups and governments very well. Government spending is used to build infrastructure and water utilities to clean and pump the water to households all over Australia. As well as many dams and reservoirs across Australia, water can also be provided from desalination plants that Australia invested in. Different states rely on the desalination plants more depending on their access to other dams. Sydney doesn't need to heavily rely on their plant as Warragamba Dam supplies their water.
Warragamba Dam, located approximately 65 kilometres west of Sydney NSW, just below the Blue Mountains, is the primary reservoir for water supply for the city of Sydney. It supplies water to more than 3.7 million people living in Sydney, and 80% of all water resources. Australian groups, individuals and governments all play important roles into managing water sources to ensure Australians have access to the highest quality water. Livestock and grazing, fertilisers and urbanisation are issues polluting water sources in Australia and certain management strategies have been put in place to ensue the water stays clean, including community education, monitoring-water testing, financial assistance to farmers as well as general planning and regulations. The government play a huge role in the management of Australias water sources by creating different laws to reduce the amount of toxins going into the water sources. They have created legislations to prevent livestock from coming within 10 metres of water sources and provide grants and funding to farmers who are able to build fences to control their animals. Individuals and farmers living in the area take on a large responsibility in keeping the local environment and waterways healthy. The forest land surrounding Warragamba catchment is managed through hazard reduction burning to prevent fires destroying the land and the ashes polluting the water. Conservationists put a lot of effort in testing the water levels and planning ways to keep the water quality stable.
The reduction and loss of Afghanistan's glaciers, drought, war related damage to the irrigation systems it does have, poor management, waste, pollution, and the fact that over 80% of Afghans are engaged in agriculture and livestock-raising, makes the country extremely susceptible to water shortages. Australians are so fortunate to live in a safe environment where access to clean drinking water is the simple act of opening a tap, and government and individuals spend the appropriate money and time to care for the environment to ensure our water resources to be of a maximum world standard level.