Tourette Syndrome Created by: Heather Jones

Neuro-Psychiatric Disorder

  • Starts at childhood
  • Genetic disorder (not rare) - proven by Biochemical tests and brain imaging as well as, neurological & genetic studies
  • Inherited developmental disorder of neurotransmitters

Characterized by motor tics and/ or at least one vocal tic

  • Involuntary
  • I.e: Repeatedly blinking eyes, shrugging shoulders, or blurting out offennsive words

Brain Anatomy and Physiology

Volumetric MRI Studies Suggested: Normal asymmetry of basal ganglia is lost in affected individuals- developmental abnormality

Volume & Surface Morphology: enlargements of the thalamus of more than 5% in affected patients of all ages- most involve previously unsuspected motor pathways

Post Mortem Studies: low brainstem serotonin, low levels of glutamate in the globus pallidus & low levels of cyclic adensone monophosphate (AMP) in the cortex

Treatment Options

Self Diagnosable usually- changes can be seen in the following categories: Behavioral, Muscular Movement & Mood

Behavioral- compulsive behavior, impulstivity, hyperactivity, meaningless repetition of own words, nonsense word repetition, Repetitive movements, swearing uncontrollably (8%) or lack of restraint

Muscular- Dificulty with body movements, increased muscle activity, involuntary movements,involuntary muscle contractions or jerking muscle spasms

Mood- anxiety or apprehension

Also Common- coughing, eyelid twitching, frequent throat clearing, learning disability, repetitive blinking of eyes or stuttering

Therapies

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Talk therapy focused on modifying negative thoughts, behaviors and emotional responses associated with psychological distress
  • Exposure and response prevention- talk therapy focused on exposing feared or dramatic experiences with a safe setting in order to help reduce any associated psychological distress

Medications

  • Antipsychotic- reduces or impairs the symptoms of certain psychiatric conditions
  • Haloperidol- can treat certain types of mental disorders
  • Flophenazine- can treat schziophrenia
  • Rispendone- can treat schziphrenia, bipolar disorder and irrability caused by autism

Living with Tourette Syndrome

As someone who has a relative who has Tourette syndrome I can personally account that having the disorder has many challenges. Life is hard for that person sometimes because they can not focus on tasks at hand due to the tics that they have; often times it causes great stress. Having family members that understand Tourette syndrome is highly beneficial to living a normal life.

Created By
Heather Jones
Appreciate

Credits:

Created with images by Pexels - "alarm clock chair clock" • qimono - "clock glasses pen" • Image Editor - "01 Siemens MAGNETOM Trio" • hatcher10027 - "Tacking on the Styx - http://bookstore.authorhouse.com" • Pavel Tcholakov - "Morgue, #2" • emily_hammie - "Toe Physical Therapy"

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